Kidney Donation & Transplant in India
In India, about 120 kidney transplant centres are conducting nearly 4000 kidney operations every year. The transplanting of kidneys started in 1970. Since then, India has been a prominent country in this stream of treatment. Initially, during the first ten years, doctors tried to master immune suppression and surgical techniques. It was a great success, and the number of kidney transplants increased.
Organ donation and transplantation became common in later years. Since many illegal organ donations were made, the government approved the Transplantation of Human Organ Act to stop unlawful selling & buying of organs. This act proposed that only deceased donation is legal.
Laws and Rules for Transplanting and Donating Kidney
The government of India passed a new rule along with the main requirements of the Transplantation of Human Organ Act. It includes the following.
1 – Living Donation
The relatives of the patients like father, mother, sister, son, daughter, and spouse can donate a kidney. Likewise, grandparents have also been added to the list in the new publication. It is mandatory to provide the relationship proof of the first relative by undergoing a genetic test or providing legal documents. In case if the donor is not a first relative, you will need special permission from the committee appointed by the government. An interview will also be conducted to prove the purpose.
2 – Brain-Death
There are two certificates to prove brain–death. And the two must be nominated by the proper authority of the government and the doctors. One of the persons nominating the certificate should be a specialised neurologist.
3 – Instruction of transplant activities by creating an AC (Authorization Committee) and AA (Appropriate Authority)
Every state and union territory of India will have these rules. The role of the AC is to control the process of arrangement to favour or reject kidney transplants between the donors and the recipient other than a first-degree relative. One of the main intentions is to assure that the donor is not demoralised for financial consideration to donate a kidney. The Authorization Committee will check the joint application and interview them to content the motive.
Now the removal of the kidney, storing, and transplantation is taken care of by the Appropriate Authority. Every hospital cannot undergo these procedures as it is required for the AA to approve the hospitals. The AA will only allow a hospital to conduct a kidney or any other organ transplantation after a detailed inspection.
The inspection will continue regularly to confirm that the hospital follows the proper standards and quality of kidney transplantation and aftercare. Once the AA is satisfied with the hospital’s facilities, a license will be issued for 5 years and renewed later.
The number of diabetic patients in India is growing drastically, which can result in severe kidney failure. One important thing to do is to try to prevent kidney problems. If a person suffers from kidney failure, it should be diagnosed at an early stage to treat it with medications. You can consult top nephrologists for a kidney transplant in Kolkata India, in case of failure.
The Transplant Registry Records says that more than 2.5 lakh people suffer from the last stage of kidney failure. A few of them undergo dialysis, and some are under heavy medications. If the deceased donation rate increases, it will help a lot of patients suffering from kidney failures. For further inquiries and assistance, you can visit https://www.ilshospitals.com/.
How to Reduce Drying Skin and Hair During Winters?
Dry skin and hair during winters is a common problem we are all aware of. The low humidity indoors and outdoors doesn’t let our skin retain sufficient moisture, and in turn, it starts cracking. Dandruff is another primary concern and contributes to lowering our confidence. Fortunately, there are many cost-effective ways in which you can take good care of your skin during the chill season effortlessly without splurging money on expensive products.
Homemade Moisturizing Mask and Lotion
There is no need to spend a lot of money on moisturizing products because everything you need is already present in your kitchen. Coconut, being an excellent moisturizing agent, is a cure for both dry skin and hair. Honey and lemon mixed to make a perfect peel mask for dry skins. An avocado mask will also work as a hydrating item and will leave your skin soft and glowing. As you can get these products at home and there are no chemicals involved, you don’t have to worry about the side effects.
Humidifiers are the perfect way to maintain a fair amount of moisture in the air. It regulates the moisture when the weather is drying. Keeping the cool air setting on is probably for the best.
Even when it is winter, you need to bathe regularly while exfoliating your skin gently.
Dry skin mostly composes of dead cells and it is best to remove them. Try using natural, homemade scrubs as chemical-based scrubs might cause extra dryness.
