Prostate Cancer: Early Detection For Patients At Higher Risk

Prostate cancer can only be detected in its early stage during screening. Other than that, there is no visible symptom until the disease reaches the advanced stage. 

In the early stages, the chances of treatment are high, but as the disease advances, the chances of treatment also decrease.

So, even if there are no symptoms, you must always consult with the best urologist in Kolkata after the age of 40. This would help to take enough precautionary measures in case of the onset of prostate cancer. 

Let’s get to know more about the disease so that you can receive the treatment at the right time.

What is Prostate cancer?

The prostate is a male gland that is responsible for producing seminal fluid. The sole purpose of the seminal fluid is to transport and nourish the sperm. It can get affected by either benign or malignant cancer.

Prostate cancer is a very common cancer found among males in their 40s. Most prostate cancer tends to remain confined within the gland, whereas others spread slowly and become aggressive. 

Signs and Symptoms of Prostate cancer

There are absolutely no symptoms identifiable at the early stage. However, when the disease advances, there are certain signs, such as:

  • Blood in urine
  • Bone pain
  • Blood in semen
  • Loss of weight
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Trouble urinatin

Thus, it becomes quite necessary to consult with the best urologist in Kolkata before it is too late.

Risk factors leading to Prostate cancer

There are many risk factors that, when combined, lead to the development of prostate cancer.  Generally, screening is done in males above the age of 40 to understand the development of cancer. So, the basic questions that you need to ask are:

  • Does any of your family members have prostate, ovary, colon, or pancreatic cancer?
  • Does your family have a history of gene mutation?
  • How old are you, and when should you start screening for prostate cancer?

Other than this, the risk of prostate cancer prevails among men:

  • Individuals who are above 65 years old.
  • Have an ancestry of African American men and Caribbean men.
  • Share the family gene of cancer.
  • Obesity can lead to cancer.

How is prostate cancer screening done?

The golden standard test applied for prostate cancer screening is PSA, Prostate Specific Antigen Test. With this, the level of Prostate Specific antigen in the blood is measured. PSA is actually a protein that is produced by the prostate cells, and the amount increases during prostate cancer. Because a cancerous cell tends to produce more PSA. So, there is a spike of PSA in the blood.

This is the first test that every medical specialist would recommend. Thus, any temporary increase in the PSA level would help them take precautionary steps. The increase in PSA can even be due to an infection, but monitoring the level and keeping it within the normal range can prevent the chances of cancer.

What if the PSA test is found to be high?

If the PSA result is found to be high, then the test is again repeated after a couple of weeks. This helps confirm that you have prostate cancer to avoid fluctuations. Further, it is always advised to carry out the test in the same laboratory as the previous one to avoid confusion.

Other tests to detect prostate cancer

After the PSA screening test, your doctor may ask you to go through a certain follow-up test or a biopsy. There are many supplementary tests that are considered, such as the Digital Rectal Exam (DRE), Free PSA test, PSA velocity or the rate of rising, PSA density, and PSA-based markers.

Other than this, the urinary PCA3 marker is also mandatory. The doctor may also ask you to go through an MRI, too. Other than a screening routine, there are certain tests that you have to undergo, such as cancer-specific blood and urine-based tests.

Why is the Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) considered to be important?

A Digital Rectal Exam is considered to be the baseline test where the doctor examines the prostate physically, whether it has changed its shape, become irregular, or enlarged. If there are any subsequent changes or if it has become bigger compared to the previous examination, it is definitely a red flag.

Do you need to go through both PSA and DRE?

Neither the PSA test (Prostate Specific Antigen Test) nor the DRE test (Digital Rectal Exam Test) can provide your 100% accurate result. There are chances of false positive and false negative results. 

False positive results can lead to a biopsy even when the person does not have cancer. On the other hand, false negatives can provide a false sense of relaxation that they don’t have any cancer. Thus, both tests are quite essential to reach the conclusion.

Can Prostate cancer be cured?

Early diagnosis and detection can help to restrict cancer to a certain extent. Other than this, prostate cancer can also grow slowly and affect men who are in their 60s. So, even if the cancer is detected in its early stage, it may have little scope of treatment to be done due to age and other factors. 

What are the complications associated with treatment?

Cancer treatment can also have serious side effects that affect the prostate gland. It can lead to a lack of urine control which is incontinence, and also lead to erection problems. Also, the patient may face metastasizing. Here cancer can spread to nearby organs, including the bladder, and get into the lymphatic system, affecting the bone and other organs. Thus, it makes the treatment difficult, and also the chances of getting cured also reduce subsequently.

Prevention Methods

According to the best urologist in Kolkata, you can follow certain practices to prevent the spread or occurrence of prostate cancer, such as:

  • Try to eat healthily and choose a diet that consists of fruits and vegetables.
  • Instead of depending on vitamin and mineral supplements, opt for food that can provide proper nourishment, including vitamins and minerals. 
  • Try to include regular exercise as it contributes towards overall health.
  • Maintain proper weight and try to reduce the extra calories. Follow the BMI chart for a more specific result.
  • Consult with a doctor about the increase of prostate cancer and ask for supplements that can reduce its developing chances.


Irrespective of the risk factors, you should talk to your doctor as immediately as you can. Only detection of prostate cancer, at the right time, can prevent the risk, and cancer can be seized at its early stage. At ILS Hospitals, you get the facility of advanced treatment and cancer screening. So, consult with a medical specialist before the threat prevails.

9 Myths About Kidney Stones That You Should Know About

Kidney stones have become quite a common medical condition, and millions of people are suffering from them across the globe. Several myths are linked with kidney stones that potentially harm the patient in the long run. 

We are about to discuss the 9 common myths associated with kidney stones that should be stopped at once. Moreover, if you feel that you are suffering from kidney stone symptoms, then your first action should be to consult with a doctor. Get the best kidney stone treatment in Kolkata.

What causes Kidney stones?

Before we proceed with the rumors, first get to know what causes kidney stones. Kidney stones can occur due to stress or any kind of treatment. The symptoms usually differ from one person to another, including the pain. 

You may experience frequent urination, fever, nausea, cold chills and all of this fluctuate from time to time. Thus, to keep yourself healthy and get proper treatment, it is essential to not hype the myths about kidney stones.

Types of kidney stones 

There are four kinds of kidney stones:

  • Calcium oxalate stone
  • Calcium phosphate stone 
  • Uric acid stone
  • Cystine stones

Myth 1: Avoid calcium to prevent kidney stone

Kidney stones are of several types, and the most common one is calcium oxalate stones which are formed when calcium binds with oxalate. People think that because calcium is associated with the kidney, then by avoiding it, they can prevent kidney stones. However, food that is rich in calcium, such as milk, can actually help to prevent and manage kidney stones. This isn’t true for calcium supplements which should only be consumed after consulting with the doctor

Myth 2: Tea can lead to an increased risk of kidney stone

Yes, it is true that you should avoid black tea, which has high oxalate, while you are suffering from kidney stones to prevent the risk. However, not every kind of tea increases the risk. You can consume green tea, which is quite beneficial during these conditions. Other than that, intake of herbal tea and milk tea can also reduce the oxalate content in your body.

