The death toll in India has been increasing rapidly since 1990 to 2016. One of the big reason behind it is Diabetes and it’s treatment. One would be shocked to know that diabetes as a life-threatening disease. India stands for the second rank with 69.1 million people affected after China with 109 million people affected by diabetes.
Usually, Diabetes cannot be identified at the initial stage but it catches our eyes when one drastically lose weight and show other symptoms of high blood sugar. If diagnosed at the initial stage, it can be cured real easily, if not, one might have to face many health issues. As per an international expert, diabetes complications typically starts with 5 years; within 10 to 15 years, the majority of the patients will progress to have multiple health issues’.
So, what really happens to a human body when it inhabits diabetes over a long period of time?
Diabetic Eye Diseases: This set of diseases includes eyes diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema (DME), cataract, and glaucoma. These diseases can result in a person to lose their vision or worse, total blindness. Effects of these complications depend on how badly they have been affected by diabetes.
Increases Fat and Cholesterol: A severe untreated diabetes over a long period of time can result in the reduction of the formation of good cholesterol and increases triglyceride and bad cholesterol. The density of more bad cholesterol leads to many other health issues such as weight gain, obesity, high blood pressure etc.
Heart Diseases: Base on the previous point, severe diabetes increases the chances of heart disease and stork as more and more amount of bad cholesterol get stored in the heart. This is common in old people and usually known as diabetic dyslipidemia. It is a fatal condition which may increase the possibilities of atherosclerosis or coronary heart disease.
Kidney Failure: High level of sugar present in the body creates difficulties for the kidney to work properly, which often gets damaged or attains other kidney disorders. Though it does not happen with all the diabetic patients, it is better to get treated as soon as possible or else it can arise a question of mortality.
Damages Nerves: Nerves are the medium through which our brain transfer messages to different parts, organ, and functions of our body. A long-term diabetes is said to damage nerve cells which also simultaneously increase difficulties to carry-out our day to day works. This disorder of nerves is known as Neuropathy which further has its own classification.
Deformed Foot: As the long nerves are demolished, the lower limbs get weaker which may cause bunions, flat feet, and other deformities.
Reduces Life-span: All the above-mentioned disease or health hazards increase the complexity of life and sometimes it becomes tough to survive with these abnormalities.
No disease or health-related issues are immortal if it is ignored for a long time. From a minor cough to diabetes every problem not only has side-effects but also treatments. A reliable diabetes treatment can cure all your diabetic problems.
Our body produces several types of hormones and insulin is a rather crucial one for the proper working of our body. Due to the disbalance of levels of insulin, a deadly disease surfaces, which is known as diabetes. The diabetes is a condition in which either the pancreas fails to produce insulin, or the body fails to utilize the produced insulin to maintain the blood sugar level in the bloodstream.
Key facts about Diabetes
The count of people seeking diabetes treatment increased approximately from 108 million to 422 million from 1980 to 2014.
Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death among men and women from all over the world, as per WHO
About 50 percent of the deaths due to high blood pressure, is a resultant of diabetes
Diabetes is preventable, particularly the type 2, in spite being a genetical trait, through timely, medical aid along with proper diet and regular exercise.
Prevalence of diabetes over the age of 18, has increased from 4.7 % to 8.5 % from 1980 to 2014.
Diabetes is more prevalent in low to middle-income nations.
Diabetes in later stages brings additional illnesses as well. These include slow healing, kidney failure, foot amputation, heart attack, blindness,
Diabetes claims about 1.6 million death annually.
Diabetes in India
As of now, more than 35 million people are diagnosed positive for diabetes in India. Moreover, the CPR (Crude Prevalence Rate) of diabetes is around 9 percent in urban India and 3 percent in a rural population of India. Thus, the number of people suffering from diabetes is highest, as compared to any other country. The IGT (Impaired Glucose Tolerance) of Indian people is significantly high as well. Thus the number of mobile seeking diabetes treatment is highest as well. Thus it is important that people are aware of the symptoms and treatment of diabetes.