Avoiding Harsh Cleansers
Face Washes and body washes with fragrance are generally hard cleansers. The chemicals present in such products make your skin drier and result in cracking. Use soaps and cleansers which are sulfate-free.
Use Oils and Water
Your dry skin and hair are indicative of less hydration in your body. To prevent that, use more oils like olive oil, coconut oil, almond oil, etc. These have multi-benefits and could be used in both cooking and applying on the skin and hair to provide nutrition.
Drink as much water as you can. It’s difficult because your body fools you during the cold weather, and as you don’t sweat much, you don’t feel like drinking as much water. But the outer environment has less moisture content, and so you should double your usual water intake.
Consumption of Dry Fruits
Dry fruits are great warming agents. They also contain vitamins and minerals that provide nutrition to your body. As dry fruits like almonds and walnuts provide strength to hair and deliver the necessary proteins, you should consume them daily to prevent dryness.
Choice of Laundry and Shampoo Cleaners
Use the laundry detergents, which are fragrance-free as they would not cause unnecessary irritation to your skin, transforming into cracking and scaling. As for shampoo, use sulfate-free ones. Reduce the use of heat devices on hair and provide proper conditioning. Include oiling in your haircare routine.
Taking care of skin and hair during winters is a challenging task. You need to maintain a balanced diet and incorporate vitamin-rich food ingredients in your meals to provide sufficient nutrients, warmth, and moisture to your body. Excessive cracking of skin due to dryness can sometimes impose the dangers of severe skin diseases, and you would want to consult a doctor in such circumstances. Dermatology is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin, nails, hair and its diseases and at ILS Hospitals, our team provides treatment for a variety of skin conditions. Visit www.ilshospitals.com for a consultation with the best dermatology clinic. Meanwhile, don’t forget to include the measures mentioned above and products in your daily lifestyle to reduce dryness from skin and hair.
To know more, visit www.ilshospitals.com or call ILS Care +91 90514 60000.
Insomnia or sleep-deprivation? Find out
The essence of a healthy lifestyle revolves around eating right and staying physically active.
But in hindsight, people usually tend to discard a sound sleeping schedule, body’s biological clock. According to the National Sleep Foundation (NSF), sleep is extremely essential for our health and wellbeing. Several individuals tend to not get enough sleep and end up suffering from multiple sleep disorders and most of them, go undiagnosed.
Various factors in our day-to-day lifestyle result in detrimental changes in our body and mind and irregular sleep is one of them.
The two types of Sleep:
REM Sleep or Rapid eye movement sleep is a phase that is characterised by random rapid movement of the eyes, accompanied by low muscle tone throughout the body. It is also marked by the ability to dream vividly. It is the state in which restoration of our brain and body functions occurs, including energy conservation and memory consolidation.
Non–REM sleep is marked by 3 phases of sleep that progressively deepens from light sleep, to restful sleep and ultimately, deep sleep.
Here are the three phases in the sleep cycle and REM phase described.
- Phase 1: The duration between being awake and asleep.
- Phase 2: In this phase, our brain waves slow down, body temperature drops and breathing and heart rate become more regular.
- Phase 3: The final and third phase is the deep sleep – our body muscles are relaxed, blood pressure and breathing rate drops. Sleepwalking, bedwetting and nightmares occur during this phase.
- REM Phase: This phase occurs about 90 minutes after we fall asleep, and is the dreaming stage of sleep. During this phase, the brain becomes more active and the body becomes relaxed and immobilised.
Let’s list down a few important issues to be known when there’s lack of sleep
Affects mental health: Sleep plays an important role in thinking and learning. Due to lack of sleep, a human brain can’t function 24/7 without giving it any rest. This eventually affects your mental health and results in fatigue and frustration.
Affects the immune system tremendously: It is said that sleep helps build up an effective immune system. Thus, lack of sleep can prove to be a barrier for your immune system and might eventually make you feel weak.
Affects the overall functioning: Sleep deprivation can lead to severe health issues including heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, irregular heartbeat and more.
Causes headaches: Several sleep disturbances like oversleeping, lack of sleep, or a change in your sleep routine often results in a severe headache, which can lead to other ailments.
How can you avoid Sleep Deprivation?
