Common Gynecological Problems Faced by Women of Different Age Groups

Aging is a natural progression for both men and women and it helps them acquire new experience and expertise. However, it also brings new challenges to health-wise. Today, we are going to discuss what gynecological problems women go through, at different phases of life.

Gynecological Problems During Adolescence

1. Delayed Puberty

There is no fixed to start having periods, but if it does not starts by the age of 11, it is best to seek a doctor. Though many young girls start having a period at the age of 14 or so, lack of periods can also happen due to the absence of uterus, by birth. An expert gynecologist can verify the same and advice accordingly.

2. Menstrual Disorder

There can be several types of issues with the menstrual cycle. Heavy periods, scanty periods and irregular periods are most common. Mostly it can be addressed well with a healthy diet, active lifestyle and taking adequate rest in between. However, it is still best to keep track of it and seek consultation from a gynecologist.

3. White Discharge

Though white discharge is very common among women of childbearing age, it can be a bit heavy and troublesome for young girls. Maintaining proper hygiene is required, along with doctor’s advice, if needed.

4. Abnormal Facial Hair

During a young age, many young girls develop facial hair due to hormonal disbalance, which can be devastating for her self-image. Often it gets better with age, but still, it is wise to seek an expert opinion, cause many a time, it does require treatment to fix it.

Gynecological Problems During Adult Age

1. Infertility

The inability to have a successful natural conception or to carry a pregnancy is termed as infertility. Often it is due to some lifestyle factor such as smoking, overweight which can be resolved. However, infertility often occurs due to some more severe hormonal or gynecological conditions, which requires extensive fertility treatment from expert doctors.

2. PCOS

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common hormonal issues among women of childbearing age. It becomes more prominent and problematic during this phase. It starts to interfere with everyday life and other gynecological aspects of the body. Thankfully, it can be treated effectively with medication, lifestyle change, and surgery, if required.

Read more: 5 Facts About PCOS Every Women Should Be Aware Of

Gynecological Problems During Later Age

1. Menopause

It is the natural decline and eventually cessation of reproductive life. Though it is inevitable for every woman, it brings a hard time for many women, either physically, or emotionally, or both. It can be easily treated and thus, women should consider it if they feel they need help.

2. Gynecological Cancer

Gynecological cancers are yet another problem among older age grouped women. Cancer of Breasts & Uterus is more commonly diagnosed in older women as compared to the younger groups. Often it is due to aging and sadly, many a time, it is because of ignoring symptoms of the same for years. Either way, it should be treated form an expert gynecologist or oncologist at the earliest.

All the women are advised to keep track of their health routine, especially after attaining puberty. Availing well-women health check-up package once every 2-3 years is an excellent way of ensuring the same. Seek medical help if any alarming symptoms appear. Stay healthy, and always remember-

“There is a pain in being a woman, yes, but there is pride in it, too”.

-Mary Pauline Lowry

FNAC – How It Works And Helps Towards Detection Of Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is a leading cause of death among women all around the globe. The scenario is equally frightening in Indian as well. The detection of malignancy in the breasts happens in later stages in India, and that is why breast cancer treatment is not very effective for many women.

Timely screening can confirm whether or not it is a case of cancer and thereby, the suitable treatment can be pursued, if needed.

Gynecologists recommend that every woman above the age of 30 should pay attention to any changes that occur in their breasts. Let’s understand about one such crucial screening, the FNAC, in details.

What is FNAC?

FNAC stands for Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology. It is a diagnostic screening that can detect the malignancy in the breast tumor. It can also be used to aspirate a known cyst, by pricking and collecting fluid. It is done to remove the cyst completely or to relieve discomfort and pain that is quite common for large cysts.

How FNAC is carried out?

FNAC uses a thin needle to penetrate the breast tissue to reach the site of the tumor. The exact position of the cyst or tumor can be detected using ultrasonography and the needles are guided accordingly. It collects some cells or fluid as a sample. The sample collected is then sent to the laboratory to investigate its nature further.

