Juvenile diabetes or simply called diabetes in children is on the rise today. It was earlier believed to be the disease effecting only the elderly. But now it is found in children and younger people as well.
Diabetes – two types – Type 1 and Type 2. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not make insulin while in type 2 diabetes, the body does not make sufficient insulin or does not use the produced insulin effectively. Significantly, type 1 diabetes is more common in children.
The primary cause of juvenile diabetes is genetics. Let’s discuss the symptoms of diabetes in children.
Increased hunger and thirst
Sudden weight loss
Although symptoms are enough to prove diabetes mellitus in children but for proper confirmation, certain diagnostic tests are recommended by the paediatric diabetologist. So, the question arises, what are the diagnostic tests performed to confirm juvenile diabetes.
The diagnostic tests for diagnosing diabetes in children are as follows:
Blood Sugar Test (both fasting and random)
Glycated Haemoglobin (A1C) Test
Diabetes treatment in children as generally prescribed by the paediatric diabetologist includes the following:
Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels
Changes in diet and lifestyle.
We believe prevention to be always better than cure. Is there any way to prevent diabetes in children? Sure, there are many ways you can prevent your children from getting diabetes. Some of them are as follows:
Encouraging them to be more active
Feeding them healthy meals
Cutting back on their sugar intake.
Our body produces several types of hormones and insulin is a rather crucial one for the proper working of our body. Due to the disbalance of levels of insulin, a deadly disease surfaces, which is known as diabetes. The diabetes is a condition in which either the pancreas fails to produce insulin, or the body fails to utilize the produced insulin to maintain the blood sugar level in the bloodstream.
Key facts about Diabetes
The count of people seeking diabetes treatment increased approximately from 108 million to 422 million from 1980 to 2014.
Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death among men and women from all over the world, as per WHO
About 50 percent of the deaths due to high blood pressure, is a resultant of diabetes
Diabetes is preventable, particularly the type 2, in spite being a genetical trait, through timely, medical aid along with proper diet and regular exercise.
Prevalence of diabetes over the age of 18, has increased from 4.7 % to 8.5 % from 1980 to 2014.
Diabetes is more prevalent in low to middle-income nations.
Diabetes in later stages brings additional illnesses as well. These include slow healing, kidney failure, foot amputation, heart attack, blindness,
Diabetes claims about 1.6 million death annually.
Diabetes in India
As of now, more than 35 million people are diagnosed positive for diabetes in India. Moreover, the CPR (Crude Prevalence Rate) of diabetes is around 9 percent in urban India and 3 percent in a rural population of India. Thus, the number of people suffering from diabetes is highest, as compared to any other country. The IGT (Impaired Glucose Tolerance) of Indian people is significantly high as well. Thus the number of mobile seeking diabetes treatment is highest as well. Thus it is important that people are aware of the symptoms and treatment of diabetes.
World diabetes day and its importance
On 14th November, we observe wold diabetes day every year. It came into existence in the year 1991, by the joint effort of IDF (International Diabetes Federation) and WHO (World Health Organization). It mainly came into existence to address the increasing threat of diabetes over the health and wellness of people from all over the world.
The WDD (World Diabetes Day) is the biggest diabetes awareness campaign in the world, as it reaches more than 1 billion people globally spread in over 160 countries.
Diwali is around the clock and needless to say, the festival of light is not limited to the lights itself. It involves lots of sweet desserts, crackers, and gifts as well. However, several individuals end up having the excessive level of sugar in their blood and seek diabetes treatment for it. So, that you don’t end up spending your time in the hospital bed, instead of having fun, we provide several guidelines for the same.
1. Limit the consumption of sweet dishes
Diwali is a festival of lots of sweets and snack. Avoiding their temptation is not a solution, It is always recommended to limit the numbers you eat in this duration. In case, you are making sweets at home or ordering from a shop, go for a smaller size of Ladoos and other sweets to reduce the portion size of each serving.
2. Go for baked snacks instead of deep fried ones
Not every dessert can be baked, for the ones that can be done, must be. Baking served the purpose of deep frying as well, without adding the excess amount of oil on the plate. It is particularly healthy for people with blood sugar and can be considered as a diabetes treatment.
3. Go for healthier substitute
Substituting sugar with healthy herbs on the food platter is a big ‘no’ for any individual, especially during the Diwali time. Thus, try to substitute heavy, sugary ingredients with healthier substitutions. For example, using toned milk in place of full creamed, honey or applesauce in place of honey.
4. Stay away from sweets with silver coating
Though these fancy decoration, looks very appetizing, they are extremely unhealthy. Though it would not directly affect the blood sugar level in the blood, it surely enters the bloodstream due to over-consumption and then can cause severe complications.
Indians are genetically more susceptible to diabetes as compared to other people across the globe. That is why we need more attentive diabetes treatment. Thus, it is important to take every necessary action to ensure that diabetes stays away from us, particularly during festive season like Diwali, when people tend to go for a richer diet.
Though avoiding calorie and sugar-loaded sweets and other snacks, completely is not a feasible solution for the most of the people, adhering to few guidelines would certainly help a lot.
Diabetes is one of the most common disease affecting youths and elderly people all over the world. In India, it is becoming an epidemic. Even two decades earlier, Diabetes was considered as an illness affecting the aged people, mostly the ones who have a family history of the same.