- Avoid caffeine later than early evening
- Take a power nap to boost your energy
- Follow your proper sleep cycle
- Maintain your room temperature and bed hygiene
- Meditate for 20 minutes before bedtime
- Listen to soft music before bed
- Don’t use electronic gadgets 2 hours before bedtime
- Keep your Cortisol in check
- Sleep on good quality bed accessories
- Say NO to smoking, especially at night
The best way to control sleep deprivation is with the right mindset. If you are facing a sleep disorder, keep a check on your sleeping habits by maintaining a sleep diary. Consult our Neurology department or our Pulmonology department, which addresses issues related to sleep disorders. A pulmonologist treats lung diseases and breathing problems associated with sleeping disorders. In case of any emergency, you can contact or visit ILS Hospitals, a multispeciality hospital, known for its excellent healthcare services.
To book an appointment or for any other queries, call ILS Care +91 9051460000 or visit www.ilshospitals.com
The well-being of a human body is often related to the proper functioning of the digestive system. But modern-day diets and lifestyles often tend to meddle in with the smooth functioning, resulting in various minor and major digestive problems. It is only then the expertise of a gastroenterologist has sought after.
What is Gastroenterology?
Gastroenterology is a branch of medicine that deals with the disorders of the human digestive system. Starting from our mouth to the anus, the gastrointestinal tract, along with the alimentary canal, is responsible for the proper digestion of food. Physicians who specialise in this field are called gastroenterologists.
What are some of the common yet lesser-known facts relating to Gastroenterology?
- Heart burns: Our current lifestyles result in one of the most common diseases stemming from our digestive system and that is gastroenteritis. The symptoms range from stomach cramps and diarrhoea, to nausea and vomiting. What people don’t generally know is that chest pain is also a key symptom of gastroenteritis and is often confused with a heart attack. So, the myth equating chest pain to heart issues is not a safe assumption to make and it is best to consult a gastroenterologist.
- Blood in stool: Another common misconception is that blood in stool is usually the result of a tear in the track. However, this often stems from GERD or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, a condition where the acids in the stomach irritate the lining of the food pipe and cause blood to pass through. It is safe to consult any gastroenterologist for the same.
- Smoking & digestion: The most common misconception that people tend to agree to is that smoking helps with digestion. The fact here is that it may help in the movement of the stool but never helps in digestion. On the contrary, smoking causes heartburns, peptic ulcers, liver diseases and also gallbladder stones.
- Overuse of herbal supplements: The whole fad of switching to herbal and dietary supplements is causing people more harm than they know. People take these without weighing in the side effects just because they are natural. In reality, these supplements, if consumed in excess, include vitamins and minerals that can cause liver inflammation, scarring, liver cirrhosis and even liver failure.
ILS Hospitals has state of the art operating theatre, endoscopy suites, and modern types of equipment and modes of treatment for addressing the diseases. With years and years of research, Gastroenterologists provide comprehensive care for patients involving gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures as well as the interpretation of results. The bulk research performed by them translates to more accurate detection of grave diseases like cancer via colonoscopy. Most of the diseases treated by gastroenterologists are manageable, their main goal is to improve overall the quality of life using advanced clinical care. In case of any emergency, contact or visit ILS Hospitals, a multispecialty hospital, known for its excellent healthcare services. To book an appointment or for any other queries, call ILS Care +91 90514 60000 or visit www.ilshospitals.com
Anemia And Its Prevention In Women
Anemia is a health condition in which the body does not make enough RBCs (red blood cells) or hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an essential protein found in the blood that is responsible for giving blood its colour and it also helps in the transportation of oxygen throughout the body. When you have low hemoglobin, you have anemia, when you have anemia, you encounter symptoms, like fatigue and shortness of breath. Anemia can be mild to severe and short-term to even long-term.