This usually does not require any anesthesia, because even if the procedure requires pricking the breast with needles, the pain is bearable. However, it might require the same, if a solid system is concerned, which required multiple aspirations, in a single screening procedure.

How FNAC helps to detect breast cancer?

Prescribing an FNAC does NOT mean the doctor suspects breast cancer. In fact, mostly it is the opposite. Usually, when they come across any lump during a physical exam and suspect it to be a harmless, benign tumor, the first thing they recommend is the ultrasound and closely followed by FNAC.

The reason for recommending USG as foremost screening is simply to get the exact location of the lump. The FNAC test simply rules out the possibility of cancer. In case, it shows hints of malignancy, a biopsy is then recommended, which confirm the presence and type of malignancy.

So, why does the gynaecologist, does not recommend biopsy in the first go itself? Well, simply because FNAC is less invasive than a biopsy. A biopsy requires proper anesthesia as is a little more severe and sort of unnecessary for benign tumors.

What happens after FNAC confirms the nature of the tumor?

Well, if it shows malignancy, which is quite rare, the gynecologist is likely to refer the patient to an oncologist for advanced breast cancer treatment. In case its benign tumors, it can either be aspired to relived discomfort or left intact in the place (unless it projects any more trouble in the future) or it can be removed by surgery anyway.

For more information, if required it is wise to get in touch with a gynaecologist and discuss the possibilities.

5 Common Complications Faced By Pregnant Women

Carrying another life inside you is both a blessing as well as the most challenging task. Thankfully the expert gynecologist and obstetricians help you thoroughly for the same. In fact, maternity hospitals are all equipped to make this experience as comfortable and safe as possible. But there are certain complications that might make it difficult though. Here we present some complications that may arise during pregnancy.

1. Hypertension

It is also known as high blood pressure. It occurs when the blood flowing in the blood vessels exerts too much pressure. This happens when these vessels get narrowed due to some reason. This causes hindrance for the blood to reach the placenta (which provides oxygen and nutrition to the baby). This deprivation for long can cause a slower growth of the baby and can also uplift the chances of preterm labor.

2. Gestational Diabetes

It is a rather unique type of diabetes in which a pregnant woman, with no history of high blood sugar gets diagnosed with it. Even though most of the time gestational diabetes get resolves on its own, after childbirth, it uplifts the probability of several other complications during pregnancy and thus its constant treatment is required. Also, it makes the mother susceptible to diabetes in the future, so she should keep her sugar level in check.

3. Preeclampsia

It is a rather serious condition which has quite severe effects. Its causes are often unknown, but it can be a more likely scenario in case of the first pregnancy or in the case the mothers is obese or is older than 35, or carrying multiple babies or have suffered from the same condition in her previous pregnancy.

It is characterized by exceptionally high blood pressure and in case if it is left untreated it can cause organ damage.

4. Placenta Previa

As already discussed, placenta nourishes your baby before birth. The placenta is usually attached to the top of the uterus and in case of this complication, it slides down. It can cover the cervix (right on the birth canal) either partially or totally. Needless to say, it can cause a hindrance during childbirth and can make it strained labor for the mother and somewhat risky for the baby. It can be diagnosed accurately during a pre-natal scan. Extensive treatment under an expert obstetrician is crucial for such cases.

5. Severe Vomiting and Nausea

Morning sickness is quite common among expecting mother. It is characterized by feeling nausea and voting in the early morning, particularly during the first trimester. Its severe form is called hyperemesis gravidarum and it causes extreme nausea and vomiting along with weight loss, dehydration, fainting and loss of appetite that often need extensive treatment in some maternity hospital.

Good prenatal care is highly recommended for every pregnant woman along with timely medication and prenatal screening. It can ensure that any pregnancy-related complications can be addressed and treated effectively on time. Come at ILS Hospitals to have a safe pregnancy and childbirth ahead.

How Pregnancy Makes Hernia A Likely Possibility In The Future

Pregnancy is joyous news for every parent-to-be. However, it might bring several complications, either during pregnancy or after childbirth. Being in touch with best maternity hospitals will ensure that you can deal with these complications, effectively. However, some complications such as hernia can surface at any point in time, during or even after pregnancy period. Before understanding their connection, let’s understand what a hernia is.

