What Are The Causes of Nerve Damage

Nerve damage can occur due to more than 80 different reasons. And, each reason has different symptoms and requires specific treatment. You might know that the nervous system is the core part of our body that decides our existence. 

Everything is under the supervision of the body’s nervous system, starting from controlling breathing to sensation and muscular movements.  

There are three types of nerves – Autonomic, Motor and Sensory and the level of damage can occur equally in all these three.

Various types of symptoms indicate chances of nerve damage, but the category and extent of nerve damage usually depend on the affected location. 

Moreover, the chances of peripheral nerve damage are quite higher than those in your brain and spinal cord.

The most common symptoms are 

  • Sweating too much or too little
  • Dry eyes and mouth 
  • Lightheadedness
  • Constipation 
  • Dysfunction in the bladder
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Muscle atrophy
  • Sensitivity towards external stimuli
  • Severe pain

In certain situations, you can feel more than one symptom at a time. And, this is an indication that you have a damaged nerve which requires immediate treatment. 

The most common reasons for nerve damage are

Nerve damages are quite hard to detect, and thus, you must not ignore these reasons and opt for a prompt diagnosis.

Nutrition deficiency

Our body requires a well-balanced amount of vitamins, minerals, protein, carbohydrates etc. Nutritional deficiency can lead to affecting the internal organs of the body. Primarily, deficiency

of vitamin B6 and B12 can lead to weakness, burning, sensation, and even develop gastric problems.

Infection disease 

Ignoring the infections in their primary stage can affect the nerve cells of your body. The infections that occur due to HIV, Hepatitis C, and Lyme disease have quite a high rate of nerve-damaging tendency.


As the disease advances, people who have diabetes suffer from nerve damage. The most severe complication is diabetic neuropathy which affects all three types of neurons. In the initial stage, it can generate a burning sensation.

Side effects of drug

If you are on a high medication or tend to take drugs deliberately or unintentionally, then there is a high chance of nerve damage. Certain drugs that are used to treat HIV have the potential to cause neural damage. Even alcohol or intake of toxic materials such as arsenic can damage the nerves to a great extent.


Any trauma or pressure on the nerve can lead to severe pain, which causes nerve damage if left without treatment. The nerve endings near your neck have a high chance of getting affected. Further, a crash injury has the chance to compress the nerves.


Cancer can lead to a nutritional deficiency which later on affects the nervous functions. Further, several types of radiation and chemotherapy are used to treat cancer, which is quite harmful to the nerves.

Autoimmune disease

Autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis can attack the nerve cells causing permanent damage. Even inflammatory bowel disease has the possibility to cause severe nerve pain as well as damage.

Bone marrow disorder

If abnormal protein is present in the blood, such as monoclonal gammopathy, bone cancer, or lymphoma can affect peripheral neuropathy. Even though the chances are quite vain, the reasons can’t be put aside.

Treatment for nerve damage

Further, kidney diseases, liver disease, hypothyroidism, and disorder in the connective tissue can also risk damaging the nerves. If the nerve pain becomes unbearable, you must consult with a neurologist. Early diagnosis has the potential to reduce the chances of permanent damage.

At the basic level, tests are done, and nutritional level is checked. Along with that physical therapy, specialists recommend medications such as pain relievers. Even antidepressants, along with anti-anxiety drugs, are also given. At ILS Hospitals, you get the best treatment for nerve damage.

How Alcohol Can Affect The Kidneys

Drinking one or two glasses occasionally is not going to affect your kidney. But, if you are a regular drinker, it can lead to severe implications. Heavy drinkers can face acute kidney failure, which can advance to chronic kidney damage.

Basically, the function of the kidney is to filter out toxic elements from your body. Its job is to maintain the pH level, produce hormones, and keep the body hydrated. But, when drinking becomes an addiction, it generates kidney diseases.

The recent data helps reveal that after consuming any alcoholic beverage, the blood pressure remains high. People also report kidney pain in the backside, which slowly progresses towards the spine, under the rib. It can get intensified, thus hindering your daily work.