Anemia is a serious health concern in our country, India. More than 50% of women in India under the age of 15-49 years are suffering from anemia. It is a matter of concern and we all must talk about it. The biggest question to ask is why women are more prone to suffer from anemia? As per health professionals working at some best hospitals in Kolkata, women are more vulnerable to suffer from iron deficiency anemia because of blood loss during menstruation, pregnancy, and post-childbirth. Mostly, in our country, more women are suffering and have been diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia, obviously, due to malnutrition or poor nutrition. Anemia can be easily diagnosed by a blood test or hemoglobin test and is treated by medications, blood transfusion, and lifestyle changes, all depending upon the severity and the type of anemia.
Today, ILS Hospitals, one of the best hospitals in Kolkata and Agartala will guide all women who are reading this blog on preventing this serious medical condition called anemia. So, to all women, carefully read and apply the following mentioned things in your life to never see the face of anemia.
Consume lots of iron-rich foods
Iron is crucial to avoid iron deficiency anemia. Consume iron-rich foods, like spinach, eggs, red meat, chicken liver, fish, peas, black beans, kidney beans, chickpeas, tofu, oysters, apples, banana, and pomegranates.
Get sufficient vitamin B12
Most patients with anemia have low vitamin B12 levels. Eat eggs, fish, chicken, mutton, milk, cheese, butter, fortified breakfast cereals, and so on.
Receive enough vitamin B9 or folate
Vitamin B9 or folate is extremely important for pregnant women. Consume foods that are rich in vitamin B9, such as peanuts, whole grains, eggs, fish, liver, leafy greens, citrus fruits, etc.
Include more vitamin C in your diet
Vitamin C helps in better absorption of iron. Have more tomatoes, bell peppers, oranges, lemons, papayas, strawberries, and so on.
Avoid drinking hot beverages along with meals
Ensure to not drink hot beverages – tea and coffee along with your meals as it hampers the iron-absorbing power of the body.
Take vitamin supplements
Sometimes diet cannot provide all the vital nutrients needed for the body. In that case, vitamin supplements are prescribed by the medical practitioner. Consult the doctor and ask him or her to prescribe you vitamin supplements if needed.
Get a complete body checkup to rule out other types of anemia
There are other types of anemia as well – sickle cell anemia, hemolytic anemia, etc. Get a complete body checkup from a reputed healthcare centre or hospital in Kolkata to rule out other types of anemia.
Visit ILS Hospitals, the leading hospital in Kolkata and Agartala to get accurate diagnoses and timely treatment for anemia.
Signs Of Underlying Heart Disease By The Best Heart Hospital In Kolkata
Cardiovascular conditions are very common in India. We’ve discussed why in this blog: Why Are Indians So Vulnerable To Heart Diseases? Every underlying disease show tell-tale signs for the individual to observe. If the individual observes and takes prompt action then there’s a chance of an effective proper treatment.
The heart is a vital organ that helps in purifying the blood and supplies the body with oxygen and other nutrients. As per expert cardiologists, many patients ignore the body’s signals of underlying heart disease at the crucial initial levels. So, ILS Hospitals, one of the best heart hospitals in Kolkata and Agartala will enlighten you about the signs that indicate an underlying heart disease.
Fatigue after any laborious activity is understandable but constant fatigue when you do not live an active lifestyle is a matter of concern. Chronic exhaustion can indicate towards an underlying cardiovascular condition.
Shortness of breath
Breathlessness can happen due to various reasons. Shortness of breath after climbing forty stairs makes sense, otherwise, breathlessness for no apparent cause is a medical emergency.
Chest pain and discomfort
Chest pain accompanied by shortness of breath can be a sign of serious cardiovascular condition. Immediately visit the medical emergency room of your nearest hospital.
Heart palpitations usually happen after a vigorous workout but that does not mean it is not associated with any medical condition. Observe your heartbeat and visit a cardiologist if you have frequent heart palpitations.
Cold sweats are not normal. They can hint at an underlying heart disease.
If you have swollen feet and ankles, consult a medical professional for timely diagnosis and treatment.
Unexpected body aches
Body aches that are sudden and without any reason should not be overlooked. Unexpected body aches can be due to an insufficient supply of blood to the cardiac muscle.
If you encounter the aforementioned signs in your body, do not delay professional medical supervision. Visit ILS Hospitals, one of the best heart hospitals in Agartala and Kolkata to get proper diagnosis and treatment from our expert cardiologists.