What Is A Hernia?

A hernia is a medical condition in which a portion of the intestine or internal tissue pushes through the outer membrane. This can happen to any individual, however, there are many risks facts that makes its occurrence more likely. These risk factors include previous surgery or injury, previous hernia, pregnancy, obesity, and many others. Though hernia is not life-threatening in its early stages, it can lead to a severe complication, if it is left untreated for long.

How Pregnancy And Hernia Are Related

A hernia can lead to extra pressure built up in the abdomen, which is inevitable during pregnancy. Thus, there is always some chances of developing hernia for women during pregnancy. The protruded belly button during pregnancy mostly resolves after childbirth. However, many a time, it stills stays protruded as a warning sign of a hernia in the near future.

Though even a single pregnancy is a risk factor of hernia, the chances increase with multiple babies, as twins, triplet or more will, obviously exert more abdominal pressure. Moreover, having multiple pregnancies uplift the chances of hernia, particularity if the previous baby was born with the help of cesarean delivery.

Many a time, a hernia can bulge during labor as well. It is particularly true for a natural birth, as the pregnant women need to exert Herculean amount of pressure to deliver the baby. This push can also prompt a hernia simultaneously or pretty soon enough.

When Can Hernia Occur, After Pregnancy?

Sometime a hernia can appear soon after birth, or even during pregnancy. But is might onset after quite some time after childbirth. Sometimes, the hernia is a result of secondary factors such as long-term weight gain after pregnancy as well. Nevertheless, the risks of having hernia are associated with previous childbirth.

What Should Be Done?

Though neither every pregnancy leads to hernia nor every hernia occurs due to pregnancy, they are sometimes interrelated. This is why every woman who gave birth in the past should be aware of even the minute changes in their body. A visible lump should be treated as a hernia. A thorough, physical examination is often adequate to determine its nature.

Hernia treatment usually comprises of hernia repair surgery itself. This surgical procedure pushes the protrusion back in the cavity and stitches the site close. In some cases, if the opening is quite big, the surgeon uses a surgical mesh to mitigate the possibility of hernia in the future.

ILS Hospitals offers quality hernia treatment to resolve it permanently for good. For more information, visit us today!

What Is Painless Delivery And How It Is Carried Out

The wonderful journey of motherhood begins with pregnancy and childbirth is a crucial event in it. Babies are coming into the earth since the dawn of humankind, sometimes with little to no assistance, all through natural birth. Gradually came the technique of cesarean birth, which offered some advantages for complicated birth. Nowadays, ‘painless delivery’ is being offered by many advanced obstetrician and maternity hospitals. Let’s understand what painless delivery is and how it is carried out.

The labor phase is a painful and traumatic experience for many mothers. The birthing method is a crucial factor for the same, but it also depends on the pain tolerance level of the mother and overall conditions. But thankfully, the expert obstetricians and medical science can help ease the pain these days, with the help of ‘painless delivery.’

What Is Painless Delivery?

Painless delivery is sort of a ‘nickname’ for a natural birth with the administration of a special drug called epidural. Epidural reduces pain significantly in a specific area. In case of labor, it is administrated right in the spine, cause a somewhat numbness in the lower part of the body. With epidural in your system, you are still awake and feel the contraction and can push your baby.

It is induced for natural birth as per the will of the mother or as necessity felt by the doctor. It is also administrated in case of carrying out a C-section. Even though some minor risks such as back pain, fever, and headaches are associated with the epidural, they are extremely rare and poses no long term complications.

Is Painless Delivery totally Painless?

Well, definitely not. While you are welcoming your little baby in the world, it is inevitable to feel some pain. With no epidural, the magnitude of this pain is tremendously high for many mothers. This magnitude can be significantly reduced with the administration of the epidural. With less severe labor pain, you can concentrate more on giving birth and make it a comfortable experience altogether.

