Is there a weak spot in your muscle? Then, it is quite natural that the internal organ tends to push out. This condition is called a hernia.
There are several types of hernia – inguinal, femoral, hiatal, and umbilical. Usually, hernias are seen within the abdominal cavity, i.e. between the chest and hips.
If you notice any such bulges consult with the best hernia hospital in Kolkata.
Let’s get to know more about treating hernia.
What causes a hernia?
An inguinal and femoral hernia occurs due to weak muscles, and these have a possibility of occurring since birth. Hernia can also be associated with aging or severe strain on the abdominal or groin region.
Moreover, you can also suffer from a hernia due to congenital disabilities, such as congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Hiatal hernia can occur due to physical exertion, frequent coughing, pregnancy, or obesity.
Symptoms of a hernia
A lump or balls-like structure that protrudes out of the body. The lump is generally felt while doing general activities, like coughing, laughing, crying, or during any physical activity. Other than these:
- Bulging or swelling of the scrotum.
- Increasing pain at the sides of the bulge.
- The pain increases while lifting any object.
- With time the size of the bulb increases.
- There is an aching sensation.
- Feeling a bowel obstruction all the time.
However, in the case of an inguinal hernia, you won’t visualize any bulge on the body. But, you can experience frequent heartburn, difficulty swallowing, or regurgitation. Along with, chest pain and indigestion can be felt.
How is a hernia detected?
Medical professionals can see or feel the swelling part through physical examination where the hernia has occurred.
In the inguinal hernia, the patient is asked to cough, and the doctor examines the scrotum and groin.
Other tests assigned to assess the condition are ultrasound, barium X-ray, CT scan, and endoscopy.
What is the cure?
There is no natural cure for hernia, and the only best repair mechanism is to opt for a surgeon. Tests will be done to understand which method would best fit your case.
Three types of hernia surgery are performed:
- Open surgery – Small cuts are made right at the hernia location. The protruding muscles are placed back in their rightful place and stitched. Often a mesh is implanted that provides extra support.
- Laparoscopic robotic hernia – Like open surgery, the cut is made outside the abdomen. And, a tiny incision is kept for inserting surgical tools, which completes the process.
- Robotic hernia – This also uses a laparoscopic mechanism and is performed through a small incision. Surgeons do not handle the surgical instrument; instead, it is operated through the console. And, the surgeon directs it from the operating room.
What if a hernia is left untreated?
Hernias never get rectified automatically. You need to consult with the best hernia hospital in Kolkata and get treated before it grows and becomes much more complicated.
In the inguinal or femoral hernia, you can face obstructions where a part of the intestine gets
stuffed into the inguinal canal. This is followed by vomiting, stomach pain, a nauseated feeling, and a lump in the groin.
Blood supply gets restricted due to strangulation of a part of the intestine. And, it can also lead to tissue death within a few hours.
Can you prevent a hernia?
Maintaining body weight, eating healthy, exercising regularly, and incorporating enough antioxidants in your diet, including vegetables and fruits, can prevent hernia. Try to avoid constipation by consuming whole grains.
Be careful while lifting any objects. Consult with the best hernia hospital in Kolkata at ILS Hospitals in case of continuous coughing.
A hernia is an abnormal protrusion of tissue or an organ that generally occurs in the abdomen or groin region.
Many people have the misconception, that there is only one type of hernia – groin hernia. Today, ILS Hospitals, one of the best hospitals in Kolkata and Agartala will let you know the different types of hernia and its ultimate medical treatment. So, let’s read further.
Different types of hernia
Often called groin hernia, inguinal hernia happens when tissue (part of the intestine) protrudes through a weak abdominal opening. Inguinal hernias can be painful when you cough or lift a heavy object.
Hiatal hernia is a medical condition in which your stomach bulges up to your chest through hiatus (an opening in the diaphragm. Common symptoms associated with hiatal hernia include heartburn, chest pain, nausea and vomiting.
Incisional hernia can happen in case of an incompletely-healed surgical wound. Incisional hernias have symptoms, such as redness, pain, and swelling around the affected area.
Sports hernia may occur in the groin due to sports injuries. It should not be confused with groin hernia.
An umbilical hernia is a hernia of the belly button. It mostly happens in infants, pregnant women, and the ones who are overweight.
Treatment for hernia
The only effective treatment for a hernia is hernia repair surgery. Of course, you’ll find hernia truss or belts in the market but keep in mind that they are no permanent cure. If you have a hernia, you need to get surgical hernia treatment as sooner as possible. The hernia repair surgery could be either general or minimally-invasive (laparoscopic) depending upon your current condition.
One out of every five babies are born with umbilical hernia. Usually, it is a disease of infants and gets corrected on its own while growing up. Let’s have a brief introduction of umbilical hernia and its treatment.
What is Umbilical Cord?
Umbilical cord is the connection between a mother and child during pregnancy. The umbilical cord passes through the belly button. Ideally, this opening closes on its own shortly after birth.
When does Umbilical Hernia arise?
When the opening of the belly button does not close, the intestine or surrounding tissues bulge out of the weak spot near belly button. Thus, the condition of umbilical hernia arises.
This type of hernias usually do not induce any pain or discomfort. Statistically, 90 percent of babies suffering from umbilical hernia get cured of it on its own. But, if it does not close by the time the child reaches the age of 4, then treatment is required.
Infants having Umbilical Hernia
Babies who are either born premature or with low birth weight or belongs to African-American origin are more prone to developing this kind of hernia. It can be found in both, girl and boy.
Adults having Umbilical Hernia
It is mostly a disease of infants, but it can occur to an adult as well. It occurs in adults when the weak spot experiences too much pressure. Contributing factors for the same can be:
- Multiple pregnancies
- Being overweight or obese
- Having twins or triplets or more
- Presence of fluid in the abdominal cavity
- Previous stomach surgery
- Persistent cough
Diagnosis of Umbilical Hernia
It can be easily detected in children, especially while crying or laughing. It can be visually distinguished by presence of a swelling near the belly button. In case of adult, the swelling near the navel, which may also induce pain, is a sure shot way of distinguishing umbilical hernia.
Complications associated with Umbilical Hernia
As already mentioned, umbilical hernia is usually not associated with any major trouble. However, it becomes quite serious and needs immediate treatment, if the umbilical cord is incarcerated. A physical examination is done to determine whether the cord is incarcerated or not. During this examination, the surgeon tries to push it back inside the abdominal cavity. If it can’t be pushed back, then it is already incarcerated. Such condition arises when the protruded part does not get enough blood supply and might end up developing gangrene and serious infection.
Hernia is a medical condition in which an internal organ bulges out of the skin membrane. The most common site for hernia is abdomen. The organs bulges out through the natural openings of the body such as bellybutton or by any previous operational scars.
With rapid development in the realm of medical industry, treatment procedures are becoming painless, scarless and accurate. Hernia is a common disorder among the people of India. Many people are currently facing the difficulties associated with hernia in their daily lives. Where some choose to live with it, others simply opt to get rid of them with the aid of a comprehensive program for Hernia Treatment in Kolkata.