Myth 3: Beer can help to pass the kidney stone

Drinking beer can trigger urination, but it has no link with kidney stones. Many think that urination can help pass down small kidney stones, but any alcoholic beverage is not good for the kidney. Because, it might lead to a dehydrating effect which increases the risk of the patient during kidney stone disease. Moreover, some beers also have high oxalate content, which increases the risk of kidney stones, so you should avoid it.

Myth 4: Cranberry juice can reduce kidney stone

Cranberry is often thought to be an ideal herbal remedy for treating kidney stones. However, even if it is true, cranberry juice can keep your kidney healthy and treat urinary tract infections. But, when you are diagnosed with kidney stones, then you must avoid cranberries because they have high oxalate content. Thus, if you are diagnosed with calcium oxide stones, then it is better to avoid cranberry juice. Also, get an appointment of the best kidney stone treatment in Kolkata.

Myth 5: Kidney stone leads to intense pain always

Kidney stones, if ignored for a long time, can lead to painful experiences, especially if the stones are large, it can block the urine. However, not kidney stones are not painful at the early stage. Rather than pain, you can experience sudden symptoms, such as difficulty urinating, discomfort near the lower back, or blood in the urine. This is the time when you should get checked by a medical professional.

Myth 6: Drinking soda causes kidney stone

When you have kidney stones, there are certain restrictions on food and beverages. However, no evidence exists that drinking soda or any specific food can cause stones. But, it’s true that drinking soda is not a healthy option. During kidney stone disease, your body already has high sugar content, so if you are thinking of drinking soda, then try to avoid the ones that contain phosphoric acid.

Myth 7: Every kidney stone treatment requires medical procedure

If your kidney stone is detected to be large, then only you need to undergo surgery or treatment such as shockwave lithotripsy. This helps to pass down the stones on their own. Other than this, you might have to make certain changes in your diet, along with the intake of proper medication. So, based on the latest update, about 10 to 20% of kidney stone conditions require surgery; others can be cured through medication.

Myth 8: Kidney stone feels like having a stomach ache

Usually, the person having kidney stones can feel a range of sensations, starting from throbbing to contraction. It is not at all like any other stomach pain that you might get from menstrual cramps or during child labor.

Myth 9: Milk causes kidney stones

Milk is one of the best sources of calcium, and on the other hand, kidney stones are formed of calcium oxalate. So, most people relate that milk can cause kidney stones, which is totally a wrong idea. Because kidney stones are actually caused due to lack of calcium. So, adding at least one glass of milk or yogurt to your daily diet is always advised to reduce the chances of kidney stones. Along with that, you can also consume magnesium to help prevent kidney stones.

Ways to prevent kidney

  • Drink as much fluid as you can in the entire day. It is usually recommended to drink 8 glasses which would help to increase the urine output and also dilute the urine. Thus, preventing the accumulation of oxalates which in turn prevents the formation of kidney stones.
  • Keep a healthy gut microbiome, as it can keep your GI tract in proper condition. You can optimize the gut microbiome by eating healthy foods such as fiber, fruits, and vegetables. You can also include yogurt or fermented food in your diet.
  • Keep a balanced diet, eat more fruits and vegetables and try to avoid junk food. There are certain fruits and vegetables that can help to reduce the risk of major kidney stone formation. If you have any other health conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or suffering from heart disease, then you must consult with the dietitian and get a personalized diet chart. This would prevent the formation of stones in the long run.


These are the common myths that have made things complicated for both the patient and the doctor. If you feel any other symptoms that are associated with kidney stones, as mentioned above, then you must immediately consult with the doctor. Usually, the symptoms and the recurrence of kidney stones differ from one individual’s health condition to another. 

Thus, long-term changes in your lifestyle are required to prevent and manage kidney stones. Also, try not to pay attention to the myths. Rather consult with certified and experienced doctors at ILS Hospitals for the best kidney stone treatment in Kolkata.

10 Things To Know Before A Renal Transplant

During a renal transplant or kidney transplant, the damaged kidney is replaced with a healthy kidney. Inside the body, it starts functioning just like the patient’s kidney would, allowing the patient to live a healthy life. Even though the kidney receiver has to maintain certain restrictions throughout life.

Studies show that people who undergo renal transplants live longer than those who remain on dialysis. So, it is always advised to consult with the best renal transplantation doctors Kolkata. This would help to get the right treatment when the kidney fails and enjoy a better life with better treatment.

However, it is quite obvious that you might have certain queries. You must sort them out before a renal transplant. Here, we have come up with the 10 basic questions that usually patience asks before the transplant.

1. When should you get a kidney transplant?

If you are at the advanced stage of kidney problems, then your nephrologist might suggest you undergo either dialysis or a kidney transplant. Most of the time, patients are put on dialysis for a few months. Then, a proper kidney transplantation procedure is undertaken.

If it is found that dialysis is helping and it is keeping the kidney problem in a restrictive stage, then there is no need to undergo a kidney transplant. However, when dialysis is not enough, then kidney transplant is necessary to help the patient live a normal life.

2. Who should get a kidney transplant?

Kidney disease can occur in patients of any age range, from a child to senior citizens. Thus, patients of all ages can consider a transplant. However, before the transplant, one has to go through a complete medical checkup. This includes psychosocial evaluation to ensure that the patient is in a condition to accept the new kidney.

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Along with that, evaluations are made so that in case any problems occur, then correct measures can be undertaken after the operation is done. The renal transplant is performed by a team of specialists. They ensure that the patient remains free from infection and cancer and continues living a healthy life.

3. What is preemptive or early transplant?

If you get a kidney transplant before starting the dialysis, then it is called a “preemptive transplant,” and with this, you can avoid the dialysis completely.

It has great benefits because you do not have to spend your time on dialysis, and it ensures a long-term healthy life. Along with that, it saves money, time, and also your life in case the kidney disease progresses in the last stages. So, consult with the best renal transplantation doctors Kolkata.

4. How does a kidney work after a renal transplant or kidney transplant?

The damaged kidney is replaced by a healthy kidney from the donor, who can either be living or deceased. Nephro-surgeon performs this surgery where the new kidney is connected to the artery and within the groin region, and to the uterus.

Thus, the excess fluid or urine can be carried through the blood into the new kidney, where it is processed and then released out of the body.

5. Is it safe to undergo a renal transplant?

It is the duty of the nephrologist to ensure that the procedure is safe for the patient. Usually, a kidney transplant does not have any risk, but one needs to go through medications, such as immuno-suppressant so that the body is capable of accepting the new organ.