Should You Consider Getting A Painless Delivery?

There is no definite yes or no answer for the same. You, along with your partner and obstetrician need to discuss all the possibilities of birth. However, in case you have a low tolerance for pain or becoming a mother for the first time, you should definitely be aware of the same and consider it as one of the options.

Hormonal Issues Faced By Women After Menopause

In this forever changing the world, ‘change’ is the only constant. It is particularly effective when aging is considered. Even though many illnesses keep surfacing through any age, some conditions strike due to aging. Menopause is one such condition that can cause many problems for women going through this stage. Menopause is the transition that marks the end of the reproductive age of a woman.

Today, we will talk about the hormonal issues faced by women after menopause and what needs to be done to address them, as per gynecologists.

There are two particular female hormones, namely estrogen and progesterone in the body. The overall balance and level of these hormones regulated and influence the menstrual cycle and fertility cycle. Their level decreases significantly during the menopause and as a result, it affects the overall health severely. For many women, these effects stay only for a short period of time and for many it stays effective for many years to come.

Symptoms Of Post-Menopausal Condition

Some of the most experienced symptoms of menopause are as follows-

  1. Irregular Periods Or Spotting
  2. Mood Swings Without Any Particular Reason
  3. Hot Flash Or Night Sweats
  4. Insomnia
  5. Tenderness And Lethargy
  6. Brain Fog And Feeling Out Of Focus
  7. Lack Of Interest In Intimacy
  8. Experiencing Pain Or Dryness In Intimate Regions

Many women become more susceptible to other conditions such as weight gain, osteoporosis, cardiac ailments, etc. However, the most severe effects often constrain in the mind and require long term medical care.

What Is To Be Done To Address It?

As per many studies, the emotional turmoil is more prevalent among women in western countries, as menopause is considered as a sign of aging. Thankfully, in southern Asian countries, like in India, not many women severely suffer (emotionally) due to menopause, as socially and physiologically, aging often is considered as a mark of wisdom. Though many women find this transition quite easy to deal with, gynecologists acknowledge this as a medical condition and advise to seek treatment in case one is struggling with any discomfort.

Our expert Gynecologist offers effective treatment to the women dealing with the postmenopausal syndrome. Often medication is adequate to deal with the physical symptoms, however, for the mental and behavioral ones, they can also recommend therapy. Moreover, as mentioned earlier that menopause brings many secondary conditions, as a likely scenario, so it is crucial for post-menopausal women to keep their overall health in check as well.

Why Women Should Undergo Regular Health Checkup

It is hard to be a woman. You must think like a man, act like a lady, look like a young girl and work like a horse.”

Being a woman is indeed quite challenging. Amidst the daily hard life, most women tend to ignore their own health. However, this is a poorly thought and executed habit that often ends up badly. Our expert gynecologists and obstetricians always remind people to prioritize their own health first, before prioritizing their family or their career.

Some Illnesses Affects Women Exclusively

Due to several anatomical and biological factors, some illness affects only women, such as gynecological cancers, postpartum depression and some complications due to hormonal imbalance etc. Moreover, many illnesses are more prevalent among women, such as heart diseases, breast cancer, osteoporosis etc. In either way, it calls out for women to take extra care of themselves.

Enduring Symptoms Does ‘No Good’

Many women, particularly living in rural and semi-urban places often encounter some medical discomfort (often related to gynecological health), but sadly they keep enduring it, until the time, it becomes unbearable. The reasons are mostly due to some taboo or financial constraint. Our expert gynecologists and obstetrician encounter such cases regularly and they strictly advise against it. Taboo should have no place to interfere with one’s health and life also treating most conditions in its early stages are often quite affordable (as compared to later stages, which requires extensive treatment and surgery).

Always Remember – Timely Treatment Makes Huge Difference

No matter how complex any condition is, it is often possible to resolve it better, if they are treated on time. During the early stages, most medical conditions can be addressed effectively with mild treatment approaches. Things start to complicate when the condition left undiagnosed (and thereby untreated) for a prolonged period of time. Needless to say, the best way to ensure timely treatment is periodic screening.

