Orthopedic Surgery: Treatment and Therapy of Bones and Joints

No more living with an orthopedic ailment. With the best orthopedic doctor in Kolkata, musculoskeletal injuries have become treatable. Bone pain is usually accompanied by inflammation, severe aches and discomfort. And, the swelling can be relieved with the application of conservative treatments. However, even after relying on steroid injections or physical therapy, a surgical process is advised if the pain doesn’t improve. 

To treat damaged musculoskeletal framework that includes bones, ligaments, joints, muscles, even tendons, orthopedic surgery is necessary. You can also consult with an orthopedic doctor if you have had arthritis, bone diseases, or genetic deformities for quite a long term.

Treatment – Types of orthopedic surgery 

Based on your symptoms, at the initial stage, imaging tests, such as X-ray, MRI, and CT scans, are recommended by an orthopedic doctor in Kolkata. The primary focus is to understand the cause of pain and impediment in the mobility of joints. And, to help you regain a normal life, the next step is surgery.

Surgery is the only answer to correct broken bones, misaligned joints, or torn tendons. And, most of these surgeries require minimal invasion. Let’s have a closer look at the types: 

Joint Replacement

If you have a damaged joint that includes the knee, hip, ankle, and shoulder, then surgery is performed either for partial or total joint replacement. 

Knee Arthroscopy

It is a minor surgery to diagnose and treat problems inside a joint. A small video camera is inserted through a small incision using a pipe to remove torn meniscus or repair damaged tissue. 

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Reconstruction

It is pretty common for athletes or sports people to suffer from a traumatic knee injury. If you suffer from torn ligaments, then ACL reconstruction is the only cure. Usually, the tendon to connect your thigh and shin bones is taken from either any part of your body or from a cadaver donor.

Bone Fracture Repair

Surgery is the only way to align and stabilize broken arm, ankle or wrist bones. Through fracture repair, the bones are placed back in their position with the help of screws and pins. Even plates and rods are used to accelerate the recovery process.

Spinal Fusion

Major spinal deformities or distortion in the vertebrae can lead to unbearable pain. More than two vertebrae are welded together to avert the movement and bring stability through spinal fusion.

Shoulder Replacement or Shoulder Arthroplasty (TSA)

Are you suffering from joint inflammation or a degenerative joint? Then TSA is the most successful method for treating the suffering.

What should you do!

Ailment associated with bone can be related to age or major-minor accidents. And, carelessness or lack of knowledge can aggravate the situation. This can eventually affect your physique and overall health.

Along with maintaining a proper lifestyle, managing average body weight is also necessary for strengthening the muscular system. Include exercises in your daily routine that do not bother your painful joints. Studies reveal that smoking can slow down the healing process so try to bring in a valid equilibrium in your daily lifestyle to speed up the recovery.

Consult with the specialist 

Be it Lower Back Pain, arthritis or hip fracture – you must not carry on with the discomfort. Car accidents or sports injuries should not affect the things you love, so consult with a specialist immediately. At ILS Hospitals you can book an appointment with an experienced orthopedic doctor in Kolkata who ensures your speedy recovery. Here you get advanced treatments and procedures for every orthopedic disease.

Everything You Should Know About Partial Knee Replacement

Partial knee replacement, also referred as uni-compartmental knee replacement, is a surgical approach to cure severe arthritis of knee. Earlier, almost every patient suffering from arthritis went for total knee replacement; wherein the entire portion of infected cartilage along with a layer of functional one is carved off the knee and replaced with metal and plastic implants.

But in case of partial knee replacement, only the infected portion of the knee is removed and resurfaced. It is ideal for those patients whose osteoarthritis is restricted to single compartment.

Structure of the knee

Need of knee surgery arises when the cartilage protecting the knee wears off gradually. This can be observed either in the entire knee joint or merely in single area. The knee is comprised of three major compartments, namely:

  1. Lateral compartment, which is the outer part
  2. Medial compartment, which is the inside of the knee
  3. Patellofemoral compartment, between kneecap and thighbone

Partial Knee Replacement - ILS Hospitals

How diagnosis is carried out?

The doctor estimates the extent of damage of bones and cartilage either by X-rays or Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

How partial knee replacement is carried out?

In this surgical approach, the surgeon diagnoses each bone and observes the limit of the osteoarthritis; and replaces the damaged compartment with plastic or metal implant called prosthetic, which can mimic the natural movements up to a large extent. The partial knee replacement aims to restore as much as healthy bones and cartilage as possible.

partial knee replacement

Advantages of partial knee replacement over total knee replacement

Partial knee replacement is gaining popularity among doctors and patients because of the numerous benefits it offers. Due to smaller incision, the patient needs shorter hospital stay and experiences lesser pain after surgery. The recovery period becomes comparatively faster. Since a large extent of healthy bones and cartilage is left intact, the patients experience more natural movement of knee as compared to total knee replacement.

Ideal candidate for partial knee replacement

As per doctors of ILS Hospitals, if an individual is suffering from osteoarthritis and no other medical treatment is helping to soothe the pain, then this orthopedic replacement can be considered as the ideal solution. In order to qualify for it, the arthritis must be finite to only one compartment. If a patient is suffering from knee stiffness and ligament damage, they can also be considered for this treatment.

Orthopaedic Clinic Kolkata

With proper diagnosis and treatment, partial knee replacement demonstrates successful and long lasting result for patients of several age groups.