Types of Hernia – Prevention, recovery and aftercare

During the hernia an internal organ protrudes out through any weak spot on the body, and it can either be in the muscle or tissue. There are several types of hernia, such as umbilical hernia. femoral hernia, inguinal hernia, hiatal hernia, etc. But, the real question lies – how important is it to treat a hernia?

According to medical specialists, a hernia must be treated immediately; otherwise, it can lead to life-threatening conditions. So, let’s get to know how you can prevent it. However, if you already have a hernia, then we will guide you on what should be your next step.

What is the cause of hernia?

The primary cause of a hernia is – if there is any weak muscle, which may be due to birth or due to aging, or if you have put any repeated pressure on the abdomen or groin, then it can lead to a hernia. Other than that, unintentional strain can occur due to obesity, pregnancy, or strain on the toilet due to constipation or repeated coughing. This puts pressure on the abdominal cavity, leading to a hernia.

Symptoms of hernia

The general symptoms are that – at the very beginning, you will notice a lump which can be pushed back or disappears when you lie down. The lump reappears only when you are coughing, putting strain during bowel movements, laughing or crying. 

If you ignore this lump, it can lead to a pouch-like appearance with intensive pain. You can also feel pain while lifting, walking or running. An aching sensation can be felt all the time, along with a sensation of bowel obstructions.

However, in the case of a hiatal hernia, there are no such symptoms. Instead, you will feel digestion problems, difficulty in swallowing, heartburn, severe chest pain and regurgitation.

Diagnosing hernia

When you consult with a doctor, the first process is to conduct a physical examination and then you will be prescribed a certain tissue imaging test, such as a CT scan.

Treatment for hernia

The treatment prescribed for hernia is surgery. There are 3 types of surgery that are conducted –

  • Open surgery – A small cut is made into the body, specifically at the location of the hernia, and the protruding tissue is placed at its original position. Finally, the muscles are stitched back together. If required, a mesh is implanted to provide extra support. This procedure requires more time to get cured when compared with the other types of surgery.
  • Laparoscopic surgery – This is quite similar to open surgery; however, the only exception is that the cut is made right outside the abdomen, and surgical tools are used to insert the protruding tissue back in its place. This requires minimal cuts and heals much more quickly.
  • Robotic hernia repair – Here also laparoscope is used to perform the incision, but the surgeon operates the entire surgery through a console. All the surgical instruments are handled by the console, and these are usually performed for smaller hernia or to construct the abdomen wall.

Based on the patient’s condition, condition of the hernia, type of hernia, and previous medical history of the patient, the surgery is recommended and performed.

If the hernia is not treated on time, it can lead to obstructions within the intestine, leading to chronic chest pain, vomiting, stomach pain, nausea, etc. Along with that, a part of the intestine can also get trapped in the lump, and it will restrict the proper blood flow. If this keeps on occurring for a couple of hours, it can lead to tissue death.

Prevent hernia

The best way to prevent hernia is to maintain a healthy life, along with –

  • You must eat healthy food, exercise regularly and maintain your ideal body weight. 
  • Add fruit, vegetables and green to your diet to avoid constipation. 
  • Do not lift heavy weights without consulting with the gym instructor or beyond your capability. 
  • If there is persistent coughing or sneezing, then do consult with the doctor. 
  • Smoking cigarettes can lead to coughing, which triggers a hernia, so avoid smoking.

After hernia surgery 

It is usually advised that the patient can go back home after a few hours after the surgery is done. However, this can extend to the next day or 24 hours, based on the surgical process. However, if there is a chance of developing an infection or if the case is quite critical, then a few more days can be required till the hospital discharges.

Restrictions after the surgery

Mostly there is nothing to fear about, and the patient can resume normal eating and activities within the next 4 to 6 weeks. But, it is strictly prohibited that strenuous exercises should be avoided. If the surgical wounds do not recover properly, then it can lead to complications, such as urine retention, infection, scrotal edema or collection of fluid around the testis. 

So, there are specific doses and don’ts that you need to follow right after the surgery. This will help quicken the recovery phase.

Do’s after hernia surgery

  • Take a brisk walk in the evening or early in the morning.
  • Avoid direct sunlight or working outside at noon.
  • Try to do some stretching exercises.
  • Eat a lot of vegetables, fibers and add a healthy diet to your food list.
  • Drink fresh, hygienic and enough fluid. You can also drink fluid in the form of broth or soup. 