At ILS Hospitals we thrive to offer every woman, a complete health care solution. Keeping this in mind, we have designed the Well Women Check Up package that offers the following screenings:

  1. Complete Haemogram with ESR
  2. Fasting Blood Sugar
  3. PAP smear
  4. Thyroid Profile
  5. Urine R/E
  6. USG Breast Screening for female below 40 yrs
  7. Chest X-Ray PA View
  8. USG Whole Abdomen screening
  9. ECG

We understand that it is often difficult for many individuals to draw meaningful conclusions from the reports. Thus, we offer a Gynecologist Consultation with this package. Ensure a healthy life ahead by availing this health package.

Visit us today to book your package.

All About Ovarian Cysts You Need To Know

There are several gynecological complications that affect the health of women. It is crucial to get in touch with an expert gynecologist in case any symptom of discomfort persists. Let’s have a brief introduction to one such common gynecological condition, the ovarian cysts.

Ovarian Cysts – What Are They

Ovaries are a pair of organs in the female reproductive system. They are located on each side of the uterus, in the lower abdomen. Ovarian cysts are solid or fluid-filled cavity sacs that can develop into either one or both ovaries.

Symptoms Of Ovarian Cysts

The most common symptoms of cysts are as follows-

  1. Pelvic Pain During Menstrual Cycle
  2. Abdominal Swelling
  3. Pain While Passing Urine Or Bowel
  4. Tenderness In Breasts
  5. Nausea And Vomiting
  6. Pain In Lower Back Or Legs
  7. Dizziness
  8. Fever
  9. Breathlessness

However, in many cases, the cysts project no bothersome symptoms and thus remain unnoticed.

Complication Of Ovarian Cysts

Majority of the cysts get resolved on its own and often requires no treatment. However, there may be some compilations associated in some cases. Some of the same are as follows-

  1. Ovarian torsion is a condition when a large cyst makes the ovary dislocates from its original place, causing a blood supply cut off.
  2. Ovarian rupture is pretty much self-explanatory, in which the cyst burst and spills the infectious content
  3. Having cancerous cystic ovarian mass in the cysts indicates malignancy within the cyst.

These complications require immediate medical attention as ignorance can lead to severe consequences later on.

Thereby it is crucial to know the symptoms of the same very carefully, some of which are as follows

  1. Unexplained Weight Loss
  2. Loss Of Appetite
  3. Random Changes On Menstrual Cycle
  4. Persistent Pelvic Pain
  5. Abdominal Discomfort Or Fullness

In case multiple symptoms are simultaneously arising and causing much pain and discomfort, it might be a silent indication of an underlying cyst complication. It requires seeking immediate medical attention.

Diagnosis Of Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts can be diagnosed through the following screenings-

  1. Routine or recommended pelvic examination
  2. Ultrasonography
  3. MRI
  4. CT scan

It is important to avail these diagnostic screening timely to ensure a timely treatment in turn. Even though the cysts do not pose any severe threats, it is always wise to have an accurate diagnostic to re-ensure the same.

Treatment Of Ovarian Cysts

The treatment approach depends largely on the size and severity of the cysts. Some cysts resolve on its own, while some other requires medical intervention. It includes prescribing oral medication, birth control pills and surgical means like laparotomy.

Avail quality treatment and diagnosis of ovarian cysts at ILS Hospitals.

A Brief Introduction To MIGS (Minimally Invasive Gynecological Surgery)

Today, we live in the advanced medical era when we have numerous approaches to gynecological treatment. We have powerful drugs and injections that can offer excellent treatment for many medical conditions, however, for some illness and condition, having the need for surgery is irreplaceable. Even though traditional open surgery has an immense contribution towards overall healthcare, it does have several complications associated with it as well. Thankfully, laparoscopic surgery has emerged to offer the best results in surgical till date. So, let’s have a brief introduction to Minimally Invasive Gynecological Surgery (MIGS).