Thus, kidney transfer is indeed a very good option, even if the patient is already on immunosuppressant or has any kind of comorbidities. Under all circumstances, a kidney transplant can be undertaken.

6. What is the difference between living and deceased donors?

A patient with a damaged kidney can receive a kidney for renal transplant from either living or a deceased person. This deceased donor is somebody who decides to donate the kidney after his or her death. And, a living donor is someone who belongs to the family, maybe relatives, friends, or anybody who is willing to donate one kidney.

7. What is the rate of successful renal transfer?

Kidney transfer is conducted in both forms, from a deceased or a living patient. Usually, the success rate for living donors it’s 98%, and for deceased people, it is 94%. Thus, a kidney transplant or renal transplant is considered to be a successful treatment. You must get a thorough check-up done by the best renal transplantation doctors Kolkata.

8. What should you do after a renal transplant?

You can move around and eat on your own right after the day of the transplantation. Post-operative patients are given medications in the form of immuno-suppressant, which they have to take their entire life. Along with that, they also have to take medications in the form of antibiotics and painkillers.

You need to go through several follow-ups and blood tests to ensure that the new kidneys function properly. It is always advised not to eat heavy food or go through heavy exercise for at least 6 months after the transplant.

9. Will a kidney transplant completely cure the patient?

Kidney transplant is actually a treatment, and it is not a cure. So, if anybody has kidney failure, then kidney transplantation can help them lead a normal life. But, they have to avoid certain food, maintain restrictions, and intake medications their entire life. They also need to go through repetitive checkups after the transplantation to avoid any kind of kidney rejection.

10. What are the tests that one needs to undergo for a good match?

Before the transplantation, the entire surgery team would perform a psychosocial and medical test. This should ensure that the donor is healthy. Both the patients and the donor need to undergo a certain test, The list includes a blood test, urine tests, imaging examinations, and cancer screening.


Right before the renal transplant, the patient is put on a particular diet. The patient also has to follow proper medications to prepare the body for surgery. Other than these, blood and tissue type compatibility is also checked by the medical team before the renal transplant.

Consult with the best nephrologists at ILS Hospitals and witness advanced facilities to treat kidney disease. You can also seek advice on how to prevent the risk of kidney problems and lead a healthy life.

ED and Heart Disease: What’s the Link?

You might be surprised to know that if you have Erectile Dysfunction, then it can lead to cardiovascular disease. It is actually a symptom that you might have atherosclerosis, and this is quite common even in men who are of young age. 

In atherosclerosis, the arteries get narrow, and the person is at risk of a heart attack. The basic studies suggest that between the age of 40 to 70 years, mostly men get affected by ED.

So, before ED leads to heart risk, it is important to get an appointment for a thorough medical check-up. You can consult with the best heart hospital in Kolkata India, for subsequent follow-ups.

What is heart disease?

The term “heart disease” covers a very broad aspect and also includes a wide range of medical conditions associated with heart and blood vessels. The most common problems witnessed across the globe are:

  • Heart failure
  • Stroke
  • Arrhythmia
  • Heart attack

There 4 big reasons that lead to the development of heart disease:

  • Hypertension
  • High cholesterol
  • Smoking, alcohol intake, and drug abuse
  • Diabetes

Other than these, if someone is born with a heart defect, then they have a chance of developing heart disease over time.

What is ED or Erectile Dysfunction?

ED is a medical condition where the patient fails to keep an erection for sexual intercourse. This is quite a common condition and millions of men get affected throughout the world. A proper flow of blood is required for erection, but when the blood fails to reach the penis, then Erectile Dysfunction occurs. 

Erectile Dysfunction occurs due to dysfunction of the inner lining of the blood vessels (endothelium) and smooth muscles. This indicates underlying cardiovascular problems, such as heart failure, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, etc. Thus, Erectile Dysfunction is treated as a sign of a heart problem. So, book an appointment with the best heart hospital in Kolkata India, to eliminate all the risks.

The basic cause of Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile Dysfunction is the combined result of physical as well as psychological health. There are several causes, and the range generally tends to vary from one person to another, such as:

  • Low estrogen.
  • Use of a high dose of medication. 
  • A buildup of cholesterol in the blood vessels stops the flow of blood.
  • Injury to penis
  • Venous leak
  • Operation of prostate, bladder, and colon  during cancer
  • Obesity
  • Surgeries or injuries near the pelvic or spinal cord
  • Mental health concerns, including stress, anxiety, lack of communication, depression, panic attacks, sleep disorder, etc.

Diseases that most cause Erectile Dysfunction

There are specific diseases that can lead to erectile dysfunction in the long run, such as:

  • Kidney disease
  • Neurological damage
  • Prostate cancer
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Atherosclerosis.
  • Peyronie’s disease

Is ED part of aging?

No, ED is not part of growing older. However, studies reveal that older men tend to be diagnosed with ED more often because they need more stimulation to achieve an erection. But, that can be cured with medications, and they can still be able to get erections. 

When should you consult with a  doctor?

There are certain situations that require immediate doctor’s attention. Alongside, you must visit a heart hospital in Kolkata India, to get an immediate cure.

  • If you have trouble getting an erection or trouble keeping an erection, you must consult with a doctor.
  • Premature or delayed ejaculation should also be a concern of visiting the doctor.
  • If you have any disease that can be linked with ED, such as diabetes, heart disease, or any other health condition, then you must get it diagnosed immediately.

Relation between Heart Disease and Erectile Dysfunction

When discussing erectile dysfunction, it is important to know about the heart and the associated blood vessels. If the blood flow is getting interrupted, blocked, or slowing down in its flow, then it would fail to keep an erection. Now, this only occurs if you have heart disease.

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Any kind of heart problem can change the blood flow as the heart has to work harder so that blood can reach every part of the body. Now, this situation can generate high blood pressure and, thus, damage the blood vessels. 

Further, if you have a blood clot, then it can also result in a similar situation.  Even high cholesterol and irregular heartbeat can also lead to restriction of proper blood flow in the blood vessels. 


When you consult with the doctor about Erectile Dysfunction, you just need to understand whether you have underlying atherosclerosis. If the reports reveal about atherosclerosis, then you are put on a strict diet and exercise. Along with that, you are also asked to quit smoking and drinking, and certain medications are prescribed.

Other than this, if you are diagnosed only with ED, then the most common advice is to maintain a proper lifestyle and have proper medication. Now, this would keep the blood vessel dilated and induce proper blood supply into the penis.

Furthermore, it is also advised that one should not go for nitrate medications in these situations. Because it can increase the risk of the disease. 

Are you suffering from high blood pressure?

If you already have high blood pressure and are on continuous medication, then it can lead to ED. Medications that are meant to reduce blood pressure, such as diuretics, such as hydrochlorothiazide and furosemide, and beta-blockers, such as atenolol and metoprolol have side effects which cause ED, but often. 