Follow These Hygiene Tips To Avoid The Spread Of Infections
Due to the pandemic, Covid-19, many nations across the globe were badly affected to the core. Covid-19 taught us one thing, which is to maintain good hygiene at all times.
By maintaining proper hygiene, we can prevent the transmission of deadly viral and bacterial infections. Keeping that in mind, ILS Hospitals will explain you some hygiene tips that you must follow to prevent infections.
Follow these hygiene tips to avoid the spread of infections:
Maintain good personal hygiene: Personal hygiene is foremost important. Brush and floss your teeth daily. Take a bath or shower with soap every day. Wash your hair once or twice a week. Due to summer season, you might have to shower twice a day because of excessive perspiration. Wear clean clothes and undergarments daily. Females should take note of their menstrual hygiene as well by changing the sanitary products from time to time.
Wash your hands at all times: There are millions of germs in our hands which are totally invisible to the human eyes. We do a lot of work with our hands so it’s essential to keep them clean. Wash your hands for 15-20 seconds with clear water and liquid soap after using the washroom, before and after eating, after coming from outside, and whenever your hands get dirty.
Live in a clean environment: Keep our surroundings clean. Clean your house daily. Throw the trash in the garbage bin. Do not forget to keep your washrooms hygienic.
Use tissue paper while coughing and sneezing: Always cough or sneeze on a disposable tissue paper. It is always best to wear a face mask while going outside if you have encountered flu so that you avoid transmitting the infection to others.
Do not share your personal items with anyone: Avoid sharing your personal items, like toothbrush, tongue cleaner, razor, comb, nail clippers, clothes, undergarments, innerwear, cosmetics, makeup brushes, soap, loofah and so on with others.
Do not touch your eyes, nose and mouth with uncleaned hands: If your hands are unwashed, you can easily pass on the germs inside your body by simply touching your eyes, nose and mouth. Never do that and we will say again, keep washing hands.
Always carry a hand sanitizer with you: Whenever you’re going outside, always carry a 70% alcohol containing hand sanitizer with you to be hygienic at all times.
Our several hospital units take essential care for hygiene. If you visit our hospital units in Kolkata and Agartala, you would not have to worry about cleanliness. Visit ILS Hospitals, one of the best hospitals in Kolkata and Agartala for medical emergency.
How To Stay Physically Fit If You Are On Home Quarantine
Coronavirus acquainted us with a new term, home quarantine. Being quarantined at home does not mean you can’t stay fit and healthy.
Today, ILS Hospitals, multispeciality hospital in Agartala and Kolkata, will share some ways through which you can stay physically fit if you cannot do outside activities or visit the gym.
Practice Yoga: Yoga is also a way to stay physically and mentally healthy. Practice Yoga poses or asanas at home regularly. All you need are a yoga mat and a sheer determination to stay fit.
Do non-equipment exercises: It’s better to do something than nothing. So do exercises that do not need any machines. If you already have a treadmill, exercise bike or swiss ball at home, feel free to use it during this period.
Do chair exercises: We all have chairs in our houses. Did you know there are versatile uses of a simple chair? Indulge yourself in chair exercises for a healthy body.
Do skipping: Skipping is not only reserved for children but adults can do it too. If you have a skipping rope at home, make the most of it.
Do stretching: Stretching is by far the easiest form of exercise. Stretching relaxes your muscles and improves your body posture. It does not require any additional equipment and benefits the body and mind just like any normal exercise.
Do household chores: Many Indian houses use hired help for their domestic work. During your time of home quarantine, give leaves to your maid and do the household chores on your own to stay active and healthy.
Resume dancing: If your hobby was dancing but due to shortage of time you could not invest enough time in it, well now is the right time. Dancing is also a form of exercise that makes you cheerful and keeps you in good shape.
Play games: Time to revive your childhood! If you have a big balcony or terrace, then play games, like kho kho, hide and seek, badminton, etc. It will not only make you happy but will also ensure that your body is getting the exercise it needs. Remember to follow social distancing and use gloves and mask while playing with other family members.
