Orthopedic department deals with diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal system disorders, this includes bones, ligaments, tendons, joints, muscles and nerves.
Sometimes, even after years and years of medication and treatment, desired movement of knee cannot be yield. In those case, orthopedic replacement of knee comes as a rescue. There are two broad types of knee replacement surgery, lets discuss them in details-
1. Total Knee Replacements (TKR)
Approximately 90 percents of the total patients opt for this type of surgery. Its the traditional procedure to repair damaged knees. Total Knee Replacements is one of the safest and most effective operations.
In this procedure, the surgeon removes the surface of damaged or injured bones and replace it with artificial implants. The underneath layer of healthy bones are cut precisely to fit the prosthetic implants.
With the modern medical approach, the orthopedic replacements can mimic the natural bends and movements up to a large extent. Most of the patients can go back to resuming normal activities within months. But high impact activities such as running and vigorous exercise should be avoided for a few months. The shelf-life of these artificial joints may lasts up to 20 years.
There are certain risks associated with it such as infection, blood clot and misalignment between bone and implant. To avoid all these, walker or crutches should be used to reduce the stress on the joint.
2. Partial Knee Replacement (PKR)
This surgery is also known as uni-compartmental knee-replacement. Less than 10% of the surgeries are of this kind. Only a portion of knee is replaced and it thrives to conserve as much original bone as possible. It is opted for only those patients, who has osteoarthritis in one of the three bone compartment.
In this procedure, the surgeon eliminates the arthritic portion of the knee along with bone and cartilage, and replace it with artificial components made up of metal and plastic.
The bends and movements of PKR are more natural, but a risk of further arthritis in remaining bones is likely to occur. It is done mostly on patients aging less than 65, as they still possess adequate amount of healthy bone. The patient may need to undergo a follow up procedure after the first one wears out. This usually takes 15 to 20 years.
If the damage in is two or more bone compartment it is wise to go for TKR. Understanding and proper diagnosis is required before going for any kind of surgery.
At ILS, orthopedic departments provides quality treatment and care for several disorders. Most of the surgeries are done by minimal incision. It provide orthopedic replacements and treatment for several orthopedic conditions such as-
a) Surgery & management of all Fractures and Dislocations
b) Microscopic surgeries for soft tissue injuries of hands & feet
c) Total and Partial knee replacement
d) Total Hip Replacement
e) Arthroscopy & Reconstructive Knee Surgeries
f) Biodegradable trauma Implant
g) Trauma & Emergency – 24×7
h) Diagnosis of Arthritis and its Treatment