In this case, both ED and heart disease need to be cured through appropriate medications that do not increase the risk of any disease. Your healthcare provider will be able to help you out in controlling both problems side-by-side. This might require a series of diagnoses and alterations in medication dose based on the conditions. 


However, if you have Erectile Dysfunction, then it does not always signify that you will also have cardiovascular problems. ED is a sign that helps a doctor to eliminate the risk associated with cardiovascular disease, and this would also help you to lead a healthy life over the years. Consult with the best doctors at ILS Hospitals and experience advanced facilities for immediate treatment.


Viral Gastroenteritis – Can It Risk Your Life?

Intestinal infections have certain signs and symptoms, such as stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, etc. Viral gastroenteritis is a type of intestinal infection that is also commonly known as stomach flu.

It generally occurs if a healthy person comes in contact with an infected person or while consuming contaminated food or water. People with a strong immune system tend to get less affected by viral gastroenteritis and are more likely to recover without complications.

However, there is no proper treatment for viral gastroenteritis. If you get affected, the only way to prevent it is to follow certain restrictions and precautions. So, consult with the top gastroenterologist hospital in Kolkata.

Symptoms of viral gastroenteritis

Often people get confused between stomach flu and influenza. But, both are completely different medical conditions. In the case of flu, your respiratory system gets affected, which includes the lungs, throat, and nose. 

However, in the case of gastroenteritis, your GI tract gets infected, which also includes your intestine.

The symptoms that indicate you are affected by Viral gastroenteritis are:

  • Non-bloody but watery diarrhea in the preliminary stage
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Stomach cramp or excessive stomach pain 
  • Muscle ache and headache
  • Low-grade fever
  • In extreme conditions, if the infection gets severe, it can lead to bloody diarrhea.

After getting infected, usually, viral gastroenteritis symptoms appear within 2 to 3 days. It can range from mild to severe symptoms, lasting for 3 to 4 days. Depending on the condition of the body, it can also exceed more than 15 days

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The symptoms of viral stomach infection and bacterial diarrhea are quite similar but do not get confused between them. Get a proper diagnosis before the treatment to understand the root cause of the disease. 

Cause of Viral gastroenteritis

When you drink contaminated water or eat virus-borne food, you will most likely get Viral gastroenteritis. Even sharing the same towels or utensils with an affected person can lead to this condition.

Viruses that cause gastroenteritis are:

  • Norovirus mainly affects children and also adults. These are generally food-borne and can affect families and communities in one go. If people are living in confined spaces, then Norovirus has a chance of spreading much more quickly. Even touching surfaces contaminated with Norovirus and then putting your hand in your mouth can lead to viral gastroenteritis.
  • Another common cause of viral gastroenteritis is rotavirus. This primarily affects children. Moreover, this virus spreads through objects. If you touch any contaminated object or food, the infection can spread severely among infants and young children. There are no symptoms seen among adults when affected by Rotavirus. However, it can spread illness easily to a healthy person from a person who is unknowingly carrying the virus. 

Other than this, eating raw or uncooked seafood or shellfish can lead to viral gastroenteritis.

What are the complications that are generated due to viral gastroenteritis?

The most common complication is dehydration, where the body loses essential salts and minerals through water loss. Dehydration and vomiting also lead to the removal of fluids from the body.

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If the body starts to lose a huge amount of fluid, it needs to be replaced, so hospitalization is a must. IV is the only way through which one can recover lost fluid content. Otherwise, dehydration can lead to severe consequences.

Who is at risk of getting affected?

  • People of all ages have the chance of getting affected by viral gastroenteritis. However, the more susceptible to gastroenteritis are young children. They become vulnerable while going to a child care center or elementary school because, at this time, they are at the immunity-building stage.
  • Older adults with weak immune systems tend to get affected easily. They carry the germs as well as pass on the germs, too. So, one must go through regular follow-ups at a top gastroenterologist hospital in Kolkata.
  • People who have weak immune systems also get affected easily. If somebody’s resistance to infection has decreased, such as HIV or AIDS patients, people undergoing chemotherapy, or having an auto-immune disease, then they are at risk of getting affected by the gastroenterologist.

Viral gastroenteritis tends to get active based on seasons. So, you need to maintain precautions during situations where they can spread easily to avoid any kind of complications.

When should you see the doctor?

If you are an adult and have been affected by any of the symptoms listed above, then you must immediately get  a thorough check-up. Book an appointment at the top gastroenterologist hospital in Kolkata.

For adults:

Here are the conditions based on which you must immediately consult with a healthcare provider:

  • If fluid loss continues for more than 24 hours.
  • If you have been continuously vomiting for more than 2 days.
  • In case you find stains of blood in your vomit.
  • If you have dehydration symptoms that include excessive thirst, yellow urine or no urine, dry mouth, lightheadedness, and severe weakness.

If you find blood in your ball movements, severe stomach pain that fails to get cured, or fever above 104 Fahrenheit, then you must go to a doctor. Otherwise, it can lead to life-threatening conditions. 

For infants and children:

In the case of infants, you have to monitor the child very carefully. Here are the symptoms based on which you must immediately consult with the top gastroenterologist hospital in Kolkata.

  • If there are signs of stains or blood, along with diarrhea
  • The child is having 102 Fahrenheit fever 
  • The child seems irritated or tired.
  • If the child is going through excessive discount or stomach pain.

Check if the child has become dehydrated and still not drinking water. However, there is excessive thirst, restlessness, dry mouth, urinating, frequent vomiting, etc. Also, check the diaper, whether it has become wet in 6 hours. Other than this, blood in stool, drowsiness, and non-responsiveness symptoms require immediate medical attention.

Precautions and preventions

  • Vaccination: In many countries, gastroenteritis, caused due to rotavirus, can be prevented through vaccination. Vaccination will protect the body from risk and also from turning the symptoms into severe conditions.
  • Proper hygiene: It is important to wash your hands regularly and mostly after you use the toilet and while changing the diapers. Always maintain proper sanitization and wash your hands before preparing or eating food. It is best to use warm water and soap and rub your hand for at least 15 to 20 seconds. You can also use sanitary wipes or hand sanitizer from time to time.
  • Use personal items: You must avoid sharing utensils, that include glasses and plates. Also, maintain a separate towel for the bathroom and try not to share clothes.
  • Avoid close contact if somebody is affected by an intestinal infection. You must maintain a proper distance to avoid getting infected.
  • Clean hard surfaces: It is advised to keep your home hygienic by disinfecting hard surfaces, such as counters. You can prepare a homemade mixture for proper cleaning.
  • Do the laundry daily: Viral gastroenteritis spreads through the laundry. Thus, it is important to wash dirty clothes daily, including bedding. Try to use hot water and dry them properly.