ILS Hospitals, one of the multispeciality hospitals in Kolkata and Agartala wishes you good health. Always stay safe and keep washing your hands.
On This World Health Day, Follow These Simple Tips To Stay Healthy
Health is indeed wealth. A person who takes good care of his or her health is always happy and healthy. On World Health Day, ILS Hospitals, the best hospital in Agartala and Kolkata will give you some simple and useful health tips so that you are always in fine fettle.
Let’s take a look at some useful health tips.
- Eat healthy food: How can good health start without eating nutritious food? You are what you eat so feed your body with nothing but healthy food. Every individual’s daily requirements are different as per their lifestyle and body. So consider visiting a dietitian to get your customised diet chart and say yes to good health.
- Keep your body perfectly hydrated: Our body is made up of 60% water. The human body needs water to perform essential bodily functions so being well-hydrated is a strict health-rule that everyone must follow. Since it’s summer season, apart from plain water, you can drink fruit-infused water, refreshing coconut water, fresh fruit juices and even consume fruits with high-water content (watermelon, cucumber, sweet lime, etc).
- Stay active: In our modern lifestyle, staying active has become really difficult. Still, you should try to take some time out of your sedentary lifestyle and devote half an hour for exercise or yoga regularly. Try to do household chores on your own to stay active and fit instead of hiring a domestic helper.
- Maintain good hygiene: Practicing good hygiene ensures that we stay away from deadly and disease-causing bacteria and viruses. Brush, have a proper bowel movement and take a bath daily. Always wear clean clothes and keep your surroundings clean. Wash your hands at all times with a good soap and water. Females should take extra hygiene measures during their monthly menstrual periods.
- Get 8 hours of sleep every night: Your body needs rest to renew itself. Take 8-9 hours of sleep every night to strengthen your immune system.
- Get an annual health check-up: If we do not get ourselves tested, we would never know what’s happening inside our bodies. Get annual health check-ups from an expert medical practitioner.
We hope you follow these basic health tips. If you need any sort of medical diagnosis and treatment, visit ILS Hospitals, one of the best hospital in Kolkata and Agartala.
How To Help And Support Your Autistic Child
Parenting a child is a tedious and demanding job but parenting a child with autism requires more skills and patience than ever.
ASD (Autism spectrum disorder) is not an easy concept to define. According to various psychiatrists, ASD is a developmental and neurological disorder that hampers the communication and social skills of the children. Autism is chronic and cannot be generally cured. But with multiple therapies, the child can live a normal life.
On World Autism Day, ILS Hospitals, one of the best hospitals in Kolkata and Agartala, will share ways through which you can help and support your autistic child to lead a normal life.
- Educate yourself about Autism: If you do not know what autism is all about, you will never be able to help your child at all. Read books on autism, research on the internet, meet with parents who have an autistic child and consult with a psychiatrist to get a reliable solution.
- Spend time with your child: Your autistic child might show signs of social withdrawal but he or she needs your time more than anything in this world. The needs of an autistic child are the same as other children, it’s just that they do not know how to express themselves.
- Involve your child in social activities: No matter how different and difficult your child is, he or she deserves to play and interact with others. Never hesitate to involve your autistic child in social gatherings and other social events. There’s nothing wrong with your child and he or she should be treated like any other normal child by everyone.
- Always be positive and patient: Sudden outbursts are a common phenomenon with autistic children. Patiently handle their tantrums and be positive about the situation as the child is not aware of the consequences.
- Respect your child’s boundaries: Do not force your child to do something they do not want to do. Respect them like you would respect any individual.
- Do not treat your child differently: If you have more than one child, then do not give the autistic child a different or special treatment than the others. Also, tell your other children to cooperate with their autistic sibling and never exclude him or her from their group.
- Give your love and support: Children seek affection and if they don’t receive them from their families they struggle with their self-esteem and self-expression. Love and support are going to be a soothing balm for your autistic child.
Hospitals in Agartala and Kolkata will always help you and your child in dealing with any medical issues. Do not hesitate to seek medical aid from our team.