Independent of the fact whether you even had it or not, everyone is aware of this particular disease. it is an extreme condition of fever that infects about 390 million patients every year from all around the world. It is prevalent in certain geographical location as compared to others. The main reason for the same is the Aedes mosquito as they are the vector of the deadly dengue virus, which in turn is the pathogen of dengue fever.
These are becoming very common during monsoon in India as well, and several patients with suspected dengue are made to take test, post confirmation is admitted for the same.
Symptoms of Dengue
Symptoms of Dengue fever often onsets after 4-6 day of exposure to the infection. These are mostly-
- Severe joint and muscle pain
- Sudden, high fever
- Nose or gum bleeding, or easy bruising
- Pain behind the eyes
- Severe headaches
- Skin rash, that onsets two to five days after fever
These symptoms are often mistaken for signs of flu and thus are neglected.
Complications of Dengue
Young children and first timer to this particular virus become more severe to the symptoms and are at risk of developing complications such as hemorrhage fever, bursting of a blood vessel and lymph etc. In rare condition, it can progress to a potentially dreadful condition which is called the dengue shock syndrome that can lead to mass bleeding, shock or even death. It is more common among young children, people with weak immune system and people with subsequent dengue infection.
Diagnosis of Dengue Fever
Dengue infection can be diagnosed with a blood test. However, often this stage comes much later due to the negligence of people or mistaking as some other common illness.
Treatment for Dengue
There is no guaranteed medicine that can cure dengue fever completely. Pain killers are mostly prescribed for the same along with guideline for rest and recovery. This includes drinking plenty of fluid, adequate rest, avoiding any un-prescribed medicine as it can induce bleeding, and affect the biological blood clot mechanism. And it is extremely important to report any change to the hospitals of Kolkata for immediate treatment.
Prevention of Dengue
There is no particular immunization for preventing the dengue fever as of now. The only way to do so is by preventing the mosquitoes biting. This includes keeping the surrounding clean and prohibiting breeding and blooming of mosquito around by all means possible. In event of any doubtful symptoms, getting in touch with a hospital is highly recommended.