Bone Health and Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a growing global problem worldwide. After the age of 50, bones become weak and fragile especially in case of women. Fractures affect both men and women with age. Strong bones are essential for overall good health. Good nutrition helps in keeping the bones stronger and healthier.

Although, there are hardly any symptoms of detecting osteoporosis at an early stage. Some earlier signs might include receding gums, weak nails, and weakened grip strength. Without a proper treatment, osteoporosis may worsen leading to the higher risk of fractures. Some common causes of osteoporosis are mentioned below:

  1. Physical inactivity
  2. Smoking
  3. Low body weight
  4. Certain medications
  5. Hereditary
  6. Being female and an older adult
  7. Poor nutrition
  8. Menopause in case of women



There are many factors which play an important role in keeping the bones healthy. Some of them are as follows:

Bone contains 99% of body calcium and therefore we need to consume foods high in calcium to keep it healthy.

  1. Vitamin D is needed to absorb calcium and build bones.
  2. Enough Protein intake is essential to maintain a healthy bone.
  3. Other nutrients include zinc, Vitamin K, and magnesium.
  4. Weight-bearing exercises such as climbing stairs, push-ups etc. should be included in the everyday routine.
  5. Smoking should be stopped.

Apart from these, there are some natural ways to treat bone disease but should be strictly followed under your doctor’s supervision. Some people do get good results with natural treatments.

Osteoporosis can have serious effects. As already mentioned, fractures can be really painful and take a long time to heal leading to other complications. For instance, a hip fracture requires staying in bed for a longer period with other risks involved like pneumonia, blood clots, and other infections.


BMD (Bone Mineral Density) is a type of scan to diagnose the disease. It is done by using a type of X-ray known as a dual-energy x-ray(DEXA) and bone densitometry. DEXA scan includes two devises – a central device which is a hospital-based scan measuring hip and spine bone and a peripheral device which is a mobile machine measuring wrist, heel and finger bone. ILS Hospitals being a multi-specialty hospital provides the treatment for Osteoporosis.

World Osteoporosis Day takes place on 20th October, organized by International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) every year. This concept is launched by the United Kingdom’s National Osteoporosis Society in the year 1996. The main aim of this campaign is to spread awareness on bone health. This annual campaign is dedicated to raising awareness of the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease.