Reconstruction surgery, as the term clearly indicates, is a surgical procedure that addresses and corrects body deformities, that can happen either due to accidental injury, congenital defects or any other illness, including cancer.
Here we present some of the most common reconstruction surgeries.
Hand And Feet Reconstruction Surgery
These surgical procedures are helpful to correct deformities in hands and feet. These are done mostly in order to correct webbed feet, remove extra digits and other congenital defects. Also, these are quite useful to reconstruct the deformities caused by hand and feet cancers. Moreover, any injury or trauma to hand and feet can also be addressed through these surgical procedures.
Breast Reconstruction Surgery
These are a few types of cosmetic surgery, such as breast augmentation surgery, breast reduction surgery, breast lift surgery and all. Though many people believe that breast surgeries are just for enhancing the beauty and more attractive body contour, breast reconstruction surgery is quite useful after a mastectomy (surgical removal of breasts to treat cancer), both physically and psychologically.
Cleft Lip And Palate Repair Surgery
Cleft lip and palate are the two most common congenital defects in babies. These two defects can either occur separately or together. It requires reconstruction surgery to correct these. In fact, in case these repair surgery is availed at a young age, the scars almost get dissolved by the time the child reaches around the age of puberty.
Rhinoplasty is more commonly known as nose-job. It is a cosmetic surgery that fixes the deformity and corrects a misshaped nose. Though it is often considered only to improvise the facial feature of the individual, rhinoplasty does more than that. A misaligned nose can also lead to hindrance in breathing, making rhinoplasty a crucial procedure.
Apart from these reconstruction surgeries, having scar revision, microsurgery and flap procedure is quite common as well. Scar revisions are done in order to enhance the natural appearance of skin, which has been scarred either due to any surgical procedure or accident. The microsurgery and flap procedure, on the other hand, is done in order to replace the skin of the body that has been damaged due to accident, illness or surgery.
Even if, reconstruction surgery might not be able to restore the exact appearance of any body part or a scar, it improvises overall appearance significantly. Thus it helps the individual both physically, aesthetically and psychologically.
Though as per most common beliefs, cosmetic surgery solely comprises the procedures that aim to improve the body appearance, there is much more to it. The domain of reconstructive surgery deals with the surgical procedures to correct and restore the body parts. Minor procedures of several organs can be done through general surgeries and gynaecological surgeries as well, but complicated cases are always referred to a cosmetic surgeon.
It is often done to correct physical malfunctions present since the time of birth, known as congenital conditions. But mostly, it is done to correct the physical deformities that result due to some accident, injury or illness.
Let’s discuss a few most common reconstructive procedures-
1. Breast Reconstructive Procedures
These surgeries restore the basic shape of either one or both breasts. This is usually meant for the women who undergo mastectomy, mostly due to cancer. The surgery is also recommended for women with exceptionally large breast and suffers severe back pain and other associated illnesses due to it.
Men who suffer from breast cancer and undergo surgery may also undergo this surgery to restore their chest contour.
2. Skin Grafting
Cuts and burns of severe degree often need surgical correction rather than only ointments or lotions. Skin grafting involves removal of damaged skin and replacing it with a layer of healthy skin tissue, either from one’s own body or from a suitable donor.
3. Hand and Feet Surgery
These surgeries are mostly done for the patients with some deformities in hands/ feet due to, accident or congenital condition. This primarily restores the balance and functions, closely followed by its normal appearance.
It is also done for the people with webbed toes/finger or who are born with extra finger/toe.
4. Facial Surgery
These surgeries are mostly done for patients with congenital defects such as cleft lip and cleft palate. However, it can also be availed to correct damage caused by sinuses and as scar revision surgery.
These cosmetic surgeries not only restore the physical appearance of the organs but also ensures its functionality. In a nutshell, it is a life-giving surgery domain that helps the people to live their life to its fullest, even when any severe injury deforms the body parts due to the accident, or illness. However, it is always recommended to avail these specifically from expert cosmetic surgeons to get the best possible result.
Change is inevitable. Change in weight and appearance can usually be achieved through proper diet, exercise and make over. However, sometimes the degree of change desired is so varied and specific that it calls out for the special medical intervention – plastic or cosmetic surgery.
To undergo a cosmetic surgery is often a much more delicate topic than anticipated earlier. Thus, any such decision should be taken with utmost care and sound mind. It should be sought solely for the enhancement and improvement of one’s personal life and under no circumstances, it should be done under the influence or due to fad.
For the past few decades, the plastic and cosmetic surgeries have become much more viable and accessible. Due to its excellent results and timely recovery, it has become more commercialized, accessible and affordable these days.
But the most important question remains, whether getting a plastic surgery is a positive experience? Though people may have a different opinion regarding the same, the most widely accepted answer is a big yes. It is one thing to say or suggest an individual to live with deformities and accept as they are, and an entirely different thing to be that individual themselves.
Prior to surgery, several people often hide themselves, due to consciousness and lack of confidence. Having a plastic surgery transforms the deformities and improves the physical condition drastically. Along with it, the individual also experiences a significant positive change in terms of emotion as well; mainly due to higher self-esteem and confidence.
But before jumping on-board with any such procedure looking for and getting a well-qualified doctor is extremely important. Having an authentic and well experienced doctor is vital for the success of the procedure. Any experiment or inexperience can have catastrophic results on the body. However, there is one non-medical aspect everyone who is planning to undergo plastic surgery must keep in mind – having realistic expectations.
One must bear in mind that altering or beautifying a particular or even multiple physical entity can alter or improve their quality of life. However, it is not a magic solution and will not fix all their problems.