Chances of developing Kidney disease due to alcohol consumption

Having more than two to five glasses of alcohol every day is another way of abusing your kidney. It can lead to –

Acute kidney disease

Alcohol is considered a harmful substance by your kidney, and it has to work harder 2x to get it out of your blood. Along with that, the kidney’s normal function is disrupted, and the filtrate rate reduces. This indirectly affects the body’s hydration level and becomes extremely dehydrated, which further affects the normal function of the organs.

You may notice specific symptoms such as exhaustion, swollen legs and face, nausea, severe chest pain, difficulty breathing, etc. It is essential to get the treatment at the right moment, or else it can lead to serious damage. Often, prolonged acute kidney disease can lead to a chronic kidney condition.

Chronic kidney disease

When talking about alcohol and its effect on kidneys, it is important to understand the amount of alcohol consumed daily. One drink of alcohol equals 12 ounces of beer and one glass of wine. So, if you are drinking heavily, it can block kidney function and lead to acute kidney failure. 

Treatment is possible nowadays, but it takes a long time, and often the damage is permanent. If you do not keep the alcohol amount in check, it can lead to chronic kidney damage. And, if you are also a smoker, then the damage level will become 3x. In this case, it can become life-threatening, and the only treatment is either dialysis or a kidney transplant.

UTI (Urinary Tract Infection)

If you tend to develop a UTI, then alcohol can spread the infection to the bladder, which affects the kidney. In these situations consuming alcohol decreases the pH level making the urine acidic, which severely affects the lining of the bladder, leading to kidney damage. 

The general symptoms are painful urination, dark and smelly urine, blood in urine, fever and frequent urge to urinate.

High Blood Pressure

Patients with high blood pressure are usually recommended not to drink alcohol as it not only affects the kidney. Also, it disrupts the health balance. According to recent statistics, high blood pressure diseases tend to develop more in drinkers than in non-drinkers. 

Along with that, alcohol can also affect certain medications which are prescribed for high blood pressure treatment.


If you consider drinking a part of your lifestyle, you need to check on alcohol consumption. For a man, seven glasses per week and eight glasses per week are the limits for a woman. Yes, indeed, alcohol does not cause all types of kidney pain, but it has the possibility of intensifying any existing kidney disease.

If you have a kidney stone, alcohol consumption can lead to a severe infection or block it, which becomes life-threatening. If any of the situations bother you, then you need immediate treatment. Get the best treatment at ILS Hospitals with state-of-art emergency care.

Angiogram: Everything You Need to Know

If there is a possibility of blockage within the artery or narrowed blood vessels, it should be assessed on time. And, for a proper diagnostic test, doctors recommend an angiogram. 

This helps comprehend the present condition of the heart, brain and other parts of the body. 

Angiogram test in Kolkata helps detect blood vessel abnormalities, such as blood clots, plague deposits, etc. This further prevents the risk of heart attack or heart failure.

What is an Angiogram?

It is also known as an arteriogram. This test provides computed images of the blood vessels running through different organs of the body. Through X-ray imaging technology, a clear picture of the blood vessels is derived. 

A long narrow tube, called a catheter, is inserted into the artery, usually near the arm’s region or groin area. A type of dye is injected into the blood, and then through X-ray machines, a series of images are taken, called angiograms.

This dye makes the path of blood flow visible, and the images provide a clear perspective of the condition of blood vessels. Primary cardiovascular diseases that require angiogram testing are coronary arteriosclerosis, vascular stenosis, and aneurysm.

Symptoms due to which doctors recommend angiogram testing

  • Chest pain that can be associated with angina.
  • Pain in the chest extends towards your neck and arm.
  • Frequent chest pain that lasts for more than 5 mins and then subdues.
  • Inaccurate result of non-invasive heart stress test.
  • Major injury or problem within the blood vessel.
  • Congenital issues related to the valve of the heart.
  • Has already been through a stroke, heart failure, or heart attack.
  • Underlying symptoms of coronary artery disease that required surgery.

Usually, an angiogram test in Kolkata is followed by a certain non-invasive heart test, such as an electrocardiogram, an echocardiogram or a stress test.

How to prepare for a coronary angiogram?

Often angiograms are also known as emergency tests, but this has to be scheduled in advance. And, you are given sufficient time to prepare. Angiogram requires a specialist and a well-maintained catheterization lab.

