A hernia is an abnormal protrusion of tissue or an organ that generally occurs in the abdomen or groin region.
Many people have the misconception, that there is only one type of hernia – groin hernia. Today, ILS Hospitals, one of the best hospitals in Kolkata and Agartala will let you know the different types of hernia and its ultimate medical treatment. So, let’s read further.
Different types of hernia
Often called groin hernia, inguinal hernia happens when tissue (part of the intestine) protrudes through a weak abdominal opening. Inguinal hernias can be painful when you cough or lift a heavy object.
Hiatal hernia is a medical condition in which your stomach bulges up to your chest through hiatus (an opening in the diaphragm. Common symptoms associated with hiatal hernia include heartburn, chest pain, nausea and vomiting.
Incisional hernia can happen in case of an incompletely-healed surgical wound. Incisional hernias have symptoms, such as redness, pain, and swelling around the affected area.
Sports hernia may occur in the groin due to sports injuries. It should not be confused with groin hernia.
An umbilical hernia is a hernia of the belly button. It mostly happens in infants, pregnant women, and the ones who are overweight.
Treatment for hernia
The only effective treatment for a hernia is hernia repair surgery. Of course, you’ll find hernia truss or belts in the market but keep in mind that they are no permanent cure. If you have a hernia, you need to get surgical hernia treatment as sooner as possible. The hernia repair surgery could be either general or minimally-invasive (laparoscopic) depending upon your current condition.
One out of every five babies are born with umbilical hernia. Usually, it is a disease of infants and gets corrected on its own while growing up. Let’s have a brief introduction of umbilical hernia and its treatment.
What is Umbilical Cord?
Umbilical cord is the connection between a mother and child during pregnancy. The umbilical cord passes through the belly button. Ideally, this opening closes on its own shortly after birth.
When does Umbilical Hernia arise?
When the opening of the belly button does not close, the intestine or surrounding tissues bulge out of the weak spot near belly button. Thus, the condition of umbilical hernia arises.
This type of hernias usually do not induce any pain or discomfort. Statistically, 90 percent of babies suffering from umbilical hernia get cured of it on its own. But, if it does not close by the time the child reaches the age of 4, then treatment is required.
Infants having Umbilical Hernia
Babies who are either born premature or with low birth weight or belongs to African-American origin are more prone to developing this kind of hernia. It can be found in both, girl and boy.
Adults having Umbilical Hernia
It is mostly a disease of infants, but it can occur to an adult as well. It occurs in adults when the weak spot experiences too much pressure. Contributing factors for the same can be:
- Multiple pregnancies
- Being overweight or obese
- Having twins or triplets or more
- Presence of fluid in the abdominal cavity
- Previous stomach surgery
- Persistent cough
Diagnosis of Umbilical Hernia
It can be easily detected in children, especially while crying or laughing. It can be visually distinguished by presence of a swelling near the belly button. In case of adult, the swelling near the navel, which may also induce pain, is a sure shot way of distinguishing umbilical hernia.
Complications associated with Umbilical Hernia
As already mentioned, umbilical hernia is usually not associated with any major trouble. However, it becomes quite serious and needs immediate treatment, if the umbilical cord is incarcerated. A physical examination is done to determine whether the cord is incarcerated or not. During this examination, the surgeon tries to push it back inside the abdominal cavity. If it can’t be pushed back, then it is already incarcerated. Such condition arises when the protruded part does not get enough blood supply and might end up developing gangrene and serious infection.
Hernia is a medical condition in which an internal organ bulges out of the skin membrane. The most common site for hernia is abdomen. The organs bulges out through the natural openings of the body such as bellybutton or by any previous operational scars.
With rapid development in the realm of medical industry, treatment procedures are becoming painless, scarless and accurate. Hernia is a common disorder among the people of India. Many people are currently facing the difficulties associated with hernia in their daily lives. Where some choose to live with it, others simply opt to get rid of them with the aid of a comprehensive program for Hernia Treatment in Kolkata.