As the term clearly indicates, MIGS is a gynecological procedure carried out through a minimal incision, unlike the open surgical technique where the procedures are executed by making a large incision near the lower abdomen.

Procedure of MIGS

The MIGS initiates by making a few minute incisions, (as small as 1/8th of an inch) near the belly button. Through these orifices, the doctor inserts some carbon dioxide gas to create a working space for the operation.

A thin instrument called the laparoscope is inserted inside the cavity along with a camera, cold light source, and other necessary equipment. The camera capture the real-time visuals of the cavity. Along with the movement of the laparoscope, the surgeon carries out the procedure effectively and then the instruments are removed after completion.

Advantages of MIGS Over Open Surgery

The benefits of laparoscopic gynecological surgery are the same as that of any laparoscopic surgery. These are as follows-

  1. Better Aesthetics Due To Much Lesser Scarring
  2. Lesser Risk Of Surgical Complications Such As Bleeding, Clotting, Infection
  3. Lower Chances Of Need For Blood Transfusion
  4. Much Shorter Hospitals Stay
  5. Quicker Resume Of Daily Life Activities

These benefits make it a more preferred surgery technique and needless to say, it is substituting the traditional open gynecological surgery significantly.

Scope of MIGS

Some of the most common minimally invasive gynecological procedures that are carried out are as follows-

  1. Laparoscopic Hysterectomy And Hysteroscopy
  2. Laparoscopic Myomectomy
  3. Microlaparoscopic Pain Mapping
  4. Laparoscopic Cerclage Placement
  5. Removal Of Ovarian Cysts Or Ovaries
  6. Removal Of Fallopian Tube Devices

Apart from performing surgeries, the minimally invasive technique can also be used to carry out other medical procedures such as diagnostic investigation and gynecological biopsy etc. or to evaluate the extent of any illness or effectiveness of any treatment.

At ILS Hospitals, we offer extensive treatment for any gynecological and obstetrics condition. Our expert gynecologists and obstetricians offer the best treatment along with the advanced gynecological procedures.

5 Facts About PCOS Every Women Should Be Aware Of

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which a woman’s body starts to secrete male-sex hormones in a much higher level than ideally should be. As a result, it starts interrupting menstrual cycles and makes the chances of natural conception quite challenging. Here we present some useful facts as per the gynecologists that every woman should be aware of. So let’s begin.

Fact 1 – PCOS Will Leave You More Tired Than You Can Imagine

PCOS not only stresses gynecological health but overall health as well. It makes them feel drenched of energy and experience persistent fatigue. For many women, this severe lethargy lasts particularly during the menstruation cycle, while for others it is pretty much the same, in general.

Fact 2 – PCOS Is Quite Common

In case someone is dealing with PCOS and have to take the day off, while their peers are enjoying everyday life, it is impossible ‘not be feel burdened’ by this unwanted condition. But it the reality, PCOS is a very common condition among women of childbearing age, as per gynecologists. In fact, many women live with PCOS that often stays undiagnosed as they lead a normal life.

Fact 3 – PCOS Cannot Be Cured. But It Can Be Treated

As per gynecologists, medical science is yet to find a complete cure for PCOS. However, good hospitals offer quality treatment for it. This includes managing symptoms by following a balanced diet, taking prescribed supplements and leading a healthy life overall.

Fact 4 – PCOS Needs Prolonged Treatment

As already mentioned, PCOS cannot be cured. Thus, it is crucial to avail its treatment for a prolonged period of time. As PCOS is considered as a condition affecting the women of childbearing age, so they let their guard down when they pass this stage. However, it is highly recommended to keep treating the symptoms even when they hit menopause or are currently pregnant.

Fact 5 – Natural Conception Is Possible Even With PCOS

Though it is common for women with PCOS to struggle to have a baby without any medical aid but it is NOT impossible. Many women successfully conceive even with PCOS. Besides, with advanced artificial reproductive techniques, the chances of having a successful conception are quite high.

At ILS Hospitals, our expert gynecologists offer the best treatment for women dealing with PCOS and other gynecological conditions effectively.