Diagnosis & Treatment Of Kidney Stone

Kidney stone is a common illness. The question arises of how kidney stones form. Do you know our urine consists of salts and dissolved minerals? Stones in the kidney form when these minerals and salts exceed their level regarding the normal level they should be. The kidney stones can grow from small pea sizes to larger ones. They fill the hollow interior space of your kidney gradually.

If the stone blocks the ureter, then urine flow stops. An individual can feel tremendous pain in such cases. To avoid such scenarios, you should always go for kidney stone treatment in Kolkata during the initial phase of the illness.

Symptoms Of Kidney Stone

Before rushing for kidney stone treatment in Kolkata, check if you are facing the following symptoms in your body;

  • Generally, you will observe a sharp pain arising from your back and spreading to the sides of your body. You can also experience pain in the lower abdominal area.
  • Again, you feel a need for urination, but urine flow will be less or blocked.
  • A burning sensation whenever you will pass urine.
  • You may notice blood, usually dark red or brownish colour coming out through the urine.
  • Vomiting tendency with a slight feeling of nausea
  • In men, commonly pain is observed on the penis tip.


Commonly in kidney stones, patients feel pain or can see the blood oozing out with the urine. However, there are cases where the kidney stone is “silent”. In those scenarios, you will not feel or see any symptoms. The health care provider usually does an X-ray to check the size and location of the stones.

Whereas, if you feel pain, then the doctors will suggest you perform a CT scan. It is again to check the stone size and location. This helps the doctor in quick understanding about the kidney stone and start diagnosis.


Depending on the stone size, location, and criticality of the stone, the treatment will start. You should always consult the specialist in the kidney stone clinics to start with the treatment.

Zero Treatment Process

If the stone sizes are small, then many times, doctors suggest that it can pass through the urine. Medicines are prescribed to control the pain. You can wait for 2-4 weeks for the entire treatment. It is the simplest form of treatment.

Medicine Treatment

Often your doctors will suggest medicines that can relieve the ureter and help you to pass urine. Again, there are medicines for melting the kidney stone and passing it through the urine. In few cases, your health care provider may give you anti-nausea pills depending on your requirement and stone condition.


After the necessary examination of the kidney stone, your doctor will check if you need the surgery or not. In the following scenarios, you may need to go through surgery:

  • If the stone size is bigger and growing more in numbers
  • Unbearable pain in the abdomen
  • Often the stones affect the normal function of the kidney. You may experience a urine infection

Again, at times individuals like to go for surgery even if the size of the kidney stones is small. It is because they feel scared that if the small-sized stone grows big and causes any problem.

Utheroscopy is performed by the doctors while removing stones from the ureter and kidney. For large stone removal, PCNL or Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is done. Again, there are other surgeries as well, like robot or laparoscopy, for treating kidney stones. In severe cases, your doctor might suggest a transplant.


A simple diet change can surely help you to protect your kidney from stone formation. You should include a lot of vegetables and fruits in your diet. Again, you should keep a check on your weight. However, kidney stones can occur at any time. Do not panic. Talk to the specialist for kidney stone treatment in Kolkata at https://www.ilshospitals.com/, and live a healthy life.

Kidney Donation & Transplant in India

In India, about 120 kidney transplant centres are conducting nearly 4000 kidney operations every year. The transplanting of kidneys started in 1970. Since then, India has been a prominent country in this stream of treatment. Initially, during the first ten years, doctors tried to master immune suppression and surgical techniques. It was a great success, and the number of kidney transplants increased.

Organ donation and transplantation became common in later years. Since many illegal organ donations were made, the government approved the Transplantation of Human Organ Act to stop unlawful selling & buying of organs. This act proposed that only deceased donation is legal.

Laws and Rules for Transplanting and Donating Kidney

The government of India passed a new rule along with the main requirements of the Transplantation of Human Organ Act. It includes the following.