When you have Viral gastroenteritis, it is important to drink fruit and broth, or you can also try sports drinks. This will help to replace the lost fluids and electrolytes that have been drained from your body. 

You can also talk to your doctor and consult about the solutions you can provide to an infant who is still feeding on breast milk. Medicines are also suggested to cure viral gastroenteritis, so ditch over-the-counter medicines and get proper treatment from a doctor. Over-the-counter medicines can lead to increased risk among infants and children.

Usually, doctors prescribe probiotics to treat Viral gastroenteritis, as antibiotics won’t work in this case. Talk to a doctor at ILS Hospitals and get alternative or complementary medicines to help you get cured immediately.

What is Pulmonary hypertension – Causes, Risk factors and Treatment

Pulmonary hypertension is a medical term assigned to “high blood pressure” within the pulmonary arteries. Due to this disease, the blood carried from the heart to the lungs gets reduced. The prime causes are heart disease, lung disease or hypoxia. Thus, if you want to enjoy a healthy life, then early detection of signs and treatment is highly recommended

The symptoms of pulmonary hypertension are quite hard to notice. It develops slowly and takes months or even years to understand whether you have any such disease. However, as the problem progresses, the symptoms start to get worse.

The signs and symptoms of Pulmonary hypertension 

The definite signs of pulmonary hypertension are –

  • Cyanosis, where the lip and skin turn blue. This is accompanied by dizziness and fainting probability. 
  • Chest pain and severe pressure on the chest are felt.
  • Pounding heartbeat, fast pulse and palpitation are also witnessed
  • Fatigue, shortness of breath and unable to walk or work.
  • Short of breath while carrying out daily activities.
  • Swelling in the ankle, leg or abdomen is also known as edema.

What are the causes of pulmonary hypertension?

As we know, the heart has two upper chambers and two lower chambers. All these four chambers are equally important for the blood to pass through the heart and reach the other organs of the body, including the lungs.

However, if the pulmonary artery gets stiff or swollen, then it blocks the blood flowing through the lungs. Other than that, it can even slow down the blood flow. This medical situation is known as pulmonary hypertension.

It can be distinguished into five groups, and the causes are quite different when compared.

Group 1 – Pulmonary arterial hypertension

This is believed to be caused due to genetic disorders and runs through the family. Illegal use of substances or drug abuse can also lead to pulmonary arterial hypertension. Congenital heart diseases that occur from birth or conditions such as HIV infection, connective tissue disorder or chronic liver diseases can lead to this type of hypertension.

Group 2 – Pulmonary hypertension occurring due to left-sided heart disease

If the left-sided heart wall, which is the aortic valve, is affected, then it can lead to pulmonary hypertension. Even complete failure of the left ventricle, the lower left heart chamber, can lead to this disease.

Group 3 – Pulmonary hypertension occurring dur to lung disease

If there is a chronic obstruction or you are suffering from an obstructive disorder, then it can lead to pulmonary hypertension. Even pulmonary fibrosis, where there is a scarcity of air between the two tissues of the lungs, can lead to this problem. Obstructive sleep apnea or exposure to high altitude for a longer period of time can lead to pulmonary hypertension.

Group 4 – Hypertension caused by a chronic blood clot

If you are suffering from pulmonary emboli, which is a chronic blood clot within the lungs, then it can lead to this disease. Even clotting in different parts of the body or if you have a clotting disorder, then also it is a sign that you will subsequently develop pulmonary hypertension.

Group 5 – Pulmonary hypertension triggered by health conditions

If you have thrombocythemia, which is a blood disorder, then it can lead to pulmonary hypotension. Other than this vasculitis or inflammatory disease, metabolic disorder, which includes glycogen storage disease, kidney disease or tumor that is pressing or blocking the pulmonary artery, can lead to pulmonary hypertension.

What is the risk associated with pulmonary hypertension?

According to the research, pulmonary hypertension is mostly seen among people aged between 30 to 60 years. As a person gets older, the risk of developing group pulmonary hypertension increases. On the other hand, the cause of pulmonary hypertension that occurs in younger adults is quite unknown.

  • The risk of pulmonary hypertension multiplies due to family conditions if the disease runs with the family.
  • Blood clotting disorder or having a family history of blood clotting in the lungs.
  • Being overweight or too much exposure to asbestos.
  • Congenital heart disease. 
  • Use of drugs for weight loss or using cocaine. 

Other than this, living at a high altitude or taking medicines, such as serotonin, to treat depression or anxiety can also increase the risk of pulmonary hypertension.

Complications that are associated with pulmonary hypertension

The right side of the heart can get enlarged. Thus, the heart has to work faster and harder to pump blood through the blocked pulmonary artery. This can lead to heart failure, and it also increases the chances of a blood clot within the small arteries in the lungs.

Hypertension can also lead to irregular heartbeats, which are life-threatening. Even bleeding into the lungs or coughing out blood are potential complications associated with the disease. If pulmonary hypertension is developed during pregnancy, it can risk the baby’s life. 

Class division of pulmonary hypertension based on symptoms

As a first symptom, you might witness shortness of breath when you are climbing stairs or walking, which are part of your daily activities. The symptoms can be quite mild at the beginning, but with time, they start to get worse. You will find it difficult to carry on with your daily activities.

Pulmonary hypertension can be divided into 4 classes based on the symptoms noticed. These classifications are done by WHO.

  • Class 1 – Here you don’t have any symptom 
  • Class 2 – Here, when you are resting, you don’t find any symptoms but doing any kind of activity, such as household chores, can lead to shortness of breath 
  • Class 3 – You may feel it harder to carry out the normal task but might get no symptoms while you are resting.
  • Class 4 – The symptoms start showing up even when you are resting, and you are unable to carry out any kind of normal work.

Treatment of pulmonary hypertension

The health provider will conduct a physical examination and also prescribe specific tests to determine and confirm pulmonary hypertension.

You might have to go through several questions based on your health and your family. The medical specialist will check for signs of the lump on your neck and try to determine if any bulging is found. Physical examination is also done to check the size of your liver and signs of edema in your ankles. Blood pressure is measured along with oxygen level.

The test that you have to go through are:

  • Blood test 
  • CT scan 
  • X-ray 
  • Ultrasonography 
  • Pulmonary ventilation test
  • Doppler echocardiography
  • Right-heart catheterization

Other than this, you might also have to undergo a 6-minute walking test. This will reveal how you can perform your daily activities and whether oxygen is circulating throughout your body during exercise.

Based on the test results, treatment for pulmonary arterial hypotension includes medications and therapy. The medications are calcium channel blockers, diuretics, oxygen therapy, pulmonary vasodilator, etc.


If you want to prevent pulmonary hypertension, you must manage the underlying conditions and bring changes to your daily lifestyle. You must make dietary changes, have proper medications, immediately consult the doctor regarding therapy, exercise daily, and quit smoking and drinking. ILS Hospitals offers an advanced and high-end facility to detect and treat pulmonary hypertension.