Don’ts after hernia surgery

It is usually said that it takes 4 to 5 weeks to get back to normal activities, but you must take precautions for at least 6 months. This will help to prevent the chances of recurrence of the hernia. So, try –

  • Avoid any heavy lifts or go to the gym for 3 to 4 months. 
  • Avoid smoking and drinking for at least 6 -7 months. 
  • You should not put pressure on your bowel movements. 
  • Try to avoid running on the staircase or any task that requires strenuous activity.


A hernia is not life-threatening, but ignoring the symptoms and not paying attention to its treatment can lead to severe risk. So, you must consult with the best medical facilities of ILS Hospitals for proper treatment. To avoid complications, you must also go for follow-ups, as prescribed, even after the surgery.

What Is a Hernia and What Can You Do About It?

Is there a weak spot in your muscle? Then, it is quite natural that the internal organ tends to push out. This condition is called a hernia.

There are several types of hernia – inguinal, femoral, hiatal, and umbilical. Usually, hernias are seen within the abdominal cavity, i.e. between the chest and hips. 

If you notice any such bulges consult with the best hernia hospital in Kolkata.

Let’s get to know more about treating hernia.

What causes a hernia? 

An inguinal and femoral hernia occurs due to weak muscles, and these have a possibility of occurring since birth. Hernia can also be associated with aging or severe strain on the abdominal or groin region. 

Moreover, you can also suffer from a hernia due to congenital disabilities, such as congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Hiatal hernia can occur due to physical exertion, frequent coughing, pregnancy, or obesity.

Symptoms of a hernia

A lump or balls-like structure that protrudes out of the body. The lump is generally felt while doing general activities, like coughing, laughing, crying, or during any physical activity. Other than these:

  • Bulging or swelling of the scrotum.
  • Increasing pain at the sides of the bulge.
  • The pain increases while lifting any object.
  • With time the size of the bulb increases.
  • There is an aching sensation.
  • Feeling a bowel obstruction all the time.

However, in the case of an inguinal hernia, you won’t visualize any bulge on the body. But, you can experience frequent heartburn, difficulty swallowing, or regurgitation. Along with, chest pain and indigestion can be felt.

How is a hernia detected?

Medical professionals can see or feel the swelling part through physical examination where the hernia has occurred. 

In the inguinal hernia, the patient is asked to cough, and the doctor examines the scrotum and groin. 

Other tests assigned to assess the condition are ultrasound, barium X-ray, CT scan, and endoscopy.

What is the cure?

There is no natural cure for hernia, and the only best repair mechanism is to opt for a surgeon. Tests will be done to understand which method would best fit your case.

Three types of hernia surgery are performed:

  • Open surgery – Small cuts are made right at the hernia location. The protruding muscles are placed back in their rightful place and stitched. Often a mesh is implanted that provides extra support.
  • Laparoscopic robotic hernia – Like open surgery, the cut is made outside the abdomen. And, a tiny incision is kept for inserting surgical tools, which completes the process.
  • Robotic hernia – This also uses a laparoscopic mechanism and is performed through a small incision. Surgeons do not handle the surgical instrument; instead, it is operated through the console. And, the surgeon directs it from the operating room.

What if a hernia is left untreated?

Hernias never get rectified automatically. You need to consult with the best hernia hospital in Kolkata and get treated before it grows and becomes much more complicated.

In the inguinal or femoral hernia, you can face obstructions where a part of the intestine gets

stuffed into the inguinal canal. This is followed by vomiting, stomach pain, a nauseated feeling, and a lump in the groin.

Blood supply gets restricted due to strangulation of a part of the intestine. And, it can also lead to tissue death within a few hours.

Can you prevent a hernia?

Maintaining body weight, eating healthy, exercising regularly, and incorporating enough antioxidants in your diet, including vegetables and fruits, can prevent hernia. Try to avoid constipation by consuming whole grains. 

Be careful while lifting any objects. Consult with the best hernia hospital in Kolkata at ILS Hospitals in case of continuous coughing.


Is There Only One Type Of Hernia? What’s The Ideal Hernia Treatment? 

A hernia is an abnormal protrusion of tissue or an organ that generally occurs in the abdomen or groin region.

Many people have the misconception, that there is only one type of hernia – groin hernia. Today, ILS Hospitals, one of the best hospitals in Kolkata and Agartala will let you know the different types of hernia and its ultimate medical treatment. So, let’s read further.