1 – Living Donation

The relatives of the patients like father, mother, sister, son, daughter, and spouse can donate a kidney. Likewise, grandparents have also been added to the list in the new publication. It is mandatory to provide the relationship proof of the first relative by undergoing a genetic test or providing legal documents. In case if the donor is not a first relative, you will need special permission from the committee appointed by the government. An interview will also be conducted to prove the purpose.

2 – Brain-Death

There are two certificates to prove brain–death. And the two must be nominated by the proper authority of the government and the doctors. One of the persons nominating the certificate should be a specialised neurologist.

3 – Instruction of transplant activities by creating an AC (Authorization Committee) and AA (Appropriate Authority)

Every state and union territory of India will have these rules. The role of the AC is to control the process of arrangement to favour or reject kidney transplants between the donors and the recipient other than a first-degree relative. One of the main intentions is to assure that the donor is not demoralised for financial consideration to donate a kidney. The Authorization Committee will check the joint application and interview them to content the motive.

Now the removal of the kidney, storing, and transplantation is taken care of by the Appropriate Authority. Every hospital cannot undergo these procedures as it is required for the AA to approve the hospitals. The AA will only allow a hospital to conduct a kidney or any other organ transplantation after a detailed inspection.

The inspection will continue regularly to confirm that the hospital follows the proper standards and quality of kidney transplantation and aftercare. Once the AA is satisfied with the hospital’s facilities, a license will be issued for 5 years and renewed later.


The number of diabetic patients in India is growing drastically, which can result in severe kidney failure. One important thing to do is to try to prevent kidney problems. If a person suffers from kidney failure, it should be diagnosed at an early stage to treat it with medications. You can consult top nephrologists for a kidney transplant in Kolkata India, in case of failure.

The Transplant Registry Records says that more than 2.5 lakh people suffer from the last stage of kidney failure. A few of them undergo dialysis, and some are under heavy medications. If the deceased donation rate increases, it will help a lot of patients suffering from kidney failures. For further inquiries and assistance, you can visit https://www.ilshospitals.com/.

Kidney Stones – Various Types of Kidney Stones

The Kidneys play a vital function in the body as it purifies the blood and creates urine. Kidney stones are hard particles accumulated over time. According to doctors, there are mainly four types of kidney stones. Let’s understand each of these in details.

Calcium stones- Most of the kidney stones are made up of calcium component, particularly the calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate along with traces of other minerals. Presence of high level of oxalate also contributes towards the formation of calcium kidney stones. Any episode of hyperparathyroidism elevates the risk of developing calcium stones in the future.

Calcium Kidney Stones

Use of certain medication may prevent calcium kidney stones.

Struvite stones– Some of the kidney stones are made up of struvite. It can occur in both kidney and urinary tract. If it’s left untreated for a long time, it grows larger in size, which is also known as staghorn calculi. Apart from causing kidney stones, it can also lead to urinary tract infection.

struvite kidney stone

As it can get bigger in size with time due to accumulate, it is considered as a serious health crisis. It can also cause infection. The medical treatment includes antibiotics; and if nothing significantly changes for better, then it has to be removed by surgical intervention. Women are more susceptible to develop a UTI and struvite stones as compared to men.

Uric acid stones- Some kidney stones are comprised of uric acid. Uric acid is a waste product produced by the body. Usually it passes through the body before eliminating as waste, but if this passage gets interrupted, then it accumulates to form stones.

Uric Acid Kidney Stone

Usually certain medications are used to dissolve these stones to prevent its further formation. People who are more likely to suffer from uric acid kidney stones are as follows-

  1. Having low urine as output
  2. Consuming a diet rich in animal protein
  3. Significant increase in alcohol consumption
  4. Medical conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease and Gout

Cysteine stones- Less common type of kidney stones are comprised of cysteine. It is a chemical substance present in urine in traces. But the individuals who possess a high concentration of cysteine in the urine are likely to develop this kind of kidney stone in the future.

cysteine kidney stone

Certain medicines can be used to prevent it from occurring, in case it has already been formed, use of medication may dissolve it. However, if it causes blockage in the urinary tract, it has to be removed by surgery.