You will be given a set of instructions to follow and restrictions on certain medications. In general, you cannot eat or drink after midnight before the angiogram. 

Verify all your medicines from the doctor and ask him whether you are allowed to continue with them or not. People who have diabetes should always consult the doctor about insulin intake or oral medication.

What happens during the angiogram?

During an angiogram test in Kolkata, you will be asked to change into a hospital gown, and it will take about 20 to 30 minutes to complete the process. A moderate amount of sedation will be given.

There are no life-threatening complications, but somehow 5% risk remains while doing a coronary angiogram, such as excessive bleeding, injury to the artery, irregular heartbeat, allergic reaction, severe infection, etc.

What happens after the angiogram?

After the angiogram is done, you will be monitored for around 6 hours. Before you get discharged, in case of diabetes, it is advised not to intake Glucophage. Because, this can increase the risk of kidney complications.

You need to give the body some time to recover. Drink plenty of water, avoid non-alcoholic drinks, and do not put too much pressure while lifting objects. Further, keep the injected area clean.


Are you confused between angiogram and angioplasty? In the case of angioplasty, a small balloon-like structure is inserted into a block on narrowed arteries to remove the obstruction. In comparison, an angiogram is just a block detection method. 

You can get your angiogram test in Kolkata done by the best medical faculties. Visit ILS Hospitals for extensive medical care.

7 Fact About Chest Pain

Not all chest pains indicate heart attack; they can occur due to heartburn or muscle spasm. But, you must not ignore the severity of the situation. Ignoring chest pain can lead to life-threatening consequences. 

You must have an idea – of how to differentiate between heartburn and heart attack. Let’s get to know the potential reasons behind chest pain. And, always consult with a reputed chest pain specialist near you.

Common reasons behind chest pain


Angina is a medical term used to describe chest pain or a tight pressure around your chest cavity. It is not a heart attack. In this case, the amount of blood flowing through your heart muscles reduces, and it cannot meet the normal blood supply demand.

Angina typically occurs due to the build-up of plaque in the arteries. This restricts blood flow and increases the tension within the valves. The general sensations are burning and a tight grip on your chest, squeezing the chest cavity, etc.

It is of 2 types:

  • Stable – which occurs due to emotional stress.
  • Unstable – which occurs even while you are at rest.

It is a general warning sign that you have underlying coronary artery disease. And, it can lead to a heart attack if not taken immediate medical measures.


It is an inflammatory condition of the sac present around the heart, usually led by an infection. Apart from the neck or shoulder muscle, the pain rises sharply, making it difficult to breathe or swallow food. If you lie down on your back, the situation can go out of hand. 


This is also an inflammatory condition of the hot muscle where you feel severe chest pain and breathing problems, fatigue, and fever. So, contact a chest pain specialist immediately.

Aortic dchest pain specialistissection

This is a life-threatening condition and relatively uncommon where the aorta, the body’s largest artery, receives damage and tears. You may experience severe pain and a ripping sensation in your abdomen and throughout the neck.

Non-cardiac conditions

Evey chest pain might not be associated with your heart. You must be aware that other organs and tissues are related to the chest cavity – lungs, muscle, tendons, esophagus, nerves, etc.

Gastrointestinal diseases such as stomach ulcers, gallstones or any lung conditions such as pneumonia, blood clots, or a collapsed lung can also lead to chest pain. Severe panic disorder asthma or tendon strain is also a potential source of chest pain.

It is always advised to consult a chest pain specialist if you feel persistent pain or any sudden pain that lasts for more than 5 minutes.

Is there a difference in chest pain between men and women?

Based on experience shared – women, people with diabetes, and aged adults do not usually experience chest pain during a heart attack. They show other symptoms, such as dizziness, shortness of breath, nausea, chest pain radiating to both arms, etc.


This states that chest pain is not always a warning sign of a heart attack. Some people have even shared that they didn’t experience pain before a heart attack. So, always look out for signs, such as palpitation, sweating, faster heartbeat, etc.


Tests are prescribed, along with medications, to understand the present condition of the chest. Whether it is a cardiac or non-cardiac condition, based on that, treatment is advised.


