4 Most Common Types Of Reconstruction Surgeries

Reconstruction surgery, as the term clearly indicates, is a surgical procedure that addresses and corrects body deformities, that can happen either due to accidental injury, congenital defects or any other illness, including cancer.

Here we present some of the most common reconstruction surgeries.

Hand And Feet Reconstruction Surgery

These surgical procedures are helpful to correct deformities in hands and feet. These are done mostly in order to correct webbed feet, remove extra digits and other congenital defects. Also, these are quite useful to reconstruct the deformities caused by hand and feet cancers. Moreover, any injury or trauma to hand and feet can also be addressed through these surgical procedures.

Breast Reconstruction Surgery

These are a few types of cosmetic surgery, such as breast augmentation surgery, breast reduction surgery, breast lift surgery and all. Though many people believe that breast surgeries are just for enhancing the beauty and more attractive body contour, breast reconstruction surgery is quite useful after a mastectomy (surgical removal of breasts to treat cancer), both physically and psychologically.

Cleft Lip And Palate Repair Surgery

Cleft lip and palate are the two most common congenital defects in babies. These two defects can either occur separately or together. It requires reconstruction surgery to correct these. In fact, in case these repair surgery is availed at a young age, the scars almost get dissolved by the time the child reaches around the age of puberty.


Rhinoplasty is more commonly known as nose-job. It is a cosmetic surgery that fixes the deformity and corrects a misshaped nose. Though it is often considered only to improvise the facial feature of the individual, rhinoplasty does more than that. A misaligned nose can also lead to hindrance in breathing, making rhinoplasty a crucial procedure.

Apart from these reconstruction surgeries, having scar revision, microsurgery and flap procedure is quite common as well. Scar revisions are done in order to enhance the natural appearance of skin, which has been scarred either due to any surgical procedure or accident. The microsurgery and flap procedure, on the other hand, is done in order to replace the skin of the body that has been damaged due to accident, illness or surgery.

Even if, reconstruction surgery might not be able to restore the exact appearance of any body part or a scar, it improvises overall appearance significantly. Thus it helps the individual both physically, aesthetically and psychologically.

The Major Types Of Cosmetic Surgery In The Twentieth Century

The history of medical surgery dates back as early as 500 BC, though the exact timeline is a matter of debate. So, several people believe cosmetic surgery to be extremely recent.

However, it is very far from the actual fact. Multiple records prove that the domain of plastic and cosmetic surgery has existed in the world since a long time.

However, with the time, it has improved a lot. Presently, in India, it is one of the most frequent elective surgical procedures and cosmetic surgery is solving several aesthetic issues with the surgical approach.

Cosmetic Surgery

Here we present the list of the most prevalent plastic and cosmetic surgery procedures in Kolkata-

  1. Rhinoplasty- Most commonly known as the nose job. It changes the appearance of the nose.
  2. Rhytidectomy- It is a Facelift procedure that tightens the jowls and neck.
  3. Facial Implants- It tightens the facial features and makes the cheek or chin look more prominent.
  4. Blepharoplasty- It is the procedure to tightening the eyelid.
  5. Breast Reconstruction- Rebuilds the breast after diseases like cancer
  6. Changing Breast size and appearance– Enhances or reducing the size of the breast
  7. Mastopexy- Tightens the skin of the breast to improve the contour
  8. Gynecomastia- Resection reduces the size of large breasts in men and improves chest contour.
  9. Liposuction- It removes extra fat from the fat zones such as hips, thighs, buttocks, belly etc
  10. Abdominoplasty- It is more commonly known as tummy tuck. It removes extra fat and thereafter tightens the skin.
  11. Mini-Abdominoplasty- A similar surgery like the previous one. It removes the lower abdominal pouching
  12. Skin resurfacing- Smoothes the skin with the help of laser, or other similar techniques
  13. Hair transplantation- Treats pattern baldness of both male and female.
  14. Arm lift- It tightens the skin layer of the upper arm and fixes any lose skin bags
  15. Otoplasty- Ear pin back. It brings the ears closer to the head
  16. Scar revision surgery- Improves the appearance of scars

A plastic or cosmetic surgery is the surgical approach that helps to alter the contour and appearance of the body and improvise the physical attributes. As a result, the self-esteem and mental image changes as well and overall, it helps the individual to lead a more confident life ahead.

How Rhinoplasty Helps you Breathe Better?

We have lots of internal as well as external organs that are present in pairs. Some people assume it is there for symmetry, but in reality, each of these paired organs is vital. But unfortunately, some of the individuals live with a defected one in the paired organ. Besides compromising the overall aesthetic, it challenges the function of the organ altogether. Often cosmetic surgery is needed to correct it.

One of the most carried out cosmetic surgery in Kolkata is rhinoplasty. Rhinoplasty is the surgery of readjusting and reshaping of the nose. The nose is located on the face, it has two nostrils that facilitate the inflow of air. The shape of the nose is a combined factor of nasal bones and cartilages, especially the septal cartilage that separates the nostrils.

rhinoplasty surgery

There are two types of this particular surgery – functional and cosmetic rhinopasty. The functional rhinoplasty alters the air passage without changing the external appearance. This one is mostly employed by the people who want a better biological result. The cosmetic Rhinoplasty on the other hand, does the opposite. It alters only the external aesthetics without compromising the internal setup. This one is mostly employed by the people who wants better physical results.

Most of the people assume that these are only for the wealthy ones who get it done in order to look more beautiful. In reality, it is often more like a need rather than a fancy desire.

A misaligned nose on the outside may just look odd, but on the inside it may cause some serious blockage in the airway. These anatomic blockages can either be congestion or obstruction. In such cases, functional rhinoplasty becomes essential. It is also known as nasal valve repair. It is done primarily to relieve the patient from breathing as well as from nasal disorders.

rhinoplasty surgery

These surgeries are carried out either through end nasal approach (which is done from inside the nose) or through open rhinoplasty. In each of the surgery, the cartilage of the nose is straightened and reshaped. The cartilage is extracted from the patient’s own body, to support the internal structure of the nose.

After the surgery, the patient’s nasal blockage is permanently resolved. This new arrangement facilitates increased airflow and hence improves breathing conditions. Thus, Cosmetic Surgery contributes to the patient not just in terms of appearance, but also overall health conditions.