Different types of hernia

Inguinal hernia 

Often called groin hernia, inguinal hernia happens when tissue (part of the intestine) protrudes through a weak abdominal opening. Inguinal hernias can be painful when you cough or lift a heavy object.

Hiatal hernia

Hiatal hernia is a medical condition in which your stomach bulges up to your chest through hiatus (an opening in the diaphragm. Common symptoms associated with hiatal hernia include heartburn, chest pain, nausea and vomiting.

Incisional hernia

Incisional hernia can happen in case of an incompletely-healed surgical wound. Incisional hernias have symptoms, such as redness, pain, and swelling around the affected area.

Sports hernia

Sports hernia may occur in the groin due to sports injuries. It should not be confused with groin hernia.

Umbilical hernia

An umbilical hernia is a hernia of the belly button. It mostly happens in infants, pregnant women, and the ones who are overweight.

Treatment for hernia 

The only effective treatment for a hernia is hernia repair surgery. Of course, you’ll find hernia truss or belts in the market but keep in mind that they are no permanent cure. If you have a hernia, you need to get surgical hernia treatment as sooner as possible. The hernia repair surgery could be either general or minimally-invasive (laparoscopic) depending upon your current condition.

You can come to ILS Hospitals in Kolkata and Agartala for getting permanent hernia treatment.

A Brief Description Of Umbilical Hernia

One out of every five babies are born with umbilical hernia. Usually, it is a disease of infants and gets corrected on its own while growing up. Let’s have a brief introduction of umbilical hernia and its treatment.

What is Umbilical Cord?

Umbilical cord is the connection between a mother and child during pregnancy. The umbilical cord passes through the belly button. Ideally, this opening closes on its own shortly after birth.

Umbilical Hernia

When does Umbilical Hernia arise?

When the opening of the belly button does not close, the intestine or surrounding tissues bulge out of the weak spot near belly button. Thus, the condition of umbilical hernia arises.

This type of hernias usually do not induce any pain or discomfort. Statistically, 90 percent of babies suffering from umbilical hernia get cured of it on its own. But, if it does not close by the time the child reaches the age of 4, then treatment is required.

Infants having Umbilical Hernia

Babies who are either born premature or with low birth weight or belongs to African-American origin are more prone to developing this kind of hernia. It can be found in both, girl and boy.

Infants having umbilical hernia

Adults having Umbilical Hernia

It is mostly a disease of infants, but it can occur to an adult as well. It occurs in adults when the weak spot experiences too much pressure. Contributing factors for the same can be:

  1. Multiple pregnancies
  2. Being overweight or obese
  3. Having twins or triplets or more
  4. Presence of fluid in the abdominal cavity
  5. Previous stomach surgery
  6. Persistent cough

Adults having umbilical hernia

Diagnosis of Umbilical Hernia

It can be easily detected in children, especially while crying or laughing. It can be visually distinguished by presence of a swelling near the belly button. In case of adult, the swelling near the navel, which may also induce pain, is a sure shot way of distinguishing umbilical hernia.

Complications associated with Umbilical Hernia

As already mentioned, umbilical hernia is usually not associated with any major trouble. However, it becomes quite serious and needs immediate treatment, if the umbilical cord is incarcerated. A physical examination is done to determine whether the cord is incarcerated or not. During this examination, the surgeon tries to push it back inside the abdominal cavity. If it can’t be pushed back, then it is already incarcerated. Such condition arises when the protruded part does not get enough blood supply and might end up developing gangrene and serious infection.

A Guide for Hernia Treatment in Kolkata

Hernia is a medical condition in which an internal organ bulges out of the skin membrane. The most common site for hernia is abdomen. The organs bulges out through the natural openings of the body such as bellybutton or by any previous operational scars.

Continue reading A Guide for Hernia Treatment in Kolkata

The Changing Phase of Hernia Treatment in Kolkata

With rapid development in the realm of medical industry, treatment procedures are becoming painless, scarless and accurate. Hernia is a common disorder among the people of India. Many people are currently facing the difficulties associated with hernia in their daily lives. Where some choose to live with it, others simply opt to get rid of them with the aid of a comprehensive program for Hernia Treatment in Kolkata.

Continue reading The Changing Phase of Hernia Treatment in Kolkata