Thus, in a nutshell, it can be stated that a plastic surgery is a medical procedure that enhances the quality of life by altering and mainly improving the physical aspects of an individual.
We have lots of internal as well as external organs that are present in pairs. Some people assume it is there for symmetry, but in reality, each of these paired organs is vital. But unfortunately, some of the individuals live with a defected one in the paired organ. Besides compromising the overall aesthetic, it challenges the function of the organ altogether. Often cosmetic surgery is needed to correct it.
One of the most carried out cosmetic surgery in Kolkata is rhinoplasty. Rhinoplasty is the surgery of readjusting and reshaping of the nose. The nose is located on the face, it has two nostrils that facilitate the inflow of air. The shape of the nose is a combined factor of nasal bones and cartilages, especially the septal cartilage that separates the nostrils.
There are two types of this particular surgery – functional and cosmetic rhinopasty. The functional rhinoplasty alters the air passage without changing the external appearance. This one is mostly employed by the people who want a better biological result. The cosmetic Rhinoplasty on the other hand, does the opposite. It alters only the external aesthetics without compromising the internal setup. This one is mostly employed by the people who wants better physical results.
Most of the people assume that these are only for the wealthy ones who get it done in order to look more beautiful. In reality, it is often more like a need rather than a fancy desire.
A misaligned nose on the outside may just look odd, but on the inside it may cause some serious blockage in the airway. These anatomic blockages can either be congestion or obstruction. In such cases, functional rhinoplasty becomes essential. It is also known as nasal valve repair. It is done primarily to relieve the patient from breathing as well as from nasal disorders.
These surgeries are carried out either through end nasal approach (which is done from inside the nose) or through open rhinoplasty. In each of the surgery, the cartilage of the nose is straightened and reshaped. The cartilage is extracted from the patient’s own body, to support the internal structure of the nose.
After the surgery, the patient’s nasal blockage is permanently resolved. This new arrangement facilitates increased airflow and hence improves breathing conditions. Thus, Cosmetic Surgery contributes to the patient not just in terms of appearance, but also overall health conditions.
In today’s disease-stricken world, every individual undergoes at least one surgery in his lifetime. Some have to make round trips to the operation theaters multiple times in their lifetime for the surgical treatment for diseases of several domains.
The surgical wounds are the spots on the body where the incisions are made to carry out the surgery. Hospitals these days use the laparoscopic surgery to minimize the area required to make the surgical cut. But no matter the size of the wound, infection can still be imminent, if proper care is not practiced.
The skin starts to heal on its own within a day or two post operation. This varies from person to person depending on the overall health condition and type of surgical procedure. Closing the cut with clips or stitches enhances the healing process significantly.
The size and the sensitivity of the incision depends upon the type of disease and its surgery. The wound can be closed either with clips, stitches or surgical glue, depending upon the size, location and the intensity of the bonding needed by the cut.
In case the surgery was a minor one and the doctors have used surgical glue, it is the best alternative one can imagine. In case, it is the dissolvable stitches, the work of patient becomes comparatively easy. But in case it is the non-dissolvable stitches, clips or staples, much more caution and care is needed to ensure sterility. Clips, stapler and stitches are removed by the doctor or a skilled nurse after 3 to 15 days after the surgical procedure.
What to do to ensure everything is alright?
Keeping the wound covered all the times ensures that the wound does not get contaminated with environmental pathogens. A covered wound is likely to heal three times quicker as compared to uncovered wounds. Use of antibiotic cream is also recommended, this further diminishes the risk of infection up to 18 percent.
Keeping the wound out of any contact with water is very vital, especially for the first 24 hours. Usually dressing for a major surgery is usually recommended to carry out by a professional. However, sometimes the patient himself might need to address it personally.
Removing any fluid coming out of the wound and keeping it dry is the optimal condition for healing. It reduces the overall risk of infection. Sometimes, exerting some pressure to the wound might also be needed to keep the stitch intact.
There are several terms that got popular, especially in recent times, and one of them is Cosmetic Surgery. Lately, people who can afford it are going for cosmetic surgery for better aesthetics. But what is cosmetic surgery? It is known by very few people. It is widely confused and interchanged with another set of aesthetic surgery branch, the plastic surgery.
We will understand the difference between the two and then focus on our prime topic – the cosmetic surgery. Plastic surgery is a wide branch of medicines and surgery that comprises of two sub-categories- cosmetic surgery and reconstructive plastic surgery.
Though these branches are closely related, their main objective is entirely different. The plastic (reconstructive) surgery aims to improve the function of organs and to restore it in case it misaligned due to some injury or accident or a defect during birth. The cosmetic surgery, however, aims to enhance the aesthetics of an individual.
Now that you know the difference between these two terms, let’s resume the original topic of the article that is the cosmetic surgery. In several parts of the world, including India, the function of Cosmetic Surgery is often overlooked and underestimated. A lot of people actually rule this out of their life assuming it to be a part for only wealthy people who aren’t happy about themselves. According to them, it is a non-essential elective surgery, not a cup for common folks. However, it is not the actual scenario.
Several times, it is found that an individual suffering from low esteem due to some blemish within them. Previously, they had no choice but to live with it. But thankfully now, something can be done about it. From the hand of an experienced surgeon it is no less than a miraculous transformation.
Even though Cosmetic Surgery is becoming popular, it must be kept in mind, that every individual is not suitable for undergoing cosmetic surgery. Numerous medical and habitual factors must be calibrated carefully before making a decision. In several cases, the doctors postpone the procedure until the time the patient is through with psychological counseling.
One must understand this loud and clear that cosmetic surgery is a permanent change in the body and only after being absolutely positive, one should go ahead with it. It is one of the wonders of medical science for the people and we will bring more facts regarding the same very soon.