Preventing chest pain means reducing medical ailments, and this can only be achieved through a healthy lifestyle. You need to maintain a strict diet, exercise, and reduce the consumption of alcohol and nicotine products. Never go for over-the-counter medicines and seek immediate help. Visit ILS Hospitals for advanced treatments for managing chest pain.


What Is a Hernia and What Can You Do About It?

Is there a weak spot in your muscle? Then, it is quite natural that the internal organ tends to push out. This condition is called a hernia.

There are several types of hernia – inguinal, femoral, hiatal, and umbilical. Usually, hernias are seen within the abdominal cavity, i.e. between the chest and hips. 

If you notice any such bulges consult with the best hernia hospital in Kolkata.

Let’s get to know more about treating hernia.

What causes a hernia? 

An inguinal and femoral hernia occurs due to weak muscles, and these have a possibility of occurring since birth. Hernia can also be associated with aging or severe strain on the abdominal or groin region. 

Moreover, you can also suffer from a hernia due to congenital disabilities, such as congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Hiatal hernia can occur due to physical exertion, frequent coughing, pregnancy, or obesity.

Symptoms of a hernia

A lump or balls-like structure that protrudes out of the body. The lump is generally felt while doing general activities, like coughing, laughing, crying, or during any physical activity. Other than these:

  • Bulging or swelling of the scrotum.
  • Increasing pain at the sides of the bulge.
  • The pain increases while lifting any object.
  • With time the size of the bulb increases.
  • There is an aching sensation.
  • Feeling a bowel obstruction all the time.

However, in the case of an inguinal hernia, you won’t visualize any bulge on the body. But, you can experience frequent heartburn, difficulty swallowing, or regurgitation. Along with, chest pain and indigestion can be felt.

How is a hernia detected?

Medical professionals can see or feel the swelling part through physical examination where the hernia has occurred. 

In the inguinal hernia, the patient is asked to cough, and the doctor examines the scrotum and groin. 

Other tests assigned to assess the condition are ultrasound, barium X-ray, CT scan, and endoscopy.

What is the cure?

There is no natural cure for hernia, and the only best repair mechanism is to opt for a surgeon. Tests will be done to understand which method would best fit your case.

Three types of hernia surgery are performed:

  • Open surgery – Small cuts are made right at the hernia location. The protruding muscles are placed back in their rightful place and stitched. Often a mesh is implanted that provides extra support.
  • Laparoscopic robotic hernia – Like open surgery, the cut is made outside the abdomen. And, a tiny incision is kept for inserting surgical tools, which completes the process.
  • Robotic hernia – This also uses a laparoscopic mechanism and is performed through a small incision. Surgeons do not handle the surgical instrument; instead, it is operated through the console. And, the surgeon directs it from the operating room.

What if a hernia is left untreated?

Hernias never get rectified automatically. You need to consult with the best hernia hospital in Kolkata and get treated before it grows and becomes much more complicated.

In the inguinal or femoral hernia, you can face obstructions where a part of the intestine gets

stuffed into the inguinal canal. This is followed by vomiting, stomach pain, a nauseated feeling, and a lump in the groin.

Blood supply gets restricted due to strangulation of a part of the intestine. And, it can also lead to tissue death within a few hours.

Can you prevent a hernia?

Maintaining body weight, eating healthy, exercising regularly, and incorporating enough antioxidants in your diet, including vegetables and fruits, can prevent hernia. Try to avoid constipation by consuming whole grains. 

Be careful while lifting any objects. Consult with the best hernia hospital in Kolkata at ILS Hospitals in case of continuous coughing.


5 Things You Need To Know About Your Endoscopy

Vomiting or sore throat are common experiences and usually overlooked. Instead, people rely on over-the-counter medications to treat these problems, assuming they are not so serious.

But, persistent pain or any discomfort indicates a much more severe condition, and this is where tests are suggested. Minimally invasive medical procedures are advised to investigate symptoms and diagnose certain medical conditions. 

This helps to take a better look at the body’s internal organs. So, look for an endoscopy hospital near me.

Endoscopy is one such tool where a tube is fitted with a light and camera. And, it is introduced inside the body. This is entirely done under the strict supervision of the medical specialist.

What happens in Endoscopy?