7 ways to Keep Your Heart Healthy

Heart disease is counted as one of the leading factors causing the death of people across the globe. According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, the most affected area is the US, where heart disease is the reason for the high mortality rate. The most common forms of the disease are heart attack and stroke, which accounts for 80% of the population. Heart disease can occur due to genetic factors, but mostly it is a lifestyle disorder that occurs due to improper and unhealthy living styles. If you witness any sign of heart problems, book an appointment at the best heart hospital in Kolkata India. Heart disease can be prevented, but you need to start early and take care of your heart as early as possible. But, even if you are beyond your 20s, then you can follow these 7 regimes that will help you to keep your cardiac health stable. So, start with modifying your daily routine.

7 Ways to modify your lifestyle and maintain a healthy heart

Lifestyle contributes to developing plaques within the arteries, which lead to blood clot and increases the chances of a heart attack. Consider these healthy habits to keep your heart pumping blood without any restrictions.

Staying physically fit

Through research, it has been found that adults who engage in regular physical activities, which can range from basic to moderate, have fewer chances of developing heart disease. They also suffer less from heart attack and stroke. Daily exercising can help to improve blood pressure, keep it balanced, reduce the chances of a blood clot, stabilize blood sugar levels and also control cholesterol. It is usually advised that you should exercise at least 150 minutes a week (the time span can be modified based on your own capability).

Maintain the blood pressure 

Blood pressure is the main reason that can lead to heart disease. It is a primary symptom that helps you to understand that you might suffer from a heart attack or stroke. High blood pressure (Hypertension) does not have any specific symptoms, but you must get it monitored from time to time. Thus, you need to keep it under control and seek advice from your health provider at the best heart hospital in Kolkata India, from time to time. If prescribed, you might have to take medicines or change your lifestyle.

Maintain a healthy weight

You need to check your BMI repeatedly, and if it signals that you are overweight, then you have to reduce it. Even gaining a little extra weight can put you at risk of getting a heart attack or stroke. Your weight does not directly affect your heart, but it contributes to cardiovascular risk factors, such as Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, sleep disorder and accumulation of cholesterol. However, it is completely a misconception that your body should be deprived of all the fat. You need good fat to keep yourself healthy. So, daily exercise and avoiding junk food can help to maintain a proper weight. Try to monitor your weight and keep it stable; even underweight is not recommended to avoid heart problems.

Eating healthy and balance food

Your daily meal chart should include fruits, vegetables, whole grains and an adequate proportion of carbohydrates, protein and fat. Thus, you must include fish products with high Omega 3 fatty acid content as it has anti-inflammatory properties. Add beans, lenticels and fiber to your diet. Try to avoid drinks that have high sugar content, high calorie or ones having additives and preservatives. Usually, a Mediterranean diet that includes healthy fat and fresh ingredients is recommended by heart health experts. This is also known as the DASH diet. It has been evident that a balanced eating style can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. You can also include healthy fats in your diets, such as seeds, nuts, and avocado. Add products such as eggs and poultry with low-fat composition. However, you need to avoid red meat and processed food.

Limiting the use of alcohol and smoking 

Smoking and drinking are quite injurious to health, and too much of it can increase blood pressure. This affects the blood flow and leads to an increase in blood cholesterol. So, to avoid the risk of a heart attack or a stroke, you must quit smoking and drinking. However, occasionally, one or two drinks in a day or 1 cigarette in a day won’t create any problem. But, if you are already suffering from a heart problem, then you must quit this habit even on special occasions.

Avoid stress and anxiety

In a sedentary life, work pressure has been building up, affecting proper sleep routines. It has also affected getting some time for exercise or taking care of health. Thus, you need to reduce stress in order to avoid heart disease. Try stress-busting strategies, such as relaxation techniques, yoga, meditation, cooking, listening to music or anything you love. Other than this, you can practice deep breathing exercises if you find yourself in any stressful condition or having anxiety. 

Understand the early signs of heart

You must monitor and manage the medical conditions that can lead to the risk of heart disease. There are certain symptoms or common factors, including high pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, gaining weight rapidly etc. These are considered to be symptoms of heart problems. So, you must consult a heart specialist at the best heart hospital in Kolkata India, to keep your heart healthy. They might prescribe medications for the time being to reduce the effect of the components that trigger heart problems.


It is always recommended to get enough sleep at night because it can lead to high blood pressure. This immediately makes it difficult to lose weight. But, on the contrary, when you get proper sleep, your heart rate also goes down, and your hormones are not under stress. This keeps your heart at risk. You must also book an appointment with the best heart specialist at ILS Hospitals to understand the present condition. On-time monitoring can help to reduce severe complications in the near future.

Types of Hernia – Prevention, recovery and aftercare

During the hernia an internal organ protrudes out through any weak spot on the body, and it can either be in the muscle or tissue. There are several types of hernia, such as umbilical hernia. femoral hernia, inguinal hernia, hiatal hernia, etc. But, the real question lies – how important is it to treat a hernia?

According to medical specialists, a hernia must be treated immediately; otherwise, it can lead to life-threatening conditions. So, let’s get to know how you can prevent it. However, if you already have a hernia, then we will guide you on what should be your next step.

What is the cause of hernia?

The primary cause of a hernia is – if there is any weak muscle, which may be due to birth or due to aging, or if you have put any repeated pressure on the abdomen or groin, then it can lead to a hernia. Other than that, unintentional strain can occur due to obesity, pregnancy, or strain on the toilet due to constipation or repeated coughing. This puts pressure on the abdominal cavity, leading to a hernia.

Symptoms of hernia

The general symptoms are that – at the very beginning, you will notice a lump which can be pushed back or disappears when you lie down. The lump reappears only when you are coughing, putting strain during bowel movements, laughing or crying. 

If you ignore this lump, it can lead to a pouch-like appearance with intensive pain. You can also feel pain while lifting, walking or running. An aching sensation can be felt all the time, along with a sensation of bowel obstructions.

However, in the case of a hiatal hernia, there are no such symptoms. Instead, you will feel digestion problems, difficulty in swallowing, heartburn, severe chest pain and regurgitation.

Diagnosing hernia

When you consult with a doctor, the first process is to conduct a physical examination and then you will be prescribed a certain tissue imaging test, such as a CT scan.

Treatment for hernia

The treatment prescribed for hernia is surgery. There are 3 types of surgery that are conducted –

  • Open surgery – A small cut is made into the body, specifically at the location of the hernia, and the protruding tissue is placed at its original position. Finally, the muscles are stitched back together. If required, a mesh is implanted to provide extra support. This procedure requires more time to get cured when compared with the other types of surgery.
  • Laparoscopic surgery – This is quite similar to open surgery; however, the only exception is that the cut is made right outside the abdomen, and surgical tools are used to insert the protruding tissue back in its place. This requires minimal cuts and heals much more quickly.
  • Robotic hernia repair – Here also laparoscope is used to perform the incision, but the surgeon operates the entire surgery through a console. All the surgical instruments are handled by the console, and these are usually performed for smaller hernia or to construct the abdomen wall.

