Neonatology is a special branch that deals with critically ill infants and preterm babies. Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, or commonly known as the NICU plays a crucial role in it. NICU is a specially built chamber where critically ill babies are kept.
Until childbirth, all the needs of a baby are fulfilled through the mother itself. During the event of childbirth, many transitions occur simultaneously to enable the baby to perform these functions of their own. NICU comes into play for those babies, who fail to do them on their own, due to various reasons.
The NICU comprises of high-end equipment to regulate the temperature and oxygen level as per the need of the babies, along with many other life support apparatus. The exact duration, for how long a particular baby is to be kept in NICU, depends on various factors, but most commonly, their bodies should be able to perform the following functions before discharging-
It is also known as the Roux-en-Y method. It works on the combined approach. It involves the following steps:
ILS Hospitals is equipped with NICU facilities for every infant with a special need.