This medical procedure generates images that help the doctor understand the body’s present anatomy. The procedure is an excellent replacement for extensive invasive surgeries or complex testing procedures. However, it can be intimidating if you haven’t gone through this procedure before. 

A small incision is made on the skin, and through that, the endoscope is inserted. Often, a tissue sample is taken to detect or screen for cancer or any other disease. This is called a biopsy. Even surgical instruments are fitted with the endoscope to treat problems such as abnormal growth in the uterus, removing an appendix, etc.

Common types of Endoscopy

Based on the part of the body where the examination will be conducted, the endoscopy procedure is named. Suppose an endoscopy of your respiratory system is required, then it is called bronchoscopy.

Endoscopy is performed by surgeons or specialists in that area, such as pulmonologists treating the lungs performing bronchoscopy.

The advantage of Endoscopy

  • It is a safe procedure and has minimal complications that come only when precautions are ignored.
  • Endoscopic is quite versatile, and it can be conducted for a wide range of medical conditions. 
  • Compared to traditional surgery, the wound or incision is quite small. 
  • It takes less than a month to heal and get back to your daily chores.

After Endoscopy, only a negligible number of patients have often reported pain, infection, bleeding, or allergic reaction due to any medication. But, there is no risk.

Preparing for an Endoscopy

Patients have often reported a stressful situation or encountering anxiety during an endoscopy. Keeping calm is the easiest method for a successful procedure. 

Always consult with your doctor about the preparation. Or, look for the best endoscopy hospital near me. You might be suggested to stop taking certain medications or not eating after midnight (just the day before the procedure).

Medications usually interfere with the examination, and temporary adjustments can be made, such as blood thinners, clopidogrel aspirin, etc.

What happens during Endoscopy?

Many patients often worry about breathing problems. But, there is nothing to worry about. The vital signs are monitored to ensure complete safety.

The patient is given a combination of anesthesia and sedition to minimize the pain and discomfort. A small opening is made, and through that, a tube is inserted into the body. The doctor continuously monitors the images. 

Difficult tasks, such as preventing internal bleeding, stitching, or taking tissue samples for testing, are performed. Upward Endoscopy lasts for about 30 minutes.


Right after the Endoscopy, you may feel bloating, nauseating, or unable to eat your regular food problem. But, within a few days, you can get back to your usual routine without any further complications.

It is always recommended to go for a follow-up visit after the Endoscopy, or if you face any complications, you must look for an endoscopy hospital near me. Visit ILS Hospitals and consult with experienced specialists.

Everything You Need To Know About Your Prostate

We understand that it is not quite usual to talk about the prostate. But, there are certain aspects that you must know to avoid medical ailments. 

Aging men often report difficulty in peeing or prostate getting enlarged. So, you need to keep an eye on the symptoms and report them to the doctor at the earliest. Prostate treatment in Kolkata has made it easier to minimize the risk and cure life-threatening conditions.

Let’s identify the gland first 

The prostate is a small male gland that is located inside the body, placed right below the bladder. If you can identify the urethra, then it is present right around it. 

The prostate is responsible for producing certain fluids that help transport the sperm. This fluid is a mixture of enzymes and hormones, and its function is to keep the sperm cells motile. 

So, the prostate has a direct connection with fertility. The semen is pushed through the urethra by the prostate muscles, which helps to ejaculate. 

Common Prostate Problems & Warning Signs

Enlarged prostate

The medical term for enlarged prostate is benign prostatic hyperplasia. More than 50% of men go through this problem, where they experience swelling of the prostate. The size increases 2x times, and its problems become more intense with age. 

The general symptoms are

  • Difficulty in peeing
  • Sudden urge to pee
  • Increase in pee time at night
  • Burning sensation while peeing
  • Painful ejaculation

The most important fact is that you must not wait for a natural cure. And, do not shy away from discussing the problem with your doctor for immediate prostate treatment in Kolkata.