World diabetes day and its importance
On 14th November, we observe wold diabetes day every year. It came into existence in the year 1991, by the joint effort of IDF (International Diabetes Federation) and WHO (World Health Organization). It mainly came into existence to address the increasing threat of diabetes over the health and wellness of people from all over the world.
The WDD (World Diabetes Day) is the biggest diabetes awareness campaign in the world, as it reaches more than 1 billion people globally spread in over 160 countries.
Diwali is around the clock and needless to say, the festival of light is not limited to the lights itself. It involves lots of sweet desserts, crackers, and gifts as well. However, several individuals end up having the excessive level of sugar in their blood and seek diabetes treatment for it. So, that you don’t end up spending your time in the hospital bed, instead of having fun, we provide several guidelines for the same.
1. Limit the consumption of sweet dishes
Diwali is a festival of lots of sweets and snack. Avoiding their temptation is not a solution, It is always recommended to limit the numbers you eat in this duration. In case, you are making sweets at home or ordering from a shop, go for a smaller size of Ladoos and other sweets to reduce the portion size of each serving.
2. Go for baked snacks instead of deep fried ones
Not every dessert can be baked, for the ones that can be done, must be. Baking served the purpose of deep frying as well, without adding the excess amount of oil on the plate. It is particularly healthy for people with blood sugar and can be considered as a diabetes treatment.
3. Go for healthier substitute
Substituting sugar with healthy herbs on the food platter is a big ‘no’ for any individual, especially during the Diwali time. Thus, try to substitute heavy, sugary ingredients with healthier substitutions. For example, using toned milk in place of full creamed, honey or applesauce in place of honey.
4. Stay away from sweets with silver coating
Though these fancy decoration, looks very appetizing, they are extremely unhealthy. Though it would not directly affect the blood sugar level in the blood, it surely enters the bloodstream due to over-consumption and then can cause severe complications.
Indians are genetically more susceptible to diabetes as compared to other people across the globe. That is why we need more attentive diabetes treatment. Thus, it is important to take every necessary action to ensure that diabetes stays away from us, particularly during festive season like Diwali, when people tend to go for a richer diet.
Though avoiding calorie and sugar-loaded sweets and other snacks, completely is not a feasible solution for the most of the people, adhering to few guidelines would certainly help a lot.
Diabetes is becoming a major threat all over the world and India is no exception for the same. Today, even young people are becoming a target of this dreadful disease. Several clinics, independent doctors and hospitals provide diabetes treatment.
One interesting fact about diabetes is that it can be managed well with medication and dedication towards health.
Here are the following few healthy habits, which, if you practice regularly, can keep the ill effects of diabetes Type 2 at bay.
Consume a healthy diet
Include every nutrients like, carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins and minerals, in your diet, but in the correct proportions. Eat an ample amount of fibers in your diet as snacks. It is usual to have munchies several times a day being diabetic. Thus, go for healthier snack option.
Several doctors and clinics offers a diet chart as part of the diabetes treatment.
Make out time every day for some exercise. Even if you are a busy person, try to dedicate at least 15-20 minutes each day, for at least five days in a week. If you are new to the whole concept, start with the free hand exercise before trying aerobics and other strenuous activities.
Eventually, increase the time and effort for the same.
Keep a track of sugar level
Also keep the blood sugar profile in check every 3- 4 months. Go for a preplanned fasting and PP, instead of a random sugar test for better evaluation. Start, an early screening, in case, any of your parents has diabetes as well. Similarly, ask your children to be more cautious as well, if you have it.
Have an adequate sleep
Sleep at least for 6 to 8 hours daily in order to give time to your body to recover and rejuvenate. For the same, make a sleep schedule and adhere to it for a week. Eventually, your body will adjust with this new sleeping ritual.
Lead a healthy lifestyle
Apart from the diabetic gene, your lifestyle contributes a lot for the same as well. It can delay or even mitigate your diabetes. Some of the healthy habits include Stop smoking and using other tobacco products, limiting the consumption of alcohol, and taking the medications as prescribed by the doctor.