Based on the patient’s condition, condition of the hernia, type of hernia, and previous medical history of the patient, the surgery is recommended and performed.

If the hernia is not treated on time, it can lead to obstructions within the intestine, leading to chronic chest pain, vomiting, stomach pain, nausea, etc. Along with that, a part of the intestine can also get trapped in the lump, and it will restrict the proper blood flow. If this keeps on occurring for a couple of hours, it can lead to tissue death.

Prevent hernia

The best way to prevent hernia is to maintain a healthy life, along with –

  • You must eat healthy food, exercise regularly and maintain your ideal body weight. 
  • Add fruit, vegetables and green to your diet to avoid constipation. 
  • Do not lift heavy weights without consulting with the gym instructor or beyond your capability. 
  • If there is persistent coughing or sneezing, then do consult with the doctor. 
  • Smoking cigarettes can lead to coughing, which triggers a hernia, so avoid smoking.

After hernia surgery 

It is usually advised that the patient can go back home after a few hours after the surgery is done. However, this can extend to the next day or 24 hours, based on the surgical process. However, if there is a chance of developing an infection or if the case is quite critical, then a few more days can be required till the hospital discharges.

Restrictions after the surgery

Mostly there is nothing to fear about, and the patient can resume normal eating and activities within the next 4 to 6 weeks. But, it is strictly prohibited that strenuous exercises should be avoided. If the surgical wounds do not recover properly, then it can lead to complications, such as urine retention, infection, scrotal edema or collection of fluid around the testis. 

So, there are specific doses and don’ts that you need to follow right after the surgery. This will help quicken the recovery phase.

Do’s after hernia surgery

  • Take a brisk walk in the evening or early in the morning.
  • Avoid direct sunlight or working outside at noon.
  • Try to do some stretching exercises.
  • Eat a lot of vegetables, fibers and add a healthy diet to your food list.
  • Drink fresh, hygienic and enough fluid. You can also drink fluid in the form of broth or soup. 

Don’ts after hernia surgery

It is usually said that it takes 4 to 5 weeks to get back to normal activities, but you must take precautions for at least 6 months. This will help to prevent the chances of recurrence of the hernia. So, try –

  • Avoid any heavy lifts or go to the gym for 3 to 4 months. 
  • Avoid smoking and drinking for at least 6 -7 months. 
  • You should not put pressure on your bowel movements. 
  • Try to avoid running on the staircase or any task that requires strenuous activity.


A hernia is not life-threatening, but ignoring the symptoms and not paying attention to its treatment can lead to severe risk. So, you must consult with the best medical facilities of ILS Hospitals for proper treatment. To avoid complications, you must also go for follow-ups, as prescribed, even after the surgery.

Spot a Stroke – 3 Things to Do and Not to Do

A stroke is also referred to as a “brain attack” and every moment is important during these medical situations. You need to act accordingly in order to save someone’s life who is getting a stroke. Usually, the oxygen and blood supply get cut off from the brain, which disrupts the function. Stroke can occur due to a blockage or a clot, or a bursting of a blood vessel. If the stroke is left untold and untreated, then the brain cells die, which leads to a life-threatening situation for the patient. There are various treatments that are advised and recommended to save the person during this critical moment. However, it is also very much essential to take the person to the hospital on time. You can also consult with the best neurologist in Kolkata.

So, let’s get to know how you can help a friend, family member or any acquaintance who is suffering from a stroke.

What are the types of stroke?

Strokes can happen without any warning, and the most affected part is the brain, which can put a halt to the functioning of other organs or any fatal incident.

Strokes are usually of two types:

  • Hemorrhagic stroke: Here the blood vessel gets ruptured, which usually leads to brain bleeding. 
  • Ischemic stroke: This is caused due to a clot, and the blood vessel which carries blood to the brain gets blocked.

Both these types require equal attention and immediate action.

What are the ways to detect a Stroke?

If you do not know about the symptoms of stroke, then a FAST test from National Stroke Association can help you to recognise and act fast. You can also seek help from the best neurologist in Kolkata.

  • F- Face: You need to observe the patient and ask them to smile. If one side is looking drooling, then it is a symptom of stroke.
  • A- Arm: Ask the patient to raise both arms together. If one arm drifts downwards automatically, it is a clear sign of stroke.
  • S- Speech: Try to talk to the person and ask them to reply. If they are unable to process your question or unable to say anything or make a strange sound, then this is a stroke.
  • T- Time: If you observe all these symptoms, you must immediately call for help without waiting a second.

Do’s – When a person is suffering from stroke

If a person is suffering from a stroke then –

Call for help or request an ambulance

Immediately call the helpline number and inform them about the situation. Try to note down the time as soon as you see the symptoms. It is said that to reverse the symptoms of the developing threat, the treatment must start within 4.5 hours of the onset of the symptoms. Advanced therapies and surgeries can be the way out to ease the pressure that is building up in the blood vessels and brain.

Perform a CPR

If necessary, you must perform CPR. However, most patients do not need this. If you see that the person has become unconscious, check the breathing rate, whether it is quite abnormal, and then start CPR before the ambulance reaches the location. If you do not know about CPR, you must perform a repeated and steady chest compression.

Don’t allow the patient to sleep

If the patient is already a stroke survivor, then during the second stroke they might feel sleepy. Do not let the person go to sleep or lie down, talk to them continuously and keep them engaged until the ambulance reaches the location. The patient may feel tired even during the first stroke, but remember that if the person is allowed to sleep, then it can decrease the survival rate. At first, reach out to the primary doctor or the one where the patient usually goes for follow-up. Then, act according to the advice given.

Don’t’s – When a person is suffering from stroke

There are certain restrictions that must be maintained if a person is suffering from a stroke, such as-

Do not give any food or drink

The patient should not be given any kind of food or drink without consulting with the doctors. Stroke can also affect the ability to swallow, and so it can lead to choking or breathing problems. Along with that, it can also lead to chances of development of infections.

Do not give any over-the-counter medicines

You should avoid aspirin, the most recommended over-the-counter medicine to reduce pain. But, remember, the pain caused during stroke is either due to blood clots or vessels bursting. Aspirin acts as a blood thinner which increases the chances of damage. Mostly 80% of the strokes are ischemic, and 20% are hemorrhagic strokes, so without a CT scan, medicine should not be referred.