Enlarged prostate is often misinterpreted as cancer by non-specialists. But there is nothing to worry about. It is 100% curable. Based on the present condition, either medication are prescribed, or surgery is recommended


It is also an inflammatory condition of the prostate. However, it is quite different from the enlarged condition. This can lead to either swollen, inflamed, or tender prostate,

The general symptoms are:

  • Urgent need to pee
  • Painful peeing
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Presence of blood in the urine
  • Continuous pain in the lower back
  • Getting a heavy feeling in the scrotum
  • Blockage in the urinary passage

There are different reasons why you may have prostatitis. And, based on the cause, a cure is prescribed. It can even be caused due to injury, stress, or damage within the nerve. 

Prostate cancer

Based on the latest report, males suffer more from prostate cancer when compared with females who have breast cancer. 

The factors that can increase the risk are

  • Family history
  • Genetic mutation or hereditary
  • Certain genetic conditions

The general symptoms are (early stage):

  • The frequent urge of peeing
  • Trouble maintaining a strong and steady flow
  • Presence of blood in the pee
  • A burning sensation while peeing
  • Painful lower back, upper thighs, chest, hip, etc.
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Shortness of breath. 
  • The pale appearance of the skin

You can get to the verge of developing prostate cancer as you age. Thus, it is very much important to be aware of the symptoms. This would further help to assess and suggest the proper treatment.

Types of Prostate Tests prescribed

  • Digital rectal exam (DRE)
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) testing
  • MRI
  • Prostate biopsy
  • Ultrasound


Following a low animal fat, more antioxidants, less carbohydrate diet, regular exercise, weight management, and reducing stress are the best ways to stay away from ailments. And, if you are witnessing one or more of the warning signs, consult with a physician. ILS Hospitals offer the best prostate treatment in Kolkata.

The Importance of Ambulance Services in Society

There has been an alteration in the global pathogen range, spreading more infections, primarily vector bone. These infections have accelerated over the years due to climate change. Thus, at present, you can witness a sudden increase in medical ailments within the last few decades. 

Rapid urbanization and change in land-use patterns have remained a primary factor for ages. With that, societal behavior steadily contributed to people adopting a sedentary lifestyle. This gave rise to costly long-term health problems.

However, there has also been growth in medical assistants and services provided by hospitals. Emergency ambulance service in Kolkata is getting infused with the latest technology to support patients during emergencies.

The most life-saving act is done by an ambulance – which aids the patient to reach the hospital on time and works as a life-saving solution. Let’s see how!

Contribution of ambulance service to our society

Both public and private emergency ambulance services in Kolkata are available for the patient to save them during critical conditions. Usually, every hospital and private EMS has its ambulance operating system for immediate medical care. 

Thus, there has been a consistent rise in the life-saving graph after the development of ambulance transportation.

Patients with physical disabilities cannot use a regular vehicle to travel to the hospital. They won’t even be able to go for treatment or examination – here emergency ambulance service in Kolkata is the adequate support.

Ambulance services can be termed prehospital medical care or reaction to emergency response. When an individual needs medical help, particularly during late hours, an ambulance is an ideal line that maintains a continuum with the hospital facilities.

They follow two definite programs: “treat and transfer” and “treat and leave”.

Role of Paramedics in ambulance service

While shifting a patient from their house to hospital or from one hospital to another, specific emergency protocols must be followed. And only the paramedics available in the ambulance service have the core knowledge to cater to immediate medical care. They can provide the medical aid that is the need of the hour.

The backbone of any ambulance service is the medical professionals who treat the patient first. They ensure to keep the vitals stable until they reach the hospital, and the doctors proceed with the treatment.

They are certified and professional healthcare individuals who receive training to assist patients and provide them with the required medication during an emergency.

They are trained to deliver the most functional medical support, such as PCR, cardiac arrest restriction, treating bone fractures, pain control, paralysis, complication during childbirth, blood loss management, etc.

The latest development in ambulance service

Ambulance provides a disciplined and organized system for Today we are going to discuss ready homes in Kolkata. The real estate market is about to witness an upsurge following the high demand for ready-to-move-in housing property. Click to know more.timely response during a confirmed medical emergency. The latest technology development has enhanced ambulance communication and coordination with paramedics and doctors. 

The entire process has become streamlined. Now, patience can depend on ambulance service during controlled or uncontrolled disaster environments.

When considering an emergency ambulance service in Kolkata, they have many contributions that are left unacknowledged. In terms of patient safety, ambulances have the basic amenities to help the paramedical provide preliminary support.


Based on the latest reports, there have been more intervention activities and minimization of fatal incidents due to improvement in ambulance service. The latest development has made the facilities seamless and removed the patient block. 

The initiatives of an electronic booking system, status board, tracking patient discharge movements, and timely alerts have maintained a continuum.

The ambulance service works as a natural extension when the patient community is inaccessible or at a site with limited health practice. ILS Hospitals has made it even easier to book an emergency ambulance service in Kolkata.

Advantages of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Due to the instability in the spine, starting from degenerated discs to misshapen vertebrae, recurrently the pain can become unbearable. There are multiple treatment processes, and the first choice is surgery. Every reputed spine surgery hospital in Kolkata would prescribe a much safer procedure in place of the traditional operative process – i.e. Minimally invasive spine surgery.

Spine surgeries that can cure the pain through small incisions, about ½ inch through your skin, are performed through this technique. An endoscope is inserted into the incision to provide a smaller operative field in this approach. 

Do you suffer from spine problems? Should you opt for spine surgery? Let’s find out.

The types of spine treatment performed through minimally invasive spine surgery:

  • Spinal fusion for degenerative or “slipped” discs
  • Correcting a deformity
  • Decompression of any spinal tumours growth
  • Repair and stabilization of vertebral fractures
  • Fixing Lumbar spinal stenosis
  • Treating spinal infection

5 Benefits of minimally invasive spine surgery

When compared with other treatment options, minimally invasive spine surgery is considered to be the best choice because –

Less painful

Minimally invasive spine surgery involves smaller incisions which accounts for less damage. And, thus, when the surgery is accomplished, you feel less pain during the next few recovery days. Further, this also ensures that you have to intake fewer pain killers and therapeutic medicines.

Less Traumatic

The body has to bear a certain amount of trauma while going through the surgery. Further, the muscle and tissue recovery period and treatment also affect the body. But, in the case of minimally invasive surgery, no muscular cutting is involved, and just a minor incision is made that gets healed within weeks.

The recovery rate is faster

Minimally invasive surgery is suggested when other treatment procedures fail to get you relief. This can help to ease the pain you have been experiencing for months. 


Open surgery can enhance the pain due to long-term rehabilitation. In contrast, minimally invasive surgery reduces that time gap and helps you get back to normal activities at the earliest.

No-Risk and few complications

Surgery is often assumed to be synonymous with risk, but minimally invasive surgery reduces the chance of complications. The only cases of complications arise due to side effects of the anaesthesia and infection at the incision area due to negligence.

Removes chances of common surgical problems

There is no excessive blood loss, and you do not get dependent on pain medication and do not feel any post-operative pain. Further, you do not have to go through physical therapy challenges, and there are no large scars left for a lifetime.

Do you need spine surgery?

There are specific indications when minimally invasive surgery will work and when it won’t. The doctor needs to ensure complete safety, and so you might have to go through repetitive diagnosis and health evaluation. Every possible treatment would be evaluated at a spine surgery hospital in Kolkata before the surgery is considered.

How to prepare for spine surgery?

  • Quit smoking at least one 1month before surgery.
  • Exercise regularly 
  • Stop taking non-essential medications and herbal remedies
  • Antibiotics will be prescribed before and after your surgery. 
  • Instruction about what to eat or drink the night before your surgery.

What to expect during recovery?

The post-operative phase of minimally invasive spine surgery results in less damage to muscles shortens hospital stay, reduces medicines expenses, and ensures faster recovery. And, most importantly, you get to return to the normal working phase and daily activities at the earliest.

However, not all conditions can be treated through minimally invasive surgery, so you must consult with the doctors at ILS Hospitals which is the best spine surgery hospital in Kolkata. Make sure you keep all follow-up appointments.

10 Most common gynaecological problems every woman must know

At some point in time, every woman reports going through a gynaecological disorder, which severely impacts physiological and psychological health. These must not be ignored, and immediately get an appointment at a reputed gynaecology hospital in Kolkata. Because it can lead to infertility or turn into a life-threatening problem. 

Here are the common problems that you must be aware of.

1. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

This is commonly known as PCOS, where a woman goes through irregular menstrual cycles that remain for a prolonged time. Innumerable follicles form on the ovary, which restricts the release of the egg. 


The conditions can be genetic, such as a high rate of insulin in the body or if the level of androgen increases.


The general experience is abdominal obesity, recurring acne, abnormal hair growth in the facial region, fertility issues and becoming prone to diabetes

2. Dysmenorrhoea

In regular terms, this is known as painful periods, where a woman experiences severe abdominal pain during menstruation. This is divided into two categories – Primary (no pelvic disorder is observed) and Secondary (associated with the underlying pelvic disease).


The natural chemicals secreted by the body, such as prostaglandins, result in primary dysmenorrhoea. And, endometriosis and fibroids result in secondary dysmenorrhoea.


Sudden abdominal cramp is felt, and the intensity of pain increases. This may often spread to the lower back.

3. Endometriosis

This problem is associated with the uterine lining, where the lining starts growing outside the uterus and spreads to other associated parts.


This generally occurs due to hormonal disturbances and irregular menstrual flow, problems associated with the immune system and underlying genetic factors.


Digestive troubles are most relevant and are accompanied by intense menstrual cramps and spotting between menstrual cycles.

4. Vaginitis

It is a condition where the vagina gets inflamed and can be experienced by any woman going through her reproductive phase.


This may occur due to infection, side effects of antibiotic medication, unsafe sexual intercourse, or using hormonal tables or spermicidal creams.


A burning sensation is felt while peeing, along with an itchy vagina. There is a continuous irritation, and even a foul smell is discharged from the vagina.

5. Urinary Tract Infection

This condition is also known as UTI, and it is quite common in women of all age groups. The condition occurs due to bacterial infection in the vagina that spreads to the urethra and bladder and, in severe cases, affects the kidney.


If someone is already suffering from pelvic nerve/muscles problems, they get susceptible to such infections. Further, any blockage within the urethra, bladder, or kidney can result in UTI.


A burning sensation is felt while peeing, and the urine appears cloudy with a strong odour. In extreme cases, blood tinges are also found in the urine. This is accompanied by fever, backache, nausea, and if left untreated, can affect the kidneys.

6. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

The problem is associated with the body’s genital organs, including the fallopian tube, uterus, pelvic peritoneum, and others.


If someone uses IUCD or has a medical history of pelvic inflammation or has multiple sexual partners then this disease can occur.


The general experience includes extreme pain in the lower abdominal region, abnormal vaginal discharge, fever, lethargy, vaginal bleeding and painful sexual intercourse.

7. Genital Herpes

This is a sexually transmitted disease, a form of viral infection. It is associated with sores and blisters.


Being a communicable disease, this spreads from an infected person during anal or oral sex.


The primary symptoms are flu, chills and fatigue, which develops into muscular pain, nausea and blisters around the genital organs.

8. Dyspareunia

This problem is also known as painful sexual intercourse, and it occurs due to structural conditions or even psychological reasons that can affect the person.


Vaginitis, PID, narrow vagina or vulval infection can lead to this condition. Even structural issues such as thick hymen can generate Dyspareunia.


Pain during penetration remains for a couple of hours after the intercourse. 

9. Fibroids

Muscular tumour-like growth is observed within the uterus but is rarely cancerous. There is a variation in size, shape and location.


The reasons can be hormonal or genetic, and no other general reason is found.


Extreme pressure is felt in the lower abdomen, along with heavy periods and bleeding between the cycle. This also results in painful sexual intercourse.

10. Ovarian Cysts

Women of any age group can be affected by ovarian cysts, where sacs filled with fluids develop in the ovaries.


This problem may result from pelvic infection, hormonal issues and endometriosis.


In an abdominal region, a swelling or bloating is felt, accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

What is the Cure?

Certain gynaecological problems can be treated by maintaining g a healthy lifestyle, personal hygiene, sexual education or taking medicines for symptomatic relief. However, antibiotics are also prescribed at the gynaecology hospital in Kolkata based on the severity. Whereas in some instances, a doctor would suggest surgery or hormonal therapies. 

ILS Hospitals offer the best medical treatment for gynaecological problems; consult with a gynaecologist today!