Endoscopy: What To Know

Gastroenterologists often suggest patients who suffer from gastric or acid reflux issues go for endoscopy. Mainly with the help of endoscopy, it is easy to determine the condition of your intestine, stomach, colon, and other related digestive organs. 

Doctors perform various endoscopy methods to understand the issues of the digestive system. Before you prepare yourself for endoscopy in Kolkata, there are a few things that you should know.

What is Endoscopy? 

A long thin tube is placed in the orifice (either mouth or anus) to examine the body organs properly. This tube is known as an endoscope. It will help the doctor to view the organs and understand the cause of the digestive issues properly.

In the case of colonoscopy, this tube or endoscope is inserted inside the rectum. With this procedure, the physicians can check the intestine and colon condition of your body. With enteroscopy, the doctors can detect the problems in the oesophagus, throat, and upper intestine.

Facts of Endoscopy

A few interesting endoscopy facts are discussed below;

  • All types of endoscopic procedures are safe, reliable, and quick.
  • The main aim of performing endoscopy is to get an accurate investigation of the stomach and perform further treatment accordingly.
  • Remove polyps or tumours from your digestive areas; an endoscopy is effective.
  • The first tube or endoscope was discovered in 1806.

Preparation For Endoscopy

To investigate various digestive organs accurately, you can rely on endoscopy in Kolkata. For endoscopy, you do not have to stay hospitalized even for a day. It takes around 1 hour to complete the entire endoscopy.

You may have to fast for 12 hours before the endoscopy. Consult your doctor.

You will be advised to take laxatives before the night of endoscopy for clearing the body system.

Process Of Endoscopy 

To perform an endoscopy, there are certain health reasons as follows;

  1. Investigate

If any patient is experiencing breathing issues, abdominal pain or disorder, vomiting, painful ulcers in the stomach, difficulty swallowing, or bleeding from gastric organs, then the doctor uses an endoscope to understand the cause of these symptoms.

  1. Confirmation 

Once endoscopy is done on the patient, a biopsy is carried on to confirm cancer or not. According to the confirmation of this diagnosis, further, the doctor will suggest medication and carry on the treatment.

  1. Treatment Purpose

Often doctors use an endoscope for removing ulcers or polyps from the digestive organs smoothly. Hence an illness can be treated successfully and directly by the endoscopy method.

  1. During Surgery

In recent times, doctors have preferred advanced endoscopic tools during surgery. It helps to make the surgery easier and less painful. Surgeries like gallstone removal, fallopian tube tying, or removal of any sized tumours from lungs or digestive system require endoscopy sometimes.

Again, laparoscopy is the latest method of endoscopy. Therefore for surgeries like gallstone operations, keyhole surgery is performed to remove the stones from the bladder. It saves time and is safe for patients.

Side Effects Or Risks Of Endoscopy    

As a whole, endoscopy is a reliable and safe process for patients. However, there are certain risk factors associated with it. They are as follows;

  • Bloating
  • Abdominal Cramps
  • Throat numbness for some time due to anaesthesia
  • Continuous pain in the place of endoscopy
  • Minor bleeding internally


A doctor who does endoscopy in Kolkata observes the patient for 24 hours after the treatment. If you notice any symptoms like chest pain, blood vomit, or breathing trouble after endoscopy, immediately report to the doctor. 

The recovery after endoscopy depends on which method is used on the patient for the same. In general, within an hour, after the anaesthesia wears off, patients feel better. For the most qualified endoscopy in Kolkata, you should visit https://www.ilshospitals.com/.