Never drive the patient to the hospital

Never drive a stroke victim to the hospital. If you find that somebody is severely affected by a stroke, then it is better to call an ambulance or inform the primary doctor. Ambulances have all the essential life-saving treatment facilities to respond to emergencies. So, by the time you drive the patient to the hospital, it might be too late for medications and treatment. Also, you must get information about the hospital and whether it has facilities to treat stroke.

What are the symptoms of stroke?

Strokes can be frightening, and you must always be prepared. It’s all about staying focused and taking immediate action. So, you need to inform the ambulance as quickly as possible to initiate the treatment. 

Every minute counts when a person is suffering from a stroke. If it is left untreated, then it can lead to permanent damage to the brain. So, once you recognise any symptoms, take the patient immediately to the hospital and get an appointment with the best neurologist in Kolkata.

There are various of symptoms, such as –

  • A drool on one side of the face.
  • Difficulty lifting one hand to the full height or using only one hand.
  • Difficult to move one leg or drag the leg while walking.
  • Slurred speech, difficulty talking, thinking or taking any action.
  • Poor vision or unable to see anything clearly.
  • Dizziness, vertigo, imbalance in walking difficulty.

In certain cases, even severe headaches are also noticed, along with severe pain that flows from the right side of your neck. However, headache cannot be taken to be the potential sign of stroke because in most cases strokes are not accompanied by any kind of pain.


You might also notice that in certain situations, within a few minutes, the pain vanishes, but that does not mean you are going to postpone visiting the doctor. These are usually called mini-strokes. These should also be taken seriously as they are signs of severe underlying conditions that can lead to stroke in the future. If you are unable to distinguish whether it was a symptom of stroke, get the situation evaluated by a specialist at ILS Hospitals.

Is your child having strep throat?

Strep throat is most likely to occur in children of 5 to 15 years. However, even children who are below 2 years old can get infected with Strep throat, but the chances are quite rare. The primary cause is a bacterial infection. It is of two types: if it involves the pharynx, it is called strep pharyngitis, and if the infection involves the tonsils, it is called Strep tonsillitis. Usually, pediatrics in Kolkata advise parents to maintain good hygiene and a healthy diet for the child to prevent the chances of getting infected by Strep throat. There is no vaccination available to date to prevent Strep throat, but early detection can help to get cured easily. Let’s get to know how you can detect Strep Throat in your child and the steps that should be taken to get them relief immediately.

What are the symptoms of Strep Throat?

The symptoms that will help you to identify whether your child is suffering from a Strep throat infection are:

  • Pain and discount felt within the throat.
  • Having a raw feeling or not getting a proper sensation of the throat.
  • Solenness of the throat as the pain gets worse.
  • Fever, stomach pain and vomiting all together.
  • Severe headache that lasts for a long time.
  • Painful or swollen neck glands.
  • Scarlet fever rash and this is also known as a sandpaper-like rash.

If the throat is monitored using light, it will show a bright red swollen lump, as well as the tonsils will get covered with pus and appear to be reddish.

How to diagnose Strep Throat?

If you notice more than 3-4 symptoms mentioned above, then it is time to take your child to pediatrics in Kolkata. At first, the doctor will conduct a physical examination and then a test will be suggested to get a confirmation about the infection.

To diagnose the problem, various throat secretions are taken, and a Strep test is done. It is also called the Rapid Strep test, where a cotton swab is used to take the sample from the throat, usually in the form of liquid. It takes merely 5 minutes to get the results.

If the result is positive, then the samples will be sent for a throat culture whose results you can get within 2 to 3 days.

What if Strep throat is left undiagnosed?

If you ignore the problem and think that Strep throat is quite similar to a common cold, then you are completely wrong. It can turn critical over time:

  • It can lead to struggling in breathing, or even the child can clearly speak or cry. 
  • It will lead to difficulty swallowing the liquid.
  • A stiffness is noticed in and around the neck.
  • The child is unable to move the neck like normally they do.
  • Dehydration is quite suspected.
  • The child may have no urine or dark urine.
  • Dehydration in the child can lead to a very dry mouth or no tears.
  • Fever can reach up to 104 Fahrenheit.
  • There is no eagerness to drink water for more than 8 hours 
  • Can’t open their mouth at all or are half open.

Other than these, the child can faint or even be too weak to stand. You can also notice that the child has purple or blood color spots on the body, along with a high fever. A strep throat infection can become a life-threatening emergency if the doctor is not called on time.

How do you understand whether it is just a common cold or Strep throat?

The common cold occurs due to viral infections and mostly due to seasonal changes. It lasts about 4-5 days without any severe symptoms. You might notice a fever and a runny nose. It can be prevented by taking proper precautions. However, pediatrics in Kolkata can help you to get a clear idea. 

The Strep throat symptoms usually start showing within about 3 days, and the child gets trouble swallowing, headache, general discount, loss of appetite, nausea, rashes, etc. These symptoms are completely missing during the common cold.

Is Strep throat infectious?

Strep throat is very infectious and one of the most contagious diseases. It mostly spreads among school-aged or teenage children. It has a high chance of occurring during winter and early spring. Even a simple handshake or sneezing can lead to the spread of the infection.


Maintaining proper hygiene and washing hands before eating can help to prevent the spread of a Strep throat infection. Moreover, it is advised to keep the child at home under complete supervision for at least 3 weeks till they get completely cured. Otherwise, they have the chance to spread the infection among their peers or classmates. 

Even the adults who are taking care of the infected child have a high chance of getting infected. Every crowded area, be it daycare center, schools, or activity camps, increases the probability of spreading the disease.

How to take care of the child during Strep throat?

There are various complications associated with Strep throat. So, it is highly recommended to consult with pediatrics in Kolkata. You need to go by the prescribed antibiotics and not overlook the symptoms. The medicines must be continued till the child gets relief from the pain or gets completely cured.

If the child is over 1 year, then they can shift to a liquid diet that includes chicken broth. If the child is above 6 years, then they can be given lollipops, ice creams, etc. Moreover, if the child is above 8 years, then they are prescribed to gargle with warm water, along with a little bit of salt added to it.

Medicines prescribed during Strep throat

Usually, to subdue the pain, acetaminophen is prescribed, along with Ibuprofen. This helps to fight the infection and reduces the fever. Further, you need to keep a child hydrated from time to time. You need to keep persuading the child to drink adequate fluid, be it in the form of milkshakes or soup. 

It is very much important to maintain a healthy diet that includes a proper proportion of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. In this case, it is usually advised to avoid salty and spicy foods, such as fries, oily food, cold drinks, etc. The doctor prescribes a soft diet where the food has to be broken into simple pieces so that the child has no problem ingesting them.


Strep throat can be cured easily, and all you need to do is follow proper precautions. It is always advised to take the child to a pediatrician if the symptoms appear to be complicated. You can book an appointment with the pediatrics in Kolkata associated with ILS Hospitals. They have been in this field for years and understand the concern